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Yin, R.K. (2012) Case study methods. In Cooper, H., et al. (Eds.), APA Handbooks in Psychology. APA Handbook of Research Methods in Psychology, Vol. 2. Research Designs: Quantitative, Qualitative, Neuropsychological, and Biological, American Psychological Association, 141-155. https://doi.org/10.1037/13620-009
has been cited by the following article:
TITLE: The Implementation of Adopted Balanced Scorecard with New Insight Strategy Framework for the Healthcare Industry: A Case Study
KEYWORDS: Adopted Balanced Score Card , Blue Ocean Strategy , 7s Mckinsey , Dy-namic Strategy , Healthcare Industry , P Obs & Gyn Clinic , A Obs & Gyn Clinic , Value-Added , Innovation
JOURNAL NAME: Open Journal of Business and Management , Vol.8 No.2 , March 4, 2020
ABSTRACT: Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to find out the new insight and concept of management strategy for Taiwan local clinic in a low reimbursement insurance payment system. Besides the golden spirit of keeping human healthy and best quality of life style, creating stable financial income is another big issue. However, healthcare industry is highly competitive among same industry as well as high-end technology investment. Therefore, a suitable dynamic strategy should be taken into consideration further healthcare service undertaking. After the implementation of adopted balanced scorecard with new in-sight strategy toward child and maternal clinic, and additional of SWOT analysis, Blue Ocean Strategy and 7s Mckinsey theory, a suitable dynamic strategy created a great value in health care industry. It created a value added dynamic strategy to solve low reimbursement insurance payment system; local clinic not only gained a better profit and service expansion but also promoted health care to a higher level, especially in child and maternal healthcare services. Design/Methodology/Approach: This is a local Obs & Gyn local clinic qualitative case study. All observation phenomena were observed and recorded down from the clinic. Adoption of balanced scorecard, new insight of blue ocean strategy and 7’s Mckinsey Theory formulates a dynamic strategy for the clinic management.
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Applications of Case Study Research
- Robert K. Yin - COSMOS Corporation
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This text brings the theory of case study research to life by presenting real-life illustrations of research techniques in practice. Professionals and advanced students can learn a lot by modeling their own research strategies on these examples.
A practical guide to complement Yin's seminal book on Case study research.
Simple and straight forward
This was not adopted. However it is a recommended book for individual students who are using a case study approach for their dissertation.
Excellent supplementary text to Creswell's for a graduate-level research methods class.
I chose Yin's Case Study Research instead. The Applications text would be better suited to a course devoted solely to case study research.
The book is too technical for my needs. It does not present enough from the qualitative research stance that I emphasize in my teaching. I was surprised by all the tables and by the dense prose. Not at all what I expected.
New to the Third Edition:
Sample Materials & Chapters
Chapter One: A (Very) Brief Refresher On The Case Study Method
Chapter Five: Citizens On Patrol
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This article examines five common misunderstandings about case-study research: (a) theoretical knowledge is more valuable than practical knowledge; (b) one cannot generalize from a single case, therefore, the single-case study cannot contribute to scientific development; (c) the case study is most useful for generating hypotheses, whereas other methods are more suitable for hypotheses testing and theory building; (d) the case study contains a bias toward verification; and (e) it is often difficult to summarize specific case studies. This article explains and corrects these misunderstandings one by one and concludes with the Kuhnian insight that a scientific discipline without a large number of thoroughly executed case studies is a discipline without systematic production of exemplars, and a discipline without exemplars is an ineffective one. Social science may be strengthened by the execution of a greater number of good case studies.
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2013, The Canadian Journal of Action Research
In his fourth edition of Case Study Research Design and Methods, Robert K. Yin continues to encourage the formation of better case study research. The text provides a technical yet practical guide to aid the committed researcher. It is an effort to promote rigor and to encourage the recognition of the limitations and awareness of the strengths of case study research. Throughout the text, Yin forthrightly addressed criticisms of the method and provided a solid defense of case study research and its breadth as a research method. An unexpected bonus of the text is found in the cross reference table that provides access to a wealth of classic and contemporary case study research.
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2014, Veritas: The Academic Journal of St Clements Education Group
Case studies have been subjected to both positive attributes and negative criticisms. Accordingly, there has been a growing academic discussion and debate about the usability of the case study with regard to its reliability. It has been accused of being a less rigorous, undependable, and ungeneralizable research method. The condemnation has led scholars and professionals among the researcher community to raise viewpoints that represent different schools of thought. Each school demonstrated its perception regarding the debate, of course with some concern. Whereas a section of researchers or scholars encourages the method as a useful approach, the other emphasizes its argument based on, among other things, what they call ‘lack of reliability’ of the case study, particularly external validity – whether a study carried out in the approach could indeed be generalized.
