• PRO Courses Guides New Tech Help Pro Expert Videos About wikiHow Pro Upgrade Sign In
  • EDIT Edit this Article
  • EXPLORE Tech Help Pro About Us Random Article Quizzes Request a New Article Community Dashboard This Or That Game Popular Categories Arts and Entertainment Artwork Books Movies Computers and Electronics Computers Phone Skills Technology Hacks Health Men's Health Mental Health Women's Health Relationships Dating Love Relationship Issues Hobbies and Crafts Crafts Drawing Games Education & Communication Communication Skills Personal Development Studying Personal Care and Style Fashion Hair Care Personal Hygiene Youth Personal Care School Stuff Dating All Categories Arts and Entertainment Finance and Business Home and Garden Relationship Quizzes Cars & Other Vehicles Food and Entertaining Personal Care and Style Sports and Fitness Computers and Electronics Health Pets and Animals Travel Education & Communication Hobbies and Crafts Philosophy and Religion Work World Family Life Holidays and Traditions Relationships Youth
  • Browse Articles
  • Learn Something New
  • Quizzes Hot
  • This Or That Game New
  • Train Your Brain
  • Explore More
  • Support wikiHow
  • About wikiHow
  • Log in / Sign up
  • Education and Communications
  • Official Writing
  • Report Writing

How to Write a Work Report

Last Updated: January 15, 2024 Fact Checked

This article was co-authored by Madison Boehm and by wikiHow staff writer, Danielle Blinka, MA, MPA . Madison Boehm is a Business Advisor and the Co-Founder of Jaxson Maximus, a men’s salon and custom clothiers based in southern Florida. She specializes in business development, operations, and finance. Additionally, she has experience in the salon, clothing, and retail sectors. Madison holds a BBA in Entrepreneurship and Marketing from The University of Houston. There are 9 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This article has been fact-checked, ensuring the accuracy of any cited facts and confirming the authority of its sources. This article has been viewed 171,711 times.

Writing a work report might feel overwhelming, but it might be easier than you think. Work reports are typically used to explain your progress on a work project or provide your conclusions and recommendations regarding a workplace issue. To easily write an effective work report, start by considering your purpose, audience, research, and message. Then, draft your report using a typical format for business reports. Finally, you can revise the report to make it effective.

Planning a Work Report

Step 1 Identify the purpose and topic of your report.

  • For example, your purpose may be to analyze a business issue, explain the results of a project you worked on, or provide your supervisor with an overview of your work progress. [2] X Research source

Step 2 Choose a tone and language that fits your audience.

  • Who all will read your report? Include anyone who might reasonably use the report in your audience.
  • If you’re writing for different types of readers, include all necessary information for your least informed reader to understand. However, use headings for each section so that informed readers can skip information that is redundant for them. [4] X Research source You might also include sections for each audience to address their concerns.

Step 3 Gather your research and supporting materials, if applicable.

  • Financial information
  • Statistical information
  • Questionnaires
  • Interviews with experts, coworkers, clients, etc.

Step 4 Review your progress if you’re writing a progress report.

  • Has the project scope changed?
  • What tasks have you done since the last progress report?
  • What tasks are you going to do next?
  • Are you on track to complete the project on time? If not, why?
  • What obstacles have you encountered, and how will you overcome them?
  • Did you learn any lessons this month?

Step 5 Outline...

  • In most cases, you’ll start your report by explaining your results, conclusions, or recommendations. Then, explain how you got to this point and your reasoning, if applicable.
  • If you are about to make a controversial conclusion or recommendation, explain your process and reasoning first so your audience will be able to understand why you arrived at this idea.

Drafting a Work Report

Step 1 Use a cover or title page.

  • In some cases, you might also include a cover letter to explain why you wrote the report, what it includes, and what you think needs to be done next. This is more common for reports that have taken a long time to prepare or require an additional explanation before the reader looks at the report itself.
  • For a progress report, list your name, project name, date, and reporting period on a title page. Put each item on a separate line. You can label each line with “name,” “project name,” “date,” and “reporting period,” or you can just list the information. [8] X Research source
  • Ask your boss if there are specific recommendations for formatting your work report. They’re your best resource for preparing your report.

Step 2 Provide an executive summary detailing the key information.

  • You don’t need to summarize the entire report. Just focus on the most important ideas in the report, such as the key recommendations or conclusions you’re presenting.
  • If you’re writing a progress report, you can skip this section.

Step 3 Include a table of contents listing what’s in your report.

  • Use titles and headers for each section so your report is easy to read.
  • If you’re writing a progress report, you usually don’t need to include a table of contents, unless your boss prefers that you do. However, include titles and headers for each section to make it easier to navigate your report.

Step 4 Write an introduction...

  • Your introduction doesn’t need to be long. Be direct and specific so that your reader will understand the context and purpose without a lengthy explanation.
  • Write 2-4 paragraphs for your introduction.
  • For a progress report, your introduction should only be 1-2 paragraphs long. It should summarize your project and what you hope to accomplish. You might also preview the work you’ve completed and what you plan to do next.

Step 5 Explain the results or conclusions you’re presenting.

  • In most cases, this section will include an introductory paragraph and a list of the conclusions you reached.
  • Here’s what a conclusion might look like: “1. Our population is aging, leading to more health risks among our clientele.”
  • If you’re writing a progress report, you won’t have any results or conclusions to present. Instead, list your accomplishments or completed tasks in the section after your introduction. You might also provide a short 2-4 sentence paragraph in this section. However, a list is usually sufficient. You might list “Raised $200 to pay for festival tent,” “Contracted with Your Party Plan to manage festival planning,” and “Surveyed 1500 residents to gather public input.” [12] X Research source

Step 6 Give your recommendations for moving forward.

  • For example, you might write, “1. Train all employees to perform CPR.”
  • If you’re writing a progress report, you’ll instead list the next tasks or goals that you plan to accomplish in your upcoming work period. For example, you might list “Find vendors for the festival,” “Approve festival designs,” and “Order promotional posters.” [13] X Research source

Step 7 Discuss your process and reasoning for reaching your conclusions.

  • This includes a lengthier discussion of your research and evaluations.
  • This section should be the longest in your report.
  • If you’re writing a progress report, you can skip this section. In its place, include a section on the obstacles you faced while working on the project, as well as how you overcame them. [14] X Research source You might write, “Many residents didn’t return the survey because it didn’t include prepaid postage. Moving forward, we’ll include postage on our surveys or give residents the option of doing their survey digitally.”

Step 8 List any references you used in preparing your report.

  • Unless otherwise instructed, use APA formatting for business reports.
  • You can skip this section if you’re preparing a progress report.

Step 9 Provide appendices for materials like surveys, questionnaires, or emails.

  • For example, you might have “Appendix A,” “Appendix B,” and “Appendix C.”
  • If you’re writing a progress report, you don’t need to include this section.

Step 10 Include a short...

  • You might write, “The arts festival planning project is on track for completion on schedule. We’ve completed 90% of our pre-planning activities and are now shifting attention to purchasing materials. The project has no outstanding obstacles, but we will address any that arise in the future.”

Making Your Report Effective

Step 1 Use clear headings to help your audience navigate the report.

  • Your headings might include: Introduction, Completed Tasks, Goals for Next Quarter, Obstacles and Solutions, and Conclusion.
  • Tailor your headings to fit the information in your report.
  • For a progress report, your audience will likely be your supervisor, team, or clients. [16] X Research source

Step 2 Use simple, direct language to convey your ideas.

  • You would write, "Revenues are up 50% for the fourth quarter," rather than, "Revenues sky-rocketed by 50% to generate stellar fourth quarter earnings."

Step 3 Use concise writing to keep your report as brief as possible.

  • Keep in mind that some work reports may be long, as they may cover a lot of information. However, your writing should still be concise.
  • It's okay to write, "Sales increased over the last quarter after the sales staff implemented cold calling," rather than, "We saw an exponential increase in revenues over the past selling quarter as our talented, dedicated sales people began cold calling potential clients to ask them to purchase more products."
  • First, give an overall summary of the business. It should not be long. You have to grab the reader's attention right away. Or else no one will read a 100-page document. [19] X Research source
  • Then give an overall snapshot of where you are at financially, where you are in terms of the business and the team. [20] X Research source
  • After that, go into your past report and show that you have been making revenue in the current year. Then mention that you will try to take the business in a particular direction based on the trends.

Step 4 Express your ideas using objective and non-emotional language.

  • Rather than writing, "Disengaged staff members are low in morale, making the office feel like a soulless machine," you could write, "Staff members whose productivity numbers rated lower than others reported feeling disengaged."

Step 5 Avoid using slang, as well as the word

  • Keep your language professional throughout your report.

Step 6 Proofread your report to ensure it doesn't contain errors.

  • If you can, have someone else proofread your report for you, as it's difficult to spot all of your own mistakes.
  • If time allows, set aside your report for at least 24 hours before you proofread it.

Outline for a Work Report

written report job

Expert Q&A

  • After you write your first work report, you can use it as a template for future reports. Thanks Helpful 0 Not Helpful 0
  • Your workplace may have a template for work reports. Talk to your supervisor to see if you can use a template for your report. Thanks Helpful 0 Not Helpful 0
  • If you can, base your report format on an existing work report from your business or organization. Check the files at your office or ask your coworker or supervisor for a copy of an existing report. Thanks Helpful 0 Not Helpful 0

written report job

  • If you’re using an existing report as an example, don’t copy the wording in that report. This is plagiarism and will likely result in you facing professional consequences. Thanks Helpful 2 Not Helpful 0

You Might Also Like

Write a Report

  • ↑ https://www.unr.edu/writing-speaking-center/student-resources/writing-speaking-resources/how-to-write-a-business-report
  • ↑ https://www.cipd.org/uk/learning/support-for-students/currently-studying/business-report-writing/
  • ↑ https://www.grammarly.com/blog/how-to-write-a-report/
  • ↑ https://people.montefiore.uliege.be/mfonder/INFO0064/report_writing_instructions.pdf
  • ↑ https://www.e-education.psu.edu/styleforstudents/c6_p10.html
  • ↑ https://bizfluent.com/how-7883364-write-report-boss.html
  • ↑ https://www.auckland.ac.nz/en/engineering/current-students/undergraduate/practical-work/practical-work-reports.html
  • ↑ https://hrnews.co.uk/what-is-a-work-report-and-how-to-write-it/
  • ↑ https://wac.colostate.edu/docs/tipsheets/writing_business_reports.pdf

About This Article

Madison Boehm

To write a work report, use a cover or title page to provide the name of your report, the date, and the names of the authors. Next, provide a brief executive summary detailing the key information, such as the mission statement, objective, company information, and growth highlights. After your summary, include a table of contents listing what’s in your report. Then, at the beginning of your actual report, include an introduction that gives an overview of the report. After your introduction, give an overview of your research or evaluations and how your findings relate back to the topic of your report. Following the overview, give your recommendations for moving forward and conclude your report. To learn how to add an appendix to your report, keep reading! Did this summary help you? Yes No

  • Send fan mail to authors

Reader Success Stories

Christian Aymar

Christian Aymar

May 22, 2019

Did this article help you?

Christian Aymar

Peter Akpan

Dec 6, 2022

Am I a Narcissist or an Empath Quiz

Featured Articles

Study Efficiently

Trending Articles

How to Take the Perfect Thirst Trap

Watch Articles

Wrap a Round Gift

  • Terms of Use
  • Privacy Policy
  • Do Not Sell or Share My Info
  • Not Selling Info

wikiHow Tech Help Pro:

Develop the tech skills you need for work and life

Explore Jobs

  • Jobs Near Me
  • Remote Jobs
  • Full Time Jobs
  • Part Time Jobs
  • Entry Level Jobs
  • Work From Home Jobs

Find Specific Jobs

  • $15 Per Hour Jobs
  • $20 Per Hour Jobs
  • Hiring Immediately Jobs
  • High School Jobs
  • H1b Visa Jobs

Explore Careers

  • Business And Financial
  • Architecture And Engineering
  • Computer And Mathematical

Explore Professions

  • What They Do
  • Certifications
  • Demographics

Best Companies

  • Health Care
  • Fortune 500

Explore Companies

  • CEO And Executies
  • Resume Builder
  • Career Advice
  • Explore Majors
  • Questions And Answers
  • Interview Questions

Report Format: Elements And Example Report

  • What Is Figurative Language?
  • What Are Rhetorical Strategies?
  • What Is a Subject Matter Expert and What Do They Do?
  • What Is A Differentiation Strategy
  • What Is Job Order Costing
  • What Is Situational Analysis
  • Plan Of Action
  • Report Format
  • Law Of Diminishing Marginal Returns
  • Administrative Duties
  • Giving A Presentation
  • Organizational Behavior Management
  • Deductive Reasoning
  • Reflective Listening

Find a Job You Really Want In

Reports are a necessary part of a lot of jobs, as well as an integral part of business communication and record keeping. Knowing how to write an effective report can help with your career advancement, keeping track of information, and making sure that the right information ends up in the right place.

If you’ve been asked to write a report, read a report, or just want to know what a report is and how it works, this article will explain how to write one and why they’re important. Business writing is inherently regimented, which makes it easier for people to fill in for each other, and also helps with being able to pull out the relevant information quickly.

Key Takeaways

A work report is a document that presents information relevant to a part of your job.

Three of the most important elements of writing a work report are knowing your reader , determining your purpose, and making an outline.

All work reports should have a title page , summary/abstract, table of contents, statement of purpose, body, and conclusion.

Report Format: Elements And Example Report

What is a work report?

How to write a work report, work report format, work report example, types of work reports, final thoughts, report format faq.

  • Sign Up For More Advice and Jobs

The concept of a work report is simple – you’re presenting a document that shares information relevant to or part of your job. You’re most likely the expert or best authority on the topic you’re asked to discuss – that’s why you were tasked with the report.

Reports can take any number of forms, as long as they start as a written document. You can choose how you present your information or ideas, but you need to make sure whatever you write presents everything clearly.

Common reports people are asked to write for their jobs include memos, daily reports, sales analyses, meeting minutes, progress reports, annual reports, and compliance reports.

A work report can be any number of different documents on any number of subjects. However, business writing has dos and don’ts that you still need to follow. Maintaining professionalism is paramount, and a lot of that is prioritizing brevity. However, there are other aspects to consider as you draft your report.

Know your reader. The most important but often overlooked part of writing a report is making it relevant to your readers. Before you write anything down, think about who could be reading your report so you can present the information in the best way.

If you know it’s only your manager who wants to read a report on your progress of a project they’re deeply involved in, you’ll write differently than if you need to share your latest sales insights with the whole sales team and executive board .

Determine your purpose. Every report has some kind of goal to achieve. Maybe you just need to update your supervisor on your work for the week, or you need to present your ideas on how to restructure the HR department .

No matter your end goal, you need to make sure it’s clear before you set out to write your report. This will help you determine what information is important and relevant to the report, so you don’t overstuff it and overload your reader with too much extra background.

Do your research. Depending on the nature of the report, this is either paramount or less important. Either way, you want to make sure that you’re up to date on the information you’re including in the report, and that you’re familiar with it. Generally speaking, if you’re the person writing the report you’re the subject matter expert , so make sure you’re prepared.

If it’s a research report or a status report, then including statistics, charts, or other visual aids is a must. And that means that you need to understand what you’re talking about — which means research.

Make an outline. Keeping all of the different pieces of your business report clear can be hard, so help yourself out and create an outline. You should always have a few key elements, like a title page, a summary , a table of contents, a statement of purpose, the body of the report, and a conclusion.

Keep it short. Your coworkers will thank you if your report is concise but thorough. There’s no need to get fancy and make your report longer than it needs to be.

The odds are that your colleagues have other things to attend to, and reading your report isn’t at the top of their list, so keep it as short as you can without losing the necessary detail or background information.

Read through again. Once you have your report written, make sure you proofread it. Strong writers always take the time to edit their work, and going back again will allow you to check for grammar mistakes and make sure your writing is clear. You should take this chance to cut out any information that doesn’t need to be included or add clarification where your reader might have questions.

While there are many types of work reports, they should follow the same general format. The proper way to create an official report is to have a title page, summary, table of contents, a statement of purpose, a body, and a conclusion. Other sections can be added, and in informal correspondence, like memos, you may not need all of them.

Title page. Your report’s first page should be a title page that includes the project name, your name, your position, the date, and the company name. This can help give context to your work and give you credit for preparing the report.

Summary/abstract. Giving your readers a quick summary gives them the context of your report and can help them refresh their memories after they’ve read it. You can just include a few sentences to share the big picture of your report in this section.

Table of contents. If you have a particularly long report for work, you should include a table of contents, so your readers don’t get lost. You can just outline the different sections of the body of your report so they can easily find the information they need when they go back to review it.

Statement of purpose. You need to give your report an intro that states why you’re writing this report, why it’s important, and any other introductory information that’s important. It can be a brief introduction, but you should give some context and information, so your reader knows what to expect.

Body. This will be the longest section of your report. You need to provide all of the information you wish to communicate in this part of the report and properly explain everything. Depending on what you need to share, this section can be a paragraph or pages long. Feel free to break up your body into more sections so that your reader can follow along better.

Conclusion. The conclusion should include any wrap-up information you want to include, like suggestions for the future, big takeaways, or summarizing your learnings. The conclusion shouldn’t just summarize what your body said, but talk about future steps or why your report is important.

Here’s an example of a shorter report meant to update the recipient on the progress of the candidate search for an open position:

HR Update December 20, 2022 Prepared by: Jane Smith, Hiring Director XYZ Company This report provides an update on the progress of filling the Communications Coordinator position here at XYZ Company in the Communications Department. We began the hiring process in September, posted our job description in mid-October, and began looking at candidates in early November. Please refer to the previous November report for more detail on the initial candidate screenings. As it stands, we currently have six candidates in the second round of our interview process. Each of them passed their first-round interviews with Christine Johnson or me and impressed the hiring committee. We will wrap up second-round interviews with candidates before the end of the year. We have been discussing benefits and pay to be allocated to the new employee within the HR department and the Accounting department. Since this is a part-time position, we are nailing down the finer details of which benefits packages we can offer the candidate. Accounting is helping us finalize a number based on the amount of work the Communications department expects this position to take on. In order to complete this hiring process, we will need to cut one or two candidates after the second round interview, give the remaining ones an exercise to complete, and then narrow down to the top three candidates. Once we have ranked the top three candidates, we will offer the first-choice candidate the position. If they don’t accept, we’ll move to candidate two. We will also need to finalize the benefits package and pay with Accounting before we can offer any candidate the job. We expect to finalize this in the next few days, ahead of the completion of our second round of interviews. I expect that we will be able to offer our top choice candidate the position by the end of the first week in January. The holiday time off will slightly delay the process, but we’ll be ready to have someone join the team by the middle of January. This is slightly behind our initial schedule of a January 4th start date, but the Communications department has no issue with the delay.

Work report is a generic term that can apply to any number of documents. Depending on where you work and what you position is, you’ll likely have certain types of reports you’re expected to produce. Here are some of the most common varieties.

Annual reports

Weekly reports

Project reports

Sales reports

Marketing reports

Research reports

Department reports

Industry reports

Progress reports

Analytical reports

Product reports

Operational reports

Informational report

Proposal report

Meeting minutes

Compliance report

No matter what role, industry, or field you’re in, you’ll have to write a report at some point. Maybe you spearheaded a groundbreaking project, and you want to share your amazing success and learnings with your team, or perhaps you did some important research that would benefit your company to hear.

There are all kinds of situations where writing a report for work is needed, and all kinds of ways you can present your information.

Business reports are crucial to ensuring your valuable knowledge, information, and insights get shared with the right people. It’s not always possible to bring everyone into a room and have you present, but having a written report makes it easier to share your knowledge with everyone.

But just writing a report doesn’t always get your point across. Writing a thorough, clear, and engaging report is key to showing off your success. We’re here to help you write any kind of report you need.

Why should you follow standard report writing format?

The reason that you should follow standard report writing format is because then everyone knows how to read and interpret the report. Reports have a standard format to make it easier to read them quickly and get the information you’re looking for.

It’s also professional to follow the proper format for a report. Exactly how you deliver the report itself can vary — it can be a presentation, or a meeting, or just the paper itself. But whatever the case, you always need a written version for business records.

How do you write an effective business report?

If you want to write a good report for work, you need to focus on the tenets of business writing: brevity, clarity, and professionalism. Business reports should clearly convey the information needed in the least amount of time possible.

Following the standard business report format will help you with this as it steers you towards efficacy. Putting the report in a standard format also makes it easier of your readers to navigate, so that they can pull out the information they need more quickly.

Harvard Business Review — the Science of Strong Business Writing

University of Nevada, Reno — How to Write a Business Report

How useful was this post?

Click on a star to rate it!

Average rating / 5. Vote count:

No votes so far! Be the first to rate this post.

' src=

Amanda is a writer with experience in various industries, including travel, real estate, and career advice. After taking on internships and entry-level jobs, she is familiar with the job search process and landing that crucial first job. Included in her experience is work at an employer/intern matching startup where she marketed an intern database to employers and supported college interns looking for work experience.

Recent Job Searches

  • Registered Nurse Jobs Resume Location
  • Truck Driver Jobs Resume Location
  • Call Center Representative Jobs Resume Location
  • Customer Service Representative Jobs Resume
  • Delivery Driver Jobs Resume Location
  • Warehouse Worker Jobs Resume Location
  • Account Executive Jobs Resume Location
  • Sales Associate Jobs Resume Location
  • Licensed Practical Nurse Jobs Resume Location
  • Company Driver Jobs Resume

Related posts

Most Important Negotiation Skills

Top 10 Most Important Negotiation Skills You Need To Know

Core Competencies for Your Resume

Core Competencies For Your Resume (With Examples)

written report job

50 Jobs That Use Photoshop The Most

written report job

50 Jobs That Use Payroll The Most

  • Career Advice >
  • On-demand Video Interviews
  • Live Interviews and Scheduling
  • Applicant Tracking Software
  • Interview Questions & Job Descriptions
  • Careers Page Builder
  • Assessments, evaluation, testing
  • AI Assistant & Virtual Recruiter
  • Plagiarism Checker
  • Integrations
  • Mobile Applications
  • Collaboration Tools
  • Tutorials & Help Center
  • Quick Product Tour (2 min video)
  • Free Job Description Templates
  • ROI Calculator
  • Developer Resources
  • API Reference
  • System Status
  • Interview Prep
  • Search for jobs
  • Resume Builder
  • Resume Templates
  • Resume Examples

Report Writer Job Description Template

The Report Writer job description template is designed to assist organizations in finding the perfect candidate for the position of Report Writer. A Report Writer's primary responsibility is to create and compile reports based on data collected from various sources. This job requires excellent writing skills, attention to detail, and the ability to manage large amounts of information. The template provides a clear outline of the expectations and responsibilities of the position, helping organizations attract the ideal candidate to fill this essential role.

Job Overview

A Report Writer is responsible for researching, writing, and distributing reports that provide insights and analysis on various topics related to the organization. As a Report Writer, you will work closely with stakeholders to understand their objectives and prepare reports that meet their needs.

Key Responsibilities

  • Conduct in-depth research on assigned topics and synthesize complex information to develop reports that meet the requirements of stakeholders
  • Collaborate with stakeholders to understand their objectives and provide recommendations on how to structure reports to achieve their goals
  • Write and edit reports, ensuring accuracy, clarity, and coherence of content
  • Develop visual aids like charts, graphs, and tables to present data and analysis effectively
  • Stay up-to-date on industry trends and best practices to ensure the reports are relevant and useful
  • Assist in analyzing the effectiveness of the reports and identifying opportunities for improvement
  • Communicate findings and recommendations to stakeholders in a clear and concise manner


  • Bachelor's degree in journalism, communications, business, or a related field
  • Strong research and writing skills with the ability to synthesize complex information
  • Excellent communication and interpersonal skills
  • Attention to detail and ability to work under tight deadlines
  • Experience in data analysis and visualization preferred
  • Proficiency in Microsoft Office and other relevant software programs


When a company is looking to hire a Report Writer, it's important to create a job posting that will attract the right candidates. A well-written job posting should clearly outline the skills and qualifications required for the role, as well as provide information on the company and its culture. In this article, we will provide a step-by-step guide on how to create a Report Writer job posting that will help you find the best candidates for your organization.

Job Title and Overview

The first step in creating a Report Writer job posting is to come up with a job title and overview that accurately reflects the role. The job title should be concise and easy to understand. For example, "Report Writer" or "Business Intelligence Analyst" might be a good choice.

In the job overview, provide a brief summary of the position, its responsibilities, and the skills and experience required. This section should give candidates a good idea of what the job entails and what they can expect from the role.


For example, "Create and maintain reports using SQL Server Reporting Services" is more specific than "Create reports."

Qualifications and Skills

Qualifications might include education, certifications, or years of experience. Skills might include proficiency in SQL, experience with data visualization tools, or excellent communication skills.

Company Overview

Application process.

Finally, outline the application process in this section. Let candidates know how and where to apply, and what the next steps will be. If you have a specific timeline in mind, be sure to mention that as well.

Be sure to include any specific requirements for the application, such as a writing sample or a specific subject line for the email.

Creating a well-written and detailed job posting is crucial in attracting the right candidates for the role. By following these steps, you can create a Report Writer job posting that will help you find the best candidate for your organization.

FAQs on Creating a Report Writer Job Posting

When looking for a skilled and experienced report writer, it’s essential to create a thorough job posting. A job posting that accurately reflects what you’re looking for will help you attract the right candidates. However, creating a job posting that stands out and is compelling enough can be challenging. Here are some frequently asked questions about creating a report writer job posting that can help you create one that will attract the right candidates.

1. What should I include in a report writer job posting?

  • A brief overview of your organization and the role
  • Required experience, skills, and qualifications
  • The responsibilities of the job
  • Salary range and benefits (if possible)
  • The location of the job and any travel requirements
  • How to apply and what the application process entails

2. How can I make my report writer job posting stand out?

To make your job posting more attractive to candidates, make sure it is concise and informative. Tell the candidate about the company culture, the tools they will use, and the impact their work will have. Be sure to highlight the job’s benefits, such as flexible hours, work from home options, and growth opportunities.

3. What are the essential skills I should look for in a report writer?

  • Excellent writing and communication skills
  • Data analysis and interpretation skills
  • Computer proficiency
  • Attention to detail and accuracy

4. Are there any tips for writing effective job descriptions?

It's essential to use a clear and concise language that precisely describes the job responsibilities and requirements. Using bullet points and short paragraphs makes the job posting more accessible to read. Consider using active voice, and make sure you define any keywords that may not be familiar to candidates.

5. What are some common mistakes to avoid when creating a report writer job posting?

  • Don't focus too much on irrelevant details
  • Ensure that you don't under or overstate the role's requirements
  • Consider not having too many requirements, which may deter candidates
  • Make sure you only include requirements that are necessary for the job

By following these guidelines, you should be able to create a comprehensive and informative job posting that will attract suitable candidates. Remember, a thorough and well-structured job posting will help you build a strong pool of candidates for your report writer position.

Related Job Descriptions

Start saving time and money on recruiting.

Start today for free to discover how we can help you hire the best talents.

Get Started!

This site uses cookies to make it work properly, help us to understand how it’s used and to display content that is more relevant to you. For more information, see our Privacy Policy

Resume Builder

  • Resume Experts
  • Search Jobs
  • Search for Talent
  • Employer Branding
  • Outplacement

Report Writer Job Description

Report writer duties & responsibilities.

To write an effective report writer job description, begin by listing detailed duties, responsibilities and expectations. We have included report writer job description templates that you can modify and use.

Sample responsibilities for this position include:

Report Writer Qualifications

Qualifications for a job description may include education, certification, and experience.

Licensing or Certifications for Report Writer

List any licenses or certifications required by the position: ASE, ICAR, EPIC, CEE, IAT, SQL

Education for Report Writer

Typically a job would require a certain level of education.

Employers hiring for the report writer job most commonly would prefer for their future employee to have a relevant degree such as Bachelor's and Associate Degree in Computer Science, Education, Information Systems, Business, Healthcare, Management, Information Technology, Technical, Statistics, Finance

Skills for Report Writer

Desired skills for report writer include:

Desired experience for report writer includes:

Report Writer Examples

  • Microsoft Word (.docx) .DOCX
  • PDF Document (.pdf) .PDF
  • Image File (.png) .PNG
  • Brainstorms report topics with the team
  • Works with Research Director and the team to write quantitative and qualitative survey questions
  • Observes in-person focus groups
  • The consultant will be home based, Kabul, Afghanistan
  • Mines information from databases in a variety of formats such as XML, TXT, CVS
  • Generate reports, charts and dashboards to allow management to track business information
  • Design, build and manage internal applications to automate specific business processes
  • Design, produce and validate reports using reporting writing software primarily focused in relational databases having an intermediate level understanding how different data elements interact from various data sources including data warehouse, Excel, text files and other proprietary tables and databases
  • Work with report end users to determine data requirements to design output format and to validate results for both ad hoc and scheduled reports for internal use
  • Schedule report runs, update report logs and verify report creation and delivery
  • Four (4) or more years of demonstrated experience with relational database queries and transactions, including stored procedures
  • Demonstrated experience designing, creating, testing, and implementing complex reports using Crystal Reports and/or Business Objects Enterprise reporting tools
  • Masters degree in IT or related field desired
  • Certified in at least one of Epic’s data model
  • Ability to translate user requirements into functional & design specifications
  • Active in youth culture and trends
  • Contribute to documentation of policies, practices, and operational controls
  • May require script development as needed using visual Basic and other comparable tools
  • Review existing SAS or ad hoc data extractions intermittently to determine if they should be converted to production reports
  • Develop automated processes to eliminate manual procedures ensuring improved quality, increased accuracy, and reduced processing time
  • Understands business needs and requirements to create proper report design
  • Analyze and recommend new opportunities for operational efficiencies
  • Recommend solutions and/or create/run reports to support error resolution
  • Resolve coding issues identified during batch processing
  • Participate with internal and external testing efforts
  • Generation of the first cut (sample) export field to be reviewed by Strata and/or Riverside for Epic PB data
  • Passion for marketing, advertising & branding
  • Interest in research and data analysis
  • Bachelor’s Degree (or equivalent), preferably in a scientific discipline
  • Previous experience in an FDA regulated environment preferred
  • Basic knowledge of GLP/GMPs as applicable to assigned tasks
  • Ability to write routine reports with proper grammar, a professional appearance and language which accurately reflects what occurred and flows so that it is easily read and understood
  • Perform continuous quality assurance prior to releasing deliverables to users
  • Supports and troubleshoots issues/questions posed by department leadership
  • Complies with governmental and university regulations such as HIPAA, GRAMA, U Policy 4-001, and U Policy 4-004
  • Analyze, design, develop and integrate marketing technologies (initiatives, campaigns, and analyzing results) that optimize and improve our Company's abilities to deliver a better customer experience
  • Analyze and develop digital marketing performance reports for paid/unpaid searches and other programs as assigned in order to improve our Company's success metrics
  • Analyze top competitor's digital strategies to create insights that will use to develop new strategies to drive future initiatives and increase sales
  • Develop monthly digital reports and ad hoc CRM analysis as needed
  • Primary reporting responsibility will be on website and mobile traffic from our customers
  • Responsible for ongoing QA for each of the various branded websites by establishing checks and balances that are monitored daily and when new content or features are created on the site
  • Analyze and support tire review database and associated email program
  • Intermediate technical knowledge and ability to analyze data of some scientific complexity
  • Basic knowledge of applicable computer systems
  • Ability to perform and understand scientific calculations
  • Experience consolidating Data from multiple sources into Excel into a user friendly format
  • Visual Basic Skills (Can write Macros)
  • Write Custom Functions in Excel
  • Develop SQL queries, stored procedures, and datasets that support goal oriented and ad hoc reporting requests
  • Ability to program/create stored procedures, views, tables to support reporting development
  • Develop and manage large amounts of data and the ability to extract meaningful insights
  • Create standard reports as requested by various customers
  • Review Various Aged Trial Balance Reports, Vendor Reports, any special project reports
  • Maintain follow-up procedures and working relationships with area responsible for the information, including
  • Work with supervision, management and the patient accounting staff to improve processes, increase accuracy, create efficiencies and achieve the overall goals of the department
  • Respond to work requests that result in Business Intelligence reports, ad hocs and counts based on internal customer needs
  • Create, manage and analyze customized database reports
  • Perform data analysis, data querying, and data validation functions
  • Leverage Existing Functions in Excel (i.e Vlookup)
  • Query Building
  • Experience cleansing data and high level of attention to detail
  • Computer Science/Engineering Degree considered an asset
  • Must possess an active Secret clearance or the ability to obtain and maintain a Secret clearance
  • Bachelor’s degree – computer science, engineering, accounting, finance, management information Systems or other related field
  • Create scripts for importing, exporting, analyzing and mapping data
  • Demonstrate outstanding communication skills to translate reporting requests in order to accurately meet the actual information and deadline needs of users
  • Collaborate with business stakeholders and internal customers to understand their needs
  • Troubleshoot and facilitate solutions for report issues
  • Works closely with the Advancement Information Services team to deal with a wide variety of functions relating to the development, implementation, maintenance, documentation, use and support of computer-based development information systems
  • Analyzes business needs by exploring relationships in collections of information and by holding discussions and requirements gathering sessions with other Advancement Information Services members in order to provide unified Business Intelligence (BI) solutions for stakeholders
  • Creates, analyzes, and validates detailed functional specifications for BI solutions
  • Builds and implements BI solutions that support data ingestion, processing, and visualizations of metrics critical to Advancement
  • Responsible for the development and maintenance of documentation for all assigned BI solutions
  • Identifies patterns and trends and provides new insights to Advancement
  • At least 3 years – preferably 5 years – of progressively responsible experience in HR or financial system support activities, data warehouse support activities, or business - higher education industry experience strongly preferred
  • Knowledge of HR or financial applications, accounting systems and modern data analysis and reporting tools
  • Recognized post-graduate degree (preferably PhD) in environment studies, environmental economics, natural resource economics, or other relevant disciplines such as Economics, Sociology, and Management with research experience in the field of environment, natural resources management and development
  • At least 7 years of relevant experience in extractives and/or mining sector, natural resource management, poverty and human development
  • Experience and track record in conducting statistical analysis, empirical studies
  • Excellent writing and analytical skills in development-related subject areas

Related Job Descriptions

Create a Resume in Minutes with Professional Resume Templates

I am an Employer

I am a candidate.

written report job

20+ Sample Job Report in PDF | MS Word

job report image

Job Report | MS Word

20+ sample job report, what is a job report, different kinds of jobs available, skills needed in a job, steps in writing a job report, how do you write a job report, what is a work evaluation report, what should be included in a report.

Job Accident Report Form

Job Accident Report Form

Job Creation Compliance Report

Job Creation Compliance Report

Job Creation Retention Report

Job Creation & Retention Report

Job Development Monthly Report Form

Job Development Monthly Report Form

Job End Report

Job End Report

Job Training Program Contractor Annual Report

Job Training Program Contractor Annual Report

Report of Job Injury or Illness

Report of Job Injury or Illness

Job Shadowing Report

Job Shadowing Report

Job Openings and Labor Turnover Report

Job Openings and Labor Turnover Report

Job Training Reporting Form

Job Training Reporting Form

Job Observation Reports

Job Observation Report

Form to Report Job Availability

Form to Report Job Availability

Job Near Miss Report

Job Near Miss Report

Job Search Report

Job Search Report

Employment and Training Job Search Notice and Report

Employment and Training Job Search Notice and Report

Reporting Job Creation or Retention Data Collection

Reporting Job Creation or Retention Data Collection

Employee on the Job Illness Report

Employee on the Job Illness Report

Job Report Run Request Form

Job Report Run Request Form

Job Completion Report

Job Completion Report

Job Search Skills Final Report

Job Search Skills Final Report

Job Incident Report

Job Incident Report

Step 1: describe the job responsibilities, step 2: create a rubric for report, step 3: identify your own personal strengths and weaknesses., step 4: give recommendations, share this post on your network, you may also like these articles, 55+ sample assessment report templates in pdf | ms word | google docs | apple pages.

assessment report

In the 20th century, Kodak ruled the photographic film industry. Fast forward to 2012, how come Kodak filed for bankruptcy? As we dig further into the past, Kodak engineer…

32+ SAMPLE Meeting Summary Report in PDF | MS Word | Google Docs | Apple Pages

meeting summary report image

In our job, a board meeting agenda is a vital element that we usually have. This makes all the team members feel that they are trusted and that they…

browse by categories

  • Questionnaire
  • Description
  • Reconciliation
  • Certificate
  • Spreadsheet


  • privacy policy
  • Terms & Conditions

written report job

Create a form in Word that users can complete or print

In Word, you can create a form that others can fill out and save or print.  To do this, you will start with baseline content in a document, potentially via a form template.  Then you can add content controls for elements such as check boxes, text boxes, date pickers, and drop-down lists. Optionally, these content controls can be linked to database information.  Following are the recommended action steps in sequence.  

Show the Developer tab

In Word, be sure you have the Developer tab displayed in the ribbon.  (See how here:  Show the developer tab .)

Open a template or a blank document on which to base the form

You can start with a template or just start from scratch with a blank document.

Start with a form template

Go to File > New .

In the  Search for online templates  field, type  Forms or the kind of form you want. Then press Enter .

In the displayed results, right-click any item, then select  Create. 

Start with a blank document 

Select Blank document .

Add content to the form

Go to the  Developer  tab Controls section where you can choose controls to add to your document or form. Hover over any icon therein to see what control type it represents. The various control types are described below. You can set properties on a control once it has been inserted.

To delete a content control, right-click it, then select Remove content control  in the pop-up menu. 

Note:  You can print a form that was created via content controls. However, the boxes around the content controls will not print.

Insert a text control

The rich text content control enables users to format text (e.g., bold, italic) and type multiple paragraphs. To limit these capabilities, use the plain text content control . 

Click or tap where you want to insert the control.

Rich text control button

To learn about setting specific properties on these controls, see Set or change properties for content controls .

Insert a picture control

A picture control is most often used for templates, but you can also add a picture control to a form.

Picture control button

Insert a building block control

Use a building block control  when you want users to choose a specific block of text. These are helpful when you need to add different boilerplate text depending on the document's specific purpose. You can create rich text content controls for each version of the boilerplate text, and then use a building block control as the container for the rich text content controls.

building block gallery control

Select Developer and content controls for the building block.

Developer tab showing content controls

Insert a combo box or a drop-down list

In a combo box, users can select from a list of choices that you provide or they can type in their own information. In a drop-down list, users can only select from the list of choices.

combo box button

Select the content control, and then select Properties .

To create a list of choices, select Add under Drop-Down List Properties .

Type a choice in Display Name , such as Yes , No , or Maybe .

Repeat this step until all of the choices are in the drop-down list.

Fill in any other properties that you want.

Note:  If you select the Contents cannot be edited check box, users won’t be able to click a choice.

Insert a date picker

Click or tap where you want to insert the date picker control.

Date picker button

Insert a check box

Click or tap where you want to insert the check box control.

Check box button

Use the legacy form controls

Legacy form controls are for compatibility with older versions of Word and consist of legacy form and Active X controls.

Click or tap where you want to insert a legacy control.

Legacy control button

Select the Legacy Form control or Active X Control that you want to include.

Set or change properties for content controls

Each content control has properties that you can set or change. For example, the Date Picker control offers options for the format you want to use to display the date.

Select the content control that you want to change.

Go to Developer > Properties .

Controls Properties  button

Change the properties that you want.

Add protection to a form

If you want to limit how much others can edit or format a form, use the Restrict Editing command:

Open the form that you want to lock or protect.

Select Developer > Restrict Editing .

Restrict editing button

After selecting restrictions, select Yes, Start Enforcing Protection .

Restrict editing panel

Advanced Tip:

If you want to protect only parts of the document, separate the document into sections and only protect the sections you want.

To do this, choose Select Sections in the Restrict Editing panel. For more info on sections, see Insert a section break .

Sections selector on Resrict sections panel

If the developer tab isn't displayed in the ribbon, see Show the Developer tab .

Open a template or use a blank document

To create a form in Word that others can fill out, start with a template or document and add content controls. Content controls include things like check boxes, text boxes, and drop-down lists. If you’re familiar with databases, these content controls can even be linked to data.

Go to File > New from Template .

New from template option

In Search, type form .

Double-click the template you want to use.

Select File > Save As , and pick a location to save the form.

In Save As , type a file name and then select Save .

Start with a blank document

Go to File > New Document .

New document option

Go to File > Save As .

Go to Developer , and then choose the controls that you want to add to the document or form. To remove a content control, select the control and press Delete. You can set Options on controls once inserted. From Options, you can add entry and exit macros to run when users interact with the controls, as well as list items for combo boxes, .

Adding content controls to your form

In the document, click or tap where you want to add a content control.

On Developer , select Text Box , Check Box , or Combo Box .

Developer tab with content controls

To set specific properties for the control, select Options , and set .

Repeat steps 1 through 3 for each control that you want to add.

Set options

Options let you set common settings, as well as control specific settings. Select a control and then select Options to set up or make changes.

Set common properties.

Select Macro to Run on lets you choose a recorded or custom macro to run on Entry or Exit from the field.

Bookmark Set a unique name or bookmark for each control.

Calculate on exit This forces Word to run or refresh any calculations, such as total price when the user exits the field.

Add Help Text Give hints or instructions for each field.

OK Saves settings and exits the panel.

Cancel Forgets changes and exits the panel.

Set specific properties for a Text box

Type Select form Regular text, Number, Date, Current Date, Current Time, or Calculation.

Default text sets optional instructional text that's displayed in the text box before the user types in the field. Set Text box enabled to allow the user to enter text into the field.

Maximum length sets the length of text that a user can enter. The default is Unlimited .

Text format can set whether text automatically formats to Uppercase , Lowercase , First capital, or Title case .

Text box enabled Lets the user enter text into a field. If there is default text, user text replaces it.

Set specific properties for a Check box .

Default Value Choose between Not checked or checked as default.

Checkbox size Set a size Exactly or Auto to change size as needed.

Check box enabled Lets the user check or clear the text box.

Set specific properties for a Combo box

Drop-down item Type in strings for the list box items. Press + or Enter to add an item to the list.

Items in drop-down list Shows your current list. Select an item and use the up or down arrows to change the order, Press - to remove a selected item.

Drop-down enabled Lets the user open the combo box and make selections.

Protect the form

Go to Developer > Protect Form .

Protect form button on the Developer tab

Note:  To unprotect the form and continue editing, select Protect Form again.

Save and close the form.

Test the form (optional)

If you want, you can test the form before you distribute it.

Protect the form.

Reopen the form, fill it out as the user would, and then save a copy.

Creating fillable forms isn’t available in Word for the web.

You can create the form with the desktop version of Word with the instructions in Create a fillable form .

When you save the document and reopen it in Word for the web, you’ll see the changes you made.


Need more help?

Want more options.

Explore subscription benefits, browse training courses, learn how to secure your device, and more.

written report job

Microsoft 365 subscription benefits

written report job

Microsoft 365 training

written report job

Microsoft security

written report job

Accessibility center

Communities help you ask and answer questions, give feedback, and hear from experts with rich knowledge.

written report job

Ask the Microsoft Community

written report job

Microsoft Tech Community

written report job

Windows Insiders

Microsoft 365 Insiders

Was this information helpful?

Thank you for your feedback.

Job Postings

Find employment opportunities with legislatures, states and public policy organizations.

Posted February 13, 2024

Pew Charitable Trusts

Senior Associate, State Budget Policy, State Fiscal Health

Washington, D.C.


Posted February 8, 2024

Fiscal Risk, Research and Writing Officer

Posted February 2, 2024

Sunset Advisory Commission

Review Director

Austin, Texas

Starting Salary: $110,000-$150,000 p/year

Posted February 1, 2024

Senior Associate, Civic Science Fellow, Evidence Project

Washington, D

Associate I, Evidence Project

Senior associate, evidence project.

Full Time (On-site)

March 14, 2204

Job Overview

The senior associate plays an important role in helping policymakers enact data-driven reforms that deliver lasting results for state budgets. Reporting to the associate manager, state fiscal health, the senior associate will provide strategic guidance and support on the project's lines of work by performing research and analysis on issues impacting state budget sustainability, and by using qualitative and quantitative skills to advance technical assistance efforts and other priorities. State Fiscal Health The state fiscal health project helps states advance sound, data-driven policies and practices that build fiscally well-managed states. The project: 1) conducts independent and nonpartisan research that documents states' fiscal and economic challenges and opportunities to address them; 2) provides targeted technical assistance that helps state and local policymakers design and execute policies that improve their governments' long-term fiscal health; 3) designs and promotes fiscal management models and tools that help state and local government officials evaluate policy options; and 4) supports networks and seminars that engage and educate key stakeholders.


  • Foster a work environment that is diverse, equitable, inclusive, and accessible and in line with Pew and the project's related goals.
  • Collaborate with project leadership and contribute to explorations of new topics in state fiscal health. Identify key policy issues, develop research questions, conduct and coordinate research efforts, and prepare internal written materials and external publications.
  • Serve as a technical expert to support the project's work on long-term budget assessments, budget stress testing, and other relevant issues.
  • In collaboration with project leadership, help develop and execute engagement strategies, state-specific research, and technical assistance materials.
  • Build and maintain a deep understanding of the policy and political landscape across states; identify and monitor emerging issues relevant to project issue focus and project goals.
  • Contribute writing and editing support to projects as new research products are developed, including major reports, issue briefs, and shorter pieces of timely content.
  • Identify and cultivate relationships with subject-matter experts, key organizations, and in-state stakeholders to support the project's research agenda and to advance project goals.
  • Represent the project and Pew at conferences, meetings, and other events, including preparing materials for distribution and making presentations. Contribute to and participate in broader portfolio and Pew-wide projects and activities as assigned.


  • Exceptional writing and editing skills. Demonstrated ability to work independently and collaboratively to produce a variety of written products for a range of audiences.
  • Aptitude with Excel required. Experience with statistical software (e.g., Stata, EViews, etc.) is desirable.
  • Demonstrated project and time-management skills, including thinking strategically and creatively, juggling multiple priorities, and adjusting to changing circumstances.
  • Strong analytical skills, including synthesizing information and identifying themes.
  • Excellent oral communication skills and work professionally and collegially.
  • Aptitude to apply a non-partisan, evidence-based approach to projects and campaigns that require support across the political spectrum.
  • Bachelor's degree or equivalent experience.
  • Generally, four years of applicable experience.

Key attributes and preferred experience  

  • Previous experience working with state or local governments, or in an executive budget or legislative analyst office setting.
  • Skillful at setting short- and long-term planning goals in line with program strategies.
  • Natural interpersonal skills and diplomacy with cultural sensitivity.

Work Environment

Travel This position requires occasional domestic travel to meetings and conferences. Located in Pew's Washington D.C. office, this position will participate in Pew's core in-office days on Tuesdays and Wednesdays with flexibility to work from home the remainder of each week. Candidates must be legally authorized to work in the country for which they are seeking employment without visa sponsorship.

Total Rewards We offer a competitive salary and benefit program, including: comprehensive, affordable health care through medical, dental, and vision coverage; financial security with life and disability insurance; opportunities to save using health savings and flexible spending accounts; retirement benefits to help prepare for the future; and work/life benefits to maintain a good balance.

About the Organization

The Pew Charitable Trusts is an equal opportunity employer, committed to a diverse and inclusive workplace. Pew considers qualified applicants for employment without regard to age, sex, ethnicity, religion, disability, marital status, sexual orientation or gender identity, military/veteran status, or any other basis prohibited by applicable law.  

Contact NCSL

For more information on this topic, use this form to reach NCSL staff.

  • What is your role? Legislator Legislative Staff Other
  • Admin Email

Submit a Job Announcement

List your legislative, governmental or policy-related job. Fees may apply.

written report job

In 1936, John Gunther predicted the next nine years’ darkness.

A few days after war was declared in September 1939, Winston Churchill sat listening with interest to the much-traveled American journalist John Gunther. Hitler was on the march and Churchill must have had a lot on his mind, but Gunther’s book Inside Europe , first published in 1936, had made him an instant authority on European affairs. Since he had been in Moscow on the very day the Nazi-Soviet pact was announced, August 24, 1939, Churchill was keen to get Gunther’s impression of how this stunning, globe-shaking maneuver had been received on the streets of Moscow.

What exactly Gunther told Churchill is not known, but what Churchill said to Gunther was memorable. “Russia”, he declared, brooding aloud about the Soviet Union, and rehearsing lines that would later become famous in a more polished form, was “a mystery in a mystery in a mystery.”

Gunther’s audience with Churchill was no fluke, no one-off. During the 1930s and 1940s John Gunther, reporter extraordinary, was probably the most famous American newsman of them all. He was proud to be numbered on the death list kept by Hitler’s Gestapo in Germany, and even more proud of the illustrious company he kept back in the United States. Gunther was a friend of both Franklin D. Roosevelt and Dwight Eisenhower.

Gunther made his name with Inside Europe , the huge eve-of-war success that won him his talk with Churchill. But he followed it by assiduously anatomizing the globe, continent by continent, with Inside Asia (1939), Inside Latin America (1941), Inside Africa (1955) and Inside Russia Today (1957). While the later works show signs of being rushed when set beside Inside Europe , they were packed with information and good writing, if not with comparable insight. Gunther remained at least a minor celebrity up until his death at age 68 in May 1970.

Gunther was, after all, one of modern America’s first journalist stars. In his heyday in New York he threw parties at his home for the likes of John Steinbeck, Salvador Dali, and the Duke and Duchess of Windsor. Inside Russia was dedicated to his good friend Greta Garbo. He spent perhaps more time than was sensible with gossip columnists Walter Winchell and Elsa Maxwell in places like the Stork Club and 21. Even so, his books were translated into ninety languages and sold millions of copies around the world.

F or all his continuing fame, nothing Gunther wrote after World War II (except perhaps Death Be Not Proud , a memoir about his teenage son’s struggle with a fatal cancer) achieved the success of Inside Europe , a remarkably prescient early warning of what the Nazis had in store for Germany, Europe and the world. Just as a writer like Robert D. Kaplan has in our own day played the role of a modern Cassandra by pointing to the tribalization of politics and the descent of entire Third World regions into anarchy, in his day Gunther warned of the ugly European forces that were leading step by perilous step to World War II.

April 14, 1958 [credit: Getty Images]

Inside Europe wasn’t a paperback, but it sold briskly all the same. It was particularly popular in Great Britain, especially when it first appeared in 1936. At the cheaper end of the British market in the 1930s books were selling for sixpence, but this was a thumping 500-page hardback retailing at thirty shillings, or sixty times that price. That didn’t slow sales one bit. According to a recent account of its history, in its first year Inside Europe sold 65,000 copies at about a thousand copies per week and continued to sell during 1937 at the same rate. By 1939 it had sold nearly 120,000 copies and continued to turn over throughout World War II. John Gunther was the best-selling American author of non-fiction in Britain since Mark Twain.

There were three reasons for this success. The first was timing. Appearing in January 1936 in London published by Hamish Hamilton, and later by Harper & Brothers in the United States, Inside Europe provided a close literary echo, scene by scene and act by fateful act, of the international drama of the times. Running steadily through thirty regularly updated impressions and several editions, its publishing history climaxed in the “Peace Edition” of October 1938—the month when German troops marched into Czechoslovakia.

In the words of historian John Lukacs, “1938 was Hitler’s year.” It saw the annexation of Austria, Neville Chamberlain’s capitulation at Munich and the occupation of Czechoslovakia. Readers of the October 1938 “Peace Edition” were able to follow these developments almost as they happened. Not only were they given brilliant thumbnail sketches of the Nazis in Germany (along with a matchless photograph of Herman Göring at a reception, an enormous thug draped with braids and medals confronting a demurely gowned lady from Japan), but there were also incisive studies, accompanied by two dozen photographs, of the whole tragicomic gallery in Austria, Czechoslovakia, France, Spain, Italy, the Balkans and Eastern Europe. Gunther managed also to nail the United Kingdom itself, where, through May 1940, the struggle between Churchill and his domestic opponents had yet to play out.

As far as the photographs are concerned, the one striking exception to their high illustrative quality overall is the shot of Josef Stalin. This is a typical blurry Soviet retouch job, where the crude hand of some studio helot can be seen brushing the hair, brightening the eyes and putting a smile on the despot’s face. All too lamentably, this pictorial failing extends to the text in Gunther’s last chapters about Stalin and the USSR—a fact to which we will return in due course.

The second reason for the book’s success was that its content had real depth. Though Gunther’s later work was often based on visits of only days or weeks, Inside Europe drew on a dozen years of research and reporting from every European capital; on personally investigating Hitler’s Austrian background and personally witnessing events like the Reichstag fire trial; on continually sharing information with journalist colleagues such as Dorothy Thompson, Vincent Sheean, H.R. Knickerbocker and William Shirer; and on meetings with literary acquaintances like Sinclair Lewis and Rebecca West.

The third reason for the book’s success was its style and tone. Gunther was a master of muckraking American journalism, having grown up in Chicago and having cut his journalistic teeth at the old Chicago Daily News before going off to Europe in 1924. At the end of the 1920s, during a brief visit home to America, he collaborated with James Mulroy at the News on an article titled “The High Cost of Hoodlums”, which appeared in the October 1929 issue of Harper’s . It described how on the streets of Chicago you could have an enemy “bumped off” for as little as $50, though the rate for a newspaper man like himself might be as high as $1,000. In Inside: The Biography of John Gunther (1992), Ken Cuthbertson wrote:

Despite the fact that “The High Cost of Hoodlums” was written sixty years ago, it retains its vitality as a superb historical snapshot of the Chicago of 1929. . . . It provided a highly readable behind-the-scenes look at how 600 hoodlums had succeeded in terrorizing Chicago’s three million citizens.

The era of Chicago gangsterism turned out to be perfect preparation for understanding European fascism. Indeed, one way to look at Inside Europe is to see it as “a highly readable behind-the-scenes look” at how another, somewhat larger—but not proportionally larger—bunch of hoodlums was terrorizing Germany and, before long, the entire continent of Europe. As BBC producer Brian Miller described it in 2001, the “racy mixture of politics and Capitol Hill gossip” put together by Drew Pearson and Robert Allen in 1931 for their book, Washington Merry Go Round , successfully pioneered muckraking book journalism in the United States. Cass Canfield, president of Harper & Brothers in New York, thought the same approach might usefully be tried on Europe’s dictators. He chose Gunther to write the book, and a fortunate choice it was. Gunther’s powerful style ensured that Inside Europe broke through the suffocating British climate of active censorship and intimidation—“this fog of untruth, or else of censorship, which was really a kind of self-censorship”, as Miller put it—that was depriving British readers of the facts about Hitler and the drift toward war.

Gunther had been in Vienna since 1930 and had several things going for him. In the first place, he was fast and could meet deadlines. Second, according to Miller, “he was not subject to conservative proprietorial censorship because both his publishers . . . were liberally minded and inclined to let him write whatever he liked, provided it ‘took the lid off’ something .” Third, “he was not subject to censorship and intimidation by dictators themselves because he made quick raids into their territories and only wrote when safely back in England or the USA.”

Inside Europe was both a huge commercial success, finally selling more than half a million copies, and a book that gave him political access everywhere. Not only Churchill welcomed him. In 1941, after returning from Latin America, Gunther was called in by Under Secretary of State Sumner Welles to brief President Roosevelt on the region. Welles had provided Gunther letters of introduction to a dozen national leaders, and now Gunther was supposed to report what he had found: Hitler had boasted of building “a new Germany” in Brazil, and Nazi sympathizers were everywhere.

As it happened, Roosevelt was less receptive than Churchill, and Gunther hardly got a word in edgewise. Instead he was treated to a rambling 45-minute lecture on foreign affairs during which, Gunther later wrote, “I kept thinking that FDR looked like a caricature of himself, with the long jaw tilting upward, the V-shaped opening of the mouth when he laughed, the two long deep parentheses that closed the ends of his lips.” Seizing his chance when the President paused for breath, Gunther reminded FDR that he was just back from a visit to every country south of the border. “What?” said Roosevelt with a laugh “Even Paraguay?” Gunther had indeed been to Paraguay and had an entertaining tale to tell, but neither Roosevelt nor Welles took much interest in it.

Then Came Duranty

W hen John Gunther headed for Europe in 1924, it was after a two-year spell with the Chicago Daily News working alongside Ben Hecht and Carl Sandburg. In London, Gunther met Dorothy Thompson, a strong influence and lifelong friend, and had an affair with Rebecca West, nine years his senior, who opened both his mind and doors into British literary circles. In London, too, Gunther married his first wife, Frances—the beginning of a stressful relationship that ended in 1944. During those years he reported from Paris, Berlin, Vienna, Istanbul and Moscow. It was in Moscow in 1928 that Gunther first met the New York Times representative Walter Duranty, an influence on him, unlike that of Hecht, Sandburg, Thompson and West, that proved less than entirely helpful.

Every American who went to Moscow in those days, it seems, met Walter Duranty. Visiting Duranty’s apartment Gunther reported,

When one dines with him in Moscow, an extremely pretty girl, smart in semi-evening frock, opens the door, shaking hands. She then disappears again, and late in the evening, asks Walter if he wants to get to work, she has finished the Izvestia proofs. Then they go to bed together. In the morning, she shines the shoes. Mistress, secretary, servant. An unholy trinity for you! Of course, by Moscow law, since they share the same residence, she’s his wife, too.

The pretty girl’s name was Katya, by whom Duranty later had a son. The mild irregularity of this arrangement he witnessed was merely the tip of an iceberg. In Paris in the years before 1914, Duranty was a close friend of Aleister Crowley, a genuine madman fascinated by excretory functions, sexually aroused by blood and torture, and a “master” of the occult. Duranty and Crowley shared the same woman, Jane Cheron, and all three of them were heavily into opium, sex and black magic. Indeed, when Duranty was escorting Gunther around Moscow in 1928, he remained in some sort of marital relation with Cheron, who was still in France. Did Gunther know any of this?

Perhaps he did, and perhaps he didn’t care, for Duranty was a famous raconteur, and the pleasure of his company seems to have swept all doubts aside. In Stalin’s Apologist (1990), Sally J. Taylor tells how forty years later Gunther and his second wife Jane visited Duranty where he was living in Orlando, Florida. He came over to the motel where the Gunthers were staying, and, according to Jane, Duranty was “enchanting, in his very best form.” They all stayed up until four o’clock in the morning, with Walter being “terribly funny, and very very wicked.” After Duranty left their motel, John turned to his wife and said, “Walter is just a scamp !”

But Duranty was not, alas, just a scamp. He was also a man many regarded then and now as a scoundrel. Not for nothing did Malcolm Muggeridge call him “the greatest liar of any journalist I have met in fifty years of journalism”, or Joseph Alsop describe him as a “fashionable prostitute”, or Robert Conquest, later, call for every word he ever wrote about the Soviets and collectivization to be challenged again and again. It’s possible that Duranty was in the pay of the Soviets, though another long-term New York Times correspondent, Harrison Salisbury, who looked into such things during his own stay in Moscow, denied that Duranty was ever in the pay of anybody except the New York Times .

Perhaps. Yet it is inescapable that Duranty’s immediate reward for faithfully covering up mass murder in the Ukraine was the indulgence of the regime, the tumultuous applause he received in the Waldorf-Astoria in 1933 for assisting the process of American diplomatic recognition of the Soviet Union, and a call from Stalin himself four weeks after Duranty’s return to Moscow offering the unprecedented privilege of a second interview. Stalin’s words at the time, however accurately or inaccurately rendered by Duranty afterwards, were something Duranty quoted with pride for the rest of his life:

You have done a good job in your reporting the USSR, though you are not a Marxist, because you try to tell the truth about our country and to understand it and to explain it to your readers. I might say that you bet on our horse to win when others thought it had no chance and I am sure you have not lost by it.

All of this raises questions about the journalistic and literary culture of the time. How did it come to be that someone from the world of Aleister Crowley and the Parisian bohemian demimonde was the New York Times’ resident commentator in Moscow on Russia under Bolshevik rule? How did such a man become the best-read authority in the United States on how Stalin was implementing a planned economy? Why was such a man invited to Washington in July 1932 to advise Roosevelt about Soviet gold production?

W hatever the answers to those questions, it is plain that Duranty rubbed off on Gunther. The reason seems to have had something to do with the fact that both Gunther and Duranty were the sort of men who would rather write anything than not write at all. More, I suspect, than is the case today, many journalists of Gunther’s time were novelists manqué . Only fiction was prestigious, and readable fiction was not about economic trends, voting patterns or industrial production. Duranty tried to write both novels and short stories, and in Hollywood, in the years of his decline in the 1940s, he teamed up with Mary Loos, a niece of the screenwriter Anita Loos, to crank out stories and scripts.

The same literary interests drove Gunther. He never stopped writing novels— The Red Pavilion (1926), The Golden Fleece (1963), The Lost City (1964). Most of them sank without trace. Through Rebecca West and Dorothy Thompson, he knew dozens of novelists and yearned for literary recognition. When success first came to him, however, it was not for fiction but for his reportorial colossus Inside Europe (though he must have enjoyed a Popular Front gathering of the League of American Writers in 1938 when he was invited on stage and dined beforehand with Ernest Hemingway and F. Scott Fitzgerald).

Indeed, when Cass Canfield approached him in 1935 to write Inside Europe , Gunther turned him down—twice. “In those days I was more interested in fiction than in journalism and my dreams were tied up in a long novel about Vienna that I hoped to write.” Only when offered the then huge sum of $5,000 did Gunther reluctantly accept. Yet when he finally sat down to write, his approach was personal and novelistic almost as much as analytic and interpretive. Events in Europe were being shaped by a cast of extraordinary characters, Gunther believed, and Inside Europe was to be about their beliefs, motives and charisma.

To get under way, he agreed to produce three articles, and “the three articles”, wrote Gunther years later, “turned out to be the three chief personality chapters in the book—Hitler, Mussolini, and Stalin.” What drove him was the need to show the force of their personalities and how they wielded power over other men. In a letter to Canfield he said that this approach “derives from something deeper in me than political conviction; it comes from the fact, for good or ill, I instinctively think of myself as a novelist.”

Such an honest man. We have still today, particularly in America, journalists who aspire to be literary stars, who write books ostensibly of reporting but without the sources required of the journalists’ canon. Gunther admitted his penchant for fiction. Not everyone does.

I nside Europe is still riveting more than seventy years after it was published. His descriptions of Hitler, Léon Blum and so many others strike us today, perhaps, as elegant and as of unerring fidelity. But at the time these descriptions were close to a form of prophecy.

Beyond getting the essence of the major players in the coming war, Gunther had also spent time in Bucharest and knew the ominous mixture of Ruritanian farce and fascist menace to be found in what was then usually spelled Rumania. Only two streets away from King Carol’s palace, one could see well-dressed members of the Iron Guard lounging in a café, sipping Turkish coffee and talking about revolution. Founded in 1927, the program of the Iron Guard, as Gunther perfectly described it, “was a fanatic, obstreperous sub-Fascism on a strong nationalist and anti-Semitic basis. Its members trooped through the countryside, wore white costumes, carried burning crosses, impressed the ignorant peasantry, aroused the students in the towns.”

So far so good, and it continues like that for hundreds of pages. But then one comes to Stalin—and it’s pure, undiluted Walter Duranty. Stalin has, we are told,

Guts. Durability. Physique. Patience. Tenacity. Concentration. If he has nerves, they are veins in rock. His perseverance, as Walter Duranty says, is ‘inhuman.’ When candour suits his purpose, no man can be more candid. He has the courage to admit his errors, something few other dictators dare do. In his article ‘Dizzy from Success’ he was quite frank to admit that the collectivization of the peasants had progressed too quickly.

Now this is a gem. The magnanimity of Stalin is shown by his “frankness” in “admitting” that collectivization had “progressed too quickly.” Gunther sums up the desperate suicidal resistance of the peasants in the following four sentences: “The peasants tried to revolt. The revolt might have brought the Soviet Union down. But it collapsed on the iron will of Stalin. The peasants killed their animals, then they killed themselves.”

Yes, John Gunther actually wrote that it wasn’t Stalin, or the Communist Party, or the NKVD, or the Red Army troops who seized their grain, herded them without food or water onto railway wagons, and shot them if they resisted; they “killed themselves.”

Even so, Inside Europe was a major achievement. It brought to public notice the Empire of Evil that was about to expand and take over the whole of central Europe. It powerfully confirmed the Nazi menace Churchill had toiled for years to publicize. And Gunther’s Inside Europe played no small part in bringing American elite opinion out of the dangerous miasma of isolationism into which much of it had fallen. That such a perceptive—and persuasive—journalistic observer could be drawn into Duranty’s deceptions about Stalin admits of no simple explanation. It may however be because one of Gunther’s greatest personal virtues, loyalty, here became also a vice. He could never bring himself to believe (or even imagine) that, however entertaining Duranty may have been down through the years, and however firmly supportive during the painfully protracted death of Gunther’s son, his old friend from the 1920s was also a thorough scoundrel whose writings about Stalin were full of lies.

Generate SSRS Report On Demand with PowerShell and a Web Service

By: Jeffrey Yao   |   Updated: 2024-02-14   |   Comments   |   Related: > Reporting Services Development

There are times when we need to generate the same SSRS report over and over again but using different parameters for each run. We may also need to generate a report in a specific format, such as PDF or Excel, and then send it to different users.

For example, let's assume I am a teacher with an SSRS report that can generate a student's test score report based on the student ID, and I want to send each student their score report by email. How can I accomplish this without having to manually run the report over and over again using different parameters for each run?

SSRS provides functionality through an XML web service with a SOAP API. As such, if we can make a program send a correct web service request with the right parameter values, we should be able to get the SSRS to render a report with the needed format.

Fortunately, in PowerShell, we have a cmdlet called invoke-webrequest that can make a request to a web service. As long as we compose the right request, i.e., with proper parameter values for the SSRS service, SSRS will generate the right report with the correct format (PDF of a CSV or HTML, etc.).

Let's demonstrate how this works. First, we need to create a demo package composed of a simple SSRS report on three simple tables plus one PS script:

Create a Simple SSRS Report

As shown below, it is a straightforward report, so I won't explain how to create it. However, I will provide the key information about what data the report will use (all screenshots are from SSRS Report Builder ).

ScoreReport Layout

I created a data source named [dsScore], which is defined as the following:

data source [dsStore]

Based on this data source, two datasets were created:

  • [dsetStudentID] with the following setup. This dataset is to provide values for the report parameter, i.e., [StudentID].

dataset [dsetStudentID]

  • [dsetScore]

dataset [dsetScore]

We also created an SSRS parameter [StudentID].

report parameter [StudentID]

This parameter's available values are from the dataset [dsetStudentID]

parameter values

After the report is published to the SSRS server, we run it. If we chose, for example, StudentID = 2, we will get the following report:

ScoreReport manual rendering

This report can be saved as a PDF file by clicking the save button and choosing "PDF." This score_report.pdf file will automatically save to your computer's [Download] folder.


To do this for each student is very manual. First, we must choose a Student ID and then save the generated report to a PDF file. If we need to generate a score report for each student in a class, operating manually can be very tedious.

Create PowerShell Script to Run SSRS Report with Parameter

To automate this via programming, we can use the following PowerShell script to do the work. I will assume you have installed the latest PowerShell SQL Server module .

The report rendering command, i.e., rs:Format, can have one of the following common formats: PDF, CSV, XML, Word, Excel, or IMAGE. For details, please see the links in the Next Steps section of this tip.

One special note here is that the parameter name in the Uri link is case-sensitive and should be exactly the same as the parameter name used in the SSRS report. In my case, it is StudentID (see Fig_Parameter above). If I use studentid instead of StudentID, it will not work.


To run the script quickly, we can copy and paste it into a PS ISE window and run it, and we will find three PDF files generated:


If I open ScoreReport_2.pdf with Acrobat Reader, I can see the following:


Report Delivery via Email

With all reports generated, we can easily create a T-SQL script to send out each report to individual students.

Assuming we already have SQL Server database mail set up, we can use the following T-SQL script to do the work:

If I set @debug = 1 and run the T-SQL script in an SSMS query window, I will get the following printed T-SQL commands:


We can examine the code generated and see whether it is logically correct. We can even copy and paste a few lines to run manually. Or we can set @debug = 0 so the whole delivery script can be executed. Of course, SQL Server database mail needs to be set up before any email can be sent out.

This tip uses PowerShell to generate an SSRS report via a web service request. Once the files are generated, we may further handle them for other purposes, such as sending them to end users.

We can generate SSRS reports in many other formats, such as Word, Excel, CSV, or XML formats, and these types of files may be consumed by other downstream applications. It extends the presentation of the data inside SQL Server databases.

We may also modify the PS script in this tip to be a function and package it into a customized module so we can use it more conveniently.

The following links provide more information about SSRS URL access details, which are the technical foundation of this tip. Also, at MSSQLTips, we have other tips about performing similar work within an SSIS package.

  • SSRS URL Access
  • SSRS Web Service URI Parameter .
  • Execute a SQL Server Reporting Services report from Integration Services Package

sql server categories

About the author

MSSQLTips author Jeffrey Yao

Comments For This Article

Related articles.

More From Forbes

Ai can increase job satisfaction: 5 strategies for success.

  • Share to Facebook
  • Share to Twitter
  • Share to Linkedin

Leverage AI to increase your job satisfaction.

You’ve been hearing a lot lately about how AI will take your job—and plenty of others’ jobs as well. But in reality, AI can make you more satisfied, more effective and help you grow your career. New data proves its positive effects—for those who are able to harness and leverage it.

It’s a matter of intentionally experimenting, learning and incorporating AI—and making it work for you.

In fact, a new poll by Tech.co found 59% said AI has increased their job satisfaction. When new technology is on the horizon, you’re wise to be curious and explore. This approach will increase not only your confidence, but also your capabilities and credibility—and your career satisfaction and advancement as well.

Reduce Your Fear

Employees say they fear AI taking their jobs , but the results from the Tech.co poll are reassuring—with 77% of senior leaders who say AI has had no effect or minimal effect on the elimination of jobs.

In fact, AI is more likely to take over tasks than whole jobs. It will necessitate that companies rethink work and redesign job responsibilities. This is good news, because you can offload the elements of your work which are less interesting, and spend more time on the tasks you love.

In addition, you can take positive action to leverage AI—ensuring greater job security and building your career in the process.

Using AI effectively can set you apart in your career.

Best High-Yield Savings Accounts Of September 2023

Best 5% interest savings accounts of september 2023, 1. set yourself apart.

By using AI and building your expertise in analytics and tech , you can set yourself apart for finding a new job, increasing your credibility and growing your career. Fully 50% of senior leaders consider data analysis capability very important or extremely important in hiring and 24% of senior leadership professionals consider AI expertise a very important or extremely important skill for new hires, according to the Tech.co data.

As a result, you can capture the limelight by embracing AI, tech and data—and expanding your comfort and confidence with these.

You’ll also be likely to set yourself apart, because while AI capability is valuable, many businesses are slow to adopt it and use it. In fact, 67% of respondents to the Tech.co poll said AI tools are used only on a limited basis. And just 4% of people said they are using AI tools which are fully integrated. So with your own learning and adoption of AI, you can demonstrate your ingenuity, innovation and performance.

In addition, people are experimenting with AI slowly—with 19%-20% reporting they use it only once a week or up to several times a week, and 10% saying they use it only once per month. Fully 46% of people have only used the technology once or twice. This is according to a poll by Word Finder .

The saying is true, “AI won’t take your job, people using AI will.”—and you can be one of the early adopters doing meaningful work with the greater job security that results from adapting and embracing what’s new.

2. Enhance Your Work

So how might you use AI in your work? The Tech.co poll demonstrates the most popular ways people are incorporating it. Here’s what to consider:

  • Use AI for data analysis
  • Lean on AI for writing tasks such as emails, reports or presentations
  • Leverage AI for scheduling and calendar management tasks
  • Explore AI for design tasks like creating images or graphics
  • Employ AI to classify or manage your documents
  • Investigate the use of AI for translation tasks

You can also be ready to use AI in places where the company is incorporating it such as automated data entry, quality control, cybersecurity, running customer support chat bots, inventory management, financial analysis, recruitment and HR support, market research and insights, supply chain optimization or healthcare diagnostics. In any of these cases, your ability to lean into tasks which are informed by the use of AI will make you invaluable to your employer.

Leverage AI, but use caution.

3. Leverage Systems (with Caution)

As you’re experimenting with the use of AI, consider these systems which are the most utilized according to the Tech.co data: Chat GPT (65% of people using), Google Bard AI (48%), Bing AI Chat (21%), Claude AI (10%) or Jasper Chat (9%).

However, whatever system you’re using, be cautious. Fully 80% of companies have requirements regarding the use of AI—according to data from Insight —so you’ll want to follow your organization’s policies.

Also know that AI is fallible, because it’s created by humans who are imperfect and naturally biased. Be careful to check, edit and ensure the accuracy of the work you deliver—using AI as a starting point that you build upon rather than the end product. In addition, never input proprietary or personal information because it will become part of the openAI system.

4. Collaborate and Connect

Communication and collaboration tools can have a significant effect on business growth—with 80% of business leaders citing their positive effects on productivity, according to the Tech.co data.

Tools and tech can also help you connect meaningfully with others, which contributes to your happiness and satisfaction at work. According to the Tech.co poll, the tools which are most useful are: project management software, online whiteboards, screen sharing software, collaboration document editing, video conferencing and team messaging.

The implication: Leverage tools and technology to build relationships and work effectively with others at the same time you’re seeking to build trust and enhance relationships face-to-face.

5. Build A Variety of Skills

While AI, tech and data skills are all important, it’s all critical to ensure you’re well-rounded and have a range of capabilities. In the Tech.co poll, the most important skills for getting hired were communication, problem solving, time management, people management, relationship building and networking. All of these came before skills in data analysis. Also important were financial literacy, multilingualism and AI expertise.

Always Be Learning

The bottom line is to always be learning and enhancing your skills—and to be leaning into new work, new processes and new methods, so you’re ready for where your employer will go next. By continually expanding and reinventing your skills, you’ll be able to achieve success with whatever changes come your way.

Tracy Brower, PhD

  • Editorial Standards
  • Reprints & Permissions

U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Here’s how you know

The .gov means it’s official. Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.

The site is secure. The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Consumer Alerts

Your right to get information about funeral services by phone.

View all Consumer Alerts

Get Consumer Alerts

Credit, Loans, and Debt

Learn about getting and using credit, borrowing money, and managing debt.

View Credit, Loans, and Debt

What to do if you can’t make car payments

Jobs and making money.

What to know when you're looking for a job or more education, or considering a money-making opportunity or investment.

View Jobs and Making Money

Job scams targeting college students are getting personal

Unwanted calls, emails, and texts.

What to do about unwanted calls, emails, and text messages that can be annoying, might be illegal, and are probably scams.

View Unwanted Calls, Emails, and Texts

Fake shipping notification emails and text messages: What you need to know this holiday season

Identity theft and online security.

How to protect your personal information and privacy, stay safe online, and help your kids do the same.

View Identity Theft and Online Security

  • Search Show/hide Search menu items Items per page 20 50 100 Filters Fulltext search

Think you know what the top scam of 2023 was? Take a guess


Every day people report to the FTC the scams they spot. Every year, the FTC shares the information we collect in a data book which tells a story about the top scams people tell us about – so we can all spot and avoid them.

The Data Book tells us that people lost $10 billion to scams in 2023. That’s $1 billion more than 2022 and the highest ever in reported losses to the FTC – even though the number of reports (2.6 million) was about the same as last year. One in four people reported losing money to scams, with a median loss of $500 per person. And email was the #1 contact method for scammers this year, especially when scammers pretended to be a business or government agency to steal money.

Here are other takeaways for 2023:

  • Imposter scams. Imposter scams remained the top fraud category, with reported losses of $2.7 billion. These scams include people pretending to be your bank’s fraud department, the government, a relative in distress, a well-known business, or a technical support expert.
  • Investment scams . While investment-related scams were the fourth most-reported fraud category, losses in this category grew. People reported median losses of $7.7K – up from $5K in 2022.
  • Social media scams . Scams starting on social media accounted for the highest total losses at $1.4 billion – an increase of 250 million from 2022. But scams that started by a phone call caused the highest per-person loss ($1,480 average loss).
  • Payment methods . How did scammers prefer that people pay? With bank transfers and payments, which accounted for the highest losses ($1.86 billion). Cryptocurrency is a close second ($1.41 billion reported in losses).
  • Losses by age . Of people who reported their age, younger adults (20-29) reported losing money more often than older adults (70+). However, when older adults lost money, they lost the most.

Check out the graphic for the top scams of 2023. Read the 2023 Data Book for more details and to learn what happened in your state.

A scammy snapshot of 2023

Want to protect yourself, your loved ones, and your communities from scams? Go to ReportFraud.ftc.gov to report fraud. Reports like yours help law enforcement take action with education and enforcement. By reporting what you see and experience, you can help protect your community.

Add new comment

Read our privacy act statement.

It is your choice whether to submit a comment. If you do, you must create a user name, or we will not post your comment. The Federal Trade Commission Act authorizes this information collection for purposes of managing online comments. Comments and user names are part of the Federal Trade Commission’s (FTC) public records system, and user names also are part of the FTC’s  computer user records  system. We may routinely use these records as described in the FTC’s  Privacy Act system notices . For more information on how the FTC handles information that we collect, please read our privacy policy .

Read Our Comment Policy

The purpose of this blog and its comments section is to inform readers about Federal Trade Commission activity, and share information to help them avoid, report, and recover from fraud, scams, and bad business practices. Your thoughts, ideas, and concerns are welcome, and we encourage comments. But keep in mind, this is a moderated blog. We review all comments before they are posted, and we won’t post comments that don’t comply with our commenting policy. We expect commenters to treat each other and the blog writers with respect.

  • We won’t post off-topic comments, repeated identical comments, or comments that include sales pitches or promotions.
  • We won’t post comments that include vulgar messages, personal attacks by name, or offensive terms that target specific people or groups.
  • We won’t post threats, defamatory statements, or suggestions or encouragement of illegal activity.
  • We won’t post comments that include personal information, like Social Security numbers, account numbers, home addresses, and email addresses. To file a detailed report about a scam, go to ReportFraud.ftc.gov.

We don't edit comments to remove objectionable content, so please ensure that your comment contains none of the above. The comments posted on this blog become part of the public domain. To protect your privacy and the privacy of other people, please do not include personal information. Opinions in comments that appear in this blog belong to the individuals who expressed them. They do not belong to or represent views of the Federal Trade Commission.

Thank you for sharing information that I was not aware of. When people take pleasure in being deceitful! You can no longer trust in laws (especially) or your own family. The more J know the more I am aware of protecting myself and helping others as well!!

I think Congress should pass a bill to penalize the scammers.

In reply to I think Congress should pass… by Hi Nguyen

Thoroughly agree with Nguyen- scammers should be punished/penalized for their crimes. If Congress is required to do so, then Congress should pass the necessary laws to make this happen. Peter

In reply to Thoroughly agree with Nguyen… by Peter

You’re right

I think there are laws but the problem is finding out who and where they are.

Yes definitely they should put them in jail longer than other crimes because it affects you mentally and socially more than a in person crime . This is because you do not know in reality who did the scam. The scammers are working with the person in the scam to rob you. Is gang stalking.

Can’t penalize foreign nationals who reside in foreign countries unfortunately

what a great idea. Robocalling already is illegal but doesnt seem to stop them. MOST coming from Jamacia. Only reason I know that is b.c I did the no no of calling back and it was on my phone bill

Thank you for the information!

I’m surprised that text messages wasn’t listed as a means of fraud or attempted fraud. I get phishing texts the most, followed by phone calls. Lately, I’ve received a few emails with a PDF attachment that is an alleged invoice. I don’t open it. It’s very interesting to watch the scammers attempts to get information or money from me. I’m already a victim of identity theft due to some major data breaches in 2021 to current, so I’m especially careful.

In reply to I’m surprised that text… by MN

Absolutely agree with MN. The phone calls start at 8:30 AM with so-called Medicare plans, or now it's Credit help! 99% of the time I don't answer. It doesn't stop there text comes in with "Hello how are you?" From some unknown number. I print them out in the event that someday I can help catch these creeps.

I've been gettng over 50 "lewd and suggestive" emails every day. I have blocked these and as of this morning there were over 199. Can this list be sent directly? They are insulting, and I would rather forward this to you, if possible.

Enid Hurwitz

In reply to I've been gettng over 50 … by Enid Hurwitz

call the opt out # for robocalls.... google it, it's everywhere... there must be an opt out for spam emails also. ask FTC and FCC and any other agency to report. This may stop it completely...if you're serious. sounds awful. good luck!

Thank you. Very important info!

So, My comment is simple---why isn't there more done to stop this? You have the most sophisticated people people working within the US---there should be a cure for this--shame on America for not having the answer!!!

In reply to So, My comment is simple--… by Deborah K Grimm

if this govt wold only pay folks like Snowden more than they've already made, have him and those like him work for the gov, we'd be In much better shape.

I have brighten a few items on line and got scared. It is hard to tell the difference between a legit company and a phoney one.

My 90 year old trusting and naive Mom has been sending 50 + small checks a month to various 'non-profits' associated with USA Cash Draw and other socalled million dollar sweepstakes. The operation is associated with many unfamiliar 'non-profits', giving her the idea that she is helping folks while assuring she will win at least one of the 20,000 prizes. She does not read the fine print, which has a deadline for a specific draw. However, she is already in the habit of sending 'gifts'. Examples are Citizens behind the badge, advancing American freedom, Fund for integrative Cancer treatment and some familiar ones like Am Against Drug abuse.

A second issue is all the political solicitations (she gets six to 12 inch stacks of mail per day. Some scare tactics of Lawyers requesting money - "they have put her on an important congressional committee" that leads her to believe without her money the political job wont get done. I think This is abusive of her and misuse/disrespectful of free speech. Nevertheless, being a generious person and wanting to help, all the solicitation become a burden and upsetting to this senior. Help!

Thank you Patricia Sargent

thanks for the great work you do....I am seeing lots of iCloud scammers trying to get me to reply to emails saying I have won a prize from big name companies like CVS, Lowes, etc .,,, I delete but would like to start reporting these....I am trying but can't figure out an easy way to report these scammers.

In reply to thanks for the great work… by Bess H Parks

Most big companies have email addresses you can forward scam emails to. You can open the companies' legit webpage & search for scam addresses or customer service. Always good to report to FTC as well.

I would add aggressive sales practices from car dealers to the list, the CARS act does not go far enough to protect consumers.

Publishers clearing house scammers keep calling my home. I cuss them out,hang up on them,etc. and it doesn't stop them from calling.

Thought ID theft has highest losses. ?

Why don't we have a govenment service to locate, arrest and shut them down.

Thank you for this information. We seniors are particularly vulnerable to scammers, and this helps us a lot.

I just contacted the FTC because I got a scam e-mail telling me my Social Security Number was used for Drug Trafficking in Texas and New Mexico! I don't even live anywhere these states! FYI... NEVER click on or open these scam e-mails!

I hope law enforcement is treating this like the huge crime wave it is. It is more than an inconvenience or annoyance. I hear stories of people loosing their life savings.

I report most of the email scams, but it takes time. It would be much easier if your program would allow us to forward these without going through the reporting portal. It is a constant battle. I have a call screen on my phone so never answer something I don't recognize, but I have seen texts that I have to block as I know they are scams. There really needs to be a crack down task force working on this. Lots of them are from out of the country.

Emails for payments to Geek Squad, Renewal charges for anti-virus programs like McAfee & Norton, I've dumped & blocked hundreds of them.

It is basically impossible to block the spam emails. Yes, they can be reported to the FTC but only individually, and the form is time consuming. EVERY spam email will have a different phony “From” email, even if there are multiple ones that appear to be from the same sender with same subject matter. There is absolutely no way to stop them. All advice says to just delete them - don’t open or reply. I was getting over 1000 spam emails daily, but interestingly that dropped to about 100-150 daily when I got a new phone. I check and group delete several times a day. Text messages (phone numbers) can at least be blocked. I also refuse cookies or modify them to “strictly necessary”; turning off all marketing and promotional settings. I agree that more aggressive measures are needed.

I have been getting emails from different vendors like Norton security thanking me for the purchase of their service on the day and time of the transaction mostly everyday with different names on them with a phone number for me to call them if I have any questions of the transaction. I just delete them and I have not reported them yet but I will now. Another thing that I have experienced is mostly all the people who walk in front of my door to try to sell some product or service without any proof of the company they represent are fraud and try to get my name and phone number for them to call me later but I do not give it to them. I do not trust no one at all. I get phone calls wanting to know if I have any Master Card and ask me to give them my name and date of birth to make sure it is me and I just hang up on them. I hope this helps somebody and make sure to put a Fraud Alert on your credit report with any of the 3 Credit Bureaus Like Experian.

Consumer education has no chance against fear and greed so ignorance and naivete will continue. Perhaps if the telco's had strong protection against SIM swaps and banks provided more than the weakest forms of 2FA we might have a fighting chance before the data brokers sell our PII to anyone with a credit card.

Please include Scam GAMES claiming PayPal or Cash App payouts. I've followed the game rules and watched HUNDREDS of ads, and as soon as I reached enough to get paid, the site stalls never to reopen, or they want you to do tasks, like spin the wheel 100 times and the error page pops up saying come back tomorrow day after day... granted all that is lost is time, but time is money!

Someone called me today at 5:28 PM, on February 14th, from: caller ID; YELLOWST, 1-307-227-9080, and ask if this was Stephen? They said "Stephen, is this Stephen", I replied "yes this is Stephen". They said then "have a good rest of your day" and abruptly hung up. I searched the number on the internet to try to find out who it was, could not find anything out without paying a fee. So I called them back within about three minutes, it rang a few times then went to a busy signal, I tried twice later that same evening, and got the same answer. I am wondering what kind of scam this is.


  1. How To Write a Report for Work (With Examples)

    How To Write a Report for Work (With Examples) Jennifer Herrity Updated July 21, 2023 Business reports are often a common part of many peoples' work responsibilities. There are several types of work reports that you may be required to write, including daily work reports, sales reports and analyses.

  2. How To Write a Report in 7 Steps (Plus Tips)

    1. Decide on terms of reference Many formal reports include a section that details the document's "terms of reference" (or ToR). These terms include: What the report is about

  3. 7,860 Report Writer Jobs, Employment February 18, 2024| Indeed.com

    7,860 Report Writer jobs available on Indeed.com. Apply to Content Writer, Writer, Technical Writer and more!

  4. How to Write a Report: A Guide to Report Formats with Examples

    How to write a report in 7 steps What is a report? In technical terms, the definition of a report is pretty vague: any account, spoken or written, of the matters concerning a particular topic. This could refer to anything from a courtroom testimony to a grade schooler's book report .

  5. How to Write a Work Report (with Pictures)

    Part 1 Planning a Work Report Download Article 1 Identify the purpose and topic of your report. In some cases, you may have been asked for a report. Your purpose or topic will likely be included in the request. If you're not sure about your purpose or topic, consider what message you're sending to your audience.

  6. Report Format: Elements And Example Report

    Common reports people are asked to write for their jobs include memos, daily reports, sales analyses, meeting minutes, progress reports, annual reports, and compliance reports. How to write a work report A work report can be any number of different documents on any number of subjects.

  7. How to write a report in 9 steps (With definition and tips)

    1. Determine the terms of reference Determining the terms of reference for your report allows you to decide to share its purpose with the readers. Typically, you'd want to establish what the report is about, what you're trying to accomplish with it and why it's necessary for your employer or client.

  8. Steps for How to Write a Report

    A report should have detailed information about the topic or problem it addresses. In your written communication, include as much factual information and evidence as possible, particularly if there are recommendations or opinions based on the information presented.Any opinions mentioned within it will need to be supported and defended based upon the data contained within the report.

  9. How to Write a Report Properly and Effectively

    4 How to Write a Report Cover Page. Now we're ready to get started on your report cover page! When you're first working on your cover page, it's a good idea to start with a template.. This helps you to spice up your report design and make it more than a black and white word document. It can also help you design your title page in an aesthetically pleasing way so it stands out to your ...

  10. What is report writing? (With template)

    Report writing involves the creation of a concise document to inform readers about a specific topic and make recommendations for future actions. A professional setting typically requires the writer to outline some aspect of an organisation's work and draw conclusions about its effectiveness.

  11. Basics of Work Report Writing (With Format and Examples)

    5. Proofread your work. Before you send your work report, make sure to proofread your work for any spelling and grammar mistakes. Check and recheck numbers and statistics to make sure they have been typed correctly. Read through your arguments and ask yourself if you can communicate your points any more clearly.

  12. Report Writing Jobs

    Find the best Report Writing jobs It takes just one job to develop a successful relationship that can propel your career forward. Find work Interested in hiring? Professionals on Upwork rate clients 4.9/5 on average from 2M+ reviews Trusted by Check out a sample of the 129 Report Writing jobs posted on Upwork Find freelance jobs »

  13. Report Writer Job Description Template

    A Report Writer's primary responsibility is to create and compile reports based on data collected from various sources. This job requires excellent writing skills, attention to detail, and the ability to manage large amounts of information.

  14. What Is A Report Writer? (Duties, Salaries And Skills)

    A report writer is a professional who collects, analyses and converts complex raw data and comprehensive information into written reports. These reports are easy for the average reader or non-technical employees to understand. It eliminates information that is irrelevant or disorienting and highlights what is more significant to the readers.

  15. Report Writer Job Description

    To write an effective report writer job description, begin by listing detailed duties, responsibilities and expectations. We have included report writer job description templates that you can modify and use. Sample responsibilities for this position include: Designs, documents, codes, tests, and debugs programs using PL/SQL, SQL, HTML ...

  16. 20+ Sample Job Report in PDF

    How do you write a job report? What is a work evaluation