Melina Ocampo González
This paper analyses the case study research methodology to answer the question about how fruitful is this method and whether or not it is worthy to be applied in social sciences. The case study method has been questioned and criticised along the history by some methodologists; others have defended it. The authors concluded that the case study method is generally criticized because it is arguably misunderstood. They recommend to researchers to follow a framework or prespecified procedures to avoid false hypotheses and generalize from relative and ambiguous conclusions.
David E Gray
2018, Teachers College Record
In this research note, the authors show that the case study methodological literature does not reflect the divergent epistemologies that inform case studies or the iterative nature of non-positivist research. Authors then describe four ways to address existing limitations of the case study methods literature to create a more promising approach, which they call the comparative case study approach.
This paper tackles different aspects of the case study method. This covers a critical discussion about the definition; including its meaning in both of qualitative and quantitative. The paper reveals key criticisms of this method; particularly the concerns about generalizability and subjectivity. Exploratory, explanatory and descriptive cases are different styles that have been examined. Furthermore, the way of conducting case studies and its related ethical issues have been critically discussed.
Although case study methods remain a controversial approach to data collection, they are widely recognised in many social science studies especially when in-depth explanations of a social behaviour are sought after. This article, therefore, discusses several aspects of case studies as a research method. These include the design and categories of case studies and how their robustness can be achieved. It also explores on the advantages and disadvantages of case study as a research method.
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Abstract: A Case Study is one of the most popular and widely used methods in social research. Though case studies primarily involve qualitative research techniques, they can also make use of quantitative methods, thus, providing a fascinating turf for the interplay of both qualitative and quantitative methods in carrying out a social research. This paper is an attempt to study and examine the primary attributes of a case-study method and its potential for generating authoritative knowledge. Some of the major dimensions of a case study being reviewed and dealt with in this paper include –a) the debates surrounding the enunciation of precise definitions and key characteristics of a case study method b) the types of researches where case studies can be most aptly employed c) the relative utility and merits/demerits of case studies vis-à-vis other methods of qualitative research d) the issues of reliability and validity of a case study method and e) the seemingly unending debate surrounding the role of a case study in effecting broader generalizations and its future promise. Keywords: case study protocol, generalization, reliability, replication, research design.
A. Biba Rebolj
Position paper published in 2010 for my PhD coursework.
Ali Haj Aghapour
Case-study as a qualitative research is a strongly debatable research strategy among all academicians and particularly practitioners. Therefore, in order to provide some upto-date insights into this controversial issue, the current paper seeks to investigate and document some aspects of case-study research. In fact, after reviewing some literatures in order to define, clarify and classify case-study research, the paper tries to consider and trade-off this qualitative strategy from different philosophical perspectives and approaches. Then, by relying on some recently outstanding papers and other highly recognized written resources, the paper gets into the appropriateness of casestudy including Generalizability, Validity, Construct validity, Internal validity and Reliability. Next, the role of case-study to build a social theory is investigated that leads to preset a step-bystep process to achieve this visionary goal. At the end, a brief comparison between case-study, as a common representative of qualitative research, and survey, an indicator of opposite view, is done. This paper contributes to research method’s development used by scholars looking to establish a case research by improving the level of understanding regarding the discussed issues. Index Terms- case-study appropriateness, case-study classification, case-study approaches.
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The case study is a widely used method in qualitative research. Although defining the case study can be simple, it is complex to develop its strategy. Furthermore, it is still often not considered to be a sufficiently robust research strategy in the education field because it does not offer well-defined and use well-structured protocols. One of the most frequent criticisms associated with the case study approach is its low validity and reliability. In this sense, this study aims to concisely explore the main difficulties inherent to the process of developing a case study, also attempting to suggest some practices that can increase its reliability, construct validity, internal and external validity. Qualitative research methodologies broadly describe a set of strategies and methods that have similar characteristics to each other. In a qualitative methodology, we have an interactive model of data collection
2022, The Journal of Agricultural Sciences - Sri Lanka
We receive a large number of manuscripts for possible publication in this journal. In reviewing them, we find that the bulk of them are from the area of crop sciences, livestock production and allied fields that have used experiments as the research strategy. The minority that falls in to the areas of agribusiness, agricultural economics and extension have used survey strategy. There is a lack of utilizing other research strategies in current research. Research has to be commenced with a clear direction and a clearly identified study process. These are primarily provided by its research strategy (Wedawatta, 2011). There are numerous strategies that a researcher can adopt to achieve the objectives of a particular research study. Some common research strategies are; experiment, survey, archival analysis, ethnography, action research, narrative inquiry, and the case study. This paper explains what a case study is and outlines the components of a case study. The Nature of a Case Study Yin (2003) defines case study as 'an empirical inquiry that investigates a contemporary phenomenon within its real-life context, especially when the boundaries between phenomenon and context are not clearly evident'. A phenomenon and context are not always distinguishable in real-life situations. Therefore, a case study uses a large number of variables of interest than data points; and essentially relies on multiple sources of evidence for data triangulation. A historical viewpoint on case study strategy is presented in Tellis (1997). According to Yin (2003), case studies can be exploratory, explanatory or descriptive. Research in social sciences deals with interactions between institutions and human behaviour. These can be best studied in real-life settings and contexts. Sometimes an inquiry may be undertaken on an individual organization with a limited or a narrow population. These suggest qualitative investigations which are assessments of attitudes, opinions and behaviour (Kothari and Garg, 2018). These qualitative investigations are characteristic with the case study strategy. Whilst often been identified as interpretivist, case studies can also be used in positivistic research (Saunders et al. 2012).
Dr. BABOUCARR NJIE
● Abstract This paper analyses the case study research methodology to answer the question about how fruitful is this method and whether or not it is worthy to be applied in social sciences. The case study method has been questioned and criticised along the history by some methodologists; others have defended it. The authors concluded that the case study method is generally criticized because it is arguably misunderstood. They recommend to researchers to follow a framework or pre-specified procedures to avoid false hypotheses and generalize from relative and ambiguous conclusions.
Journal of Service Management
Purpose Several researchers struggle with designing, writing-up and reviewing case study research, but constructing a template for describing and justifying methodological choices is – in contrast with quantitative research – undesirable due to the creative nature of qualitative research. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to provide insight into the multitude of paths to rigorous case study research and promote rigorous case study research in the service community. Design/methodology/approach Based upon a review of seminal articles and textbooks, different paths to rigorous case study research are identified. Subsequently, these paths are compared with existing practices in case studies in service research published between March 2017 and April 2019. Findings Seminal articles and textbooks detail different paths to achieve rigor with regard to research purpose, design, data, analyses and write-up. Overall, the most popular paths in the service community are those proposed by E...
This paper presents a review of the literature on case study research and comments on the ongoing debate of the value of case study. A research paradigm and its theoretical framework is described. This review focuses extensively on the positions of
Yustinus Calvin Gai Mali
2023, Beyond Words
This recently published book might add to our understanding of conducting case study research and eventually writing a high-quality case study paper. In general, chapter one defines a case study and when and why a researcher needs to conduct that study. Chapter two suggests ways to formulate a research question, select a case, and ensure rigor for the research. Chapters three and four similarly discuss various data collection procedures and why those procedures need to be done. Chapter five presents practical strategies to do quality data analysis. The last chapter is about tips to report a case study research. Readable vocabulary and supporting figures should help readers (e.g., novice researchers, college or graduate students, and teachers) easily comprehend the persuasive information presented in those six chapters.
The case study is a research method which generally falls into the broader category of qualitative research. It is largely employed by an array of social sciences such as psychology, anthropology, education and health studies and Science and Technology Studies (STS). Even though the subjects of research, or ‘cases’, may differ between disciplines, there are certain strengths, weaknesses and limitations to case studies that can be summarised to provide a general overview of the method. In my essay, I will explore the characteristics of the case study and link them to examples of the previously documented cases. I will focus mainly on the fields of anthropology and STS as two disciplines that have made case studies their main research tool. In doing so I aim to demonstrate the ways that case studies can be a useful tool in a social scientist’s arsenal.
William M. Runyan
1982, American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
2011, International Journal of Transactional Analysis Research & Practice
Commenting on the lack of case studies published in modern psychotherapy publications, the author reviews the strengths of case study methodology and responds to common criticisms, before providing a summary of types of case studies including clinical, experimental and naturalistic. Suggestions are included for developing systematic case studies and brief descriptions are given of a range of research resources relating to outcome and process measures. Examples of a pragmatic case study design and a hermeneutic single-case efficacy design are given and the paper concludes with some ethical considerations and an exhortation to the TA community to engage more widely in case study research.
Nikhil Chandra Shil, FCMA
American Journal of Qualitative Research
Nadine Álvarez Montoya
Peter Rule , vaughn M john
This article is premised on the understanding that there are multiple dimensions of the case–theory relation and examines four of these: theory of the case, theory for the case, theory from the case, and a dialogical relation between theory and case. This fourth dimension is the article's key contribution to theorizing case study. Dialogic engagement between theory and case study creates rich potential for mutual formation and generative tension. The article argues that the process of constructing and conducting the case is theory laden, while the outcomes of the study might also have theoretical implications. Case study research that is contextually sensitive and theoretically astute can contribute not only to the application and revision of existing theory but also to the development of new theory. The case thus provides a potentially generative nexus for the engagement of theory, context, and research.
While case studies appear frequently in business classrooms as learning exercises, they appear only infrequently in scholarly journals as an accepted basis on which to demonstrate a theory or test a hypothesis. While scholars have contributed much in recent years to improving the rigor and design of business case studies, this research approach may yet be underutilized. The academic approach to the study of law in the US and England draws heavily on the use of case studies; management scholars may benefit from an understanding of the ways in which lawyers construct, analyze, and draw lessons from cases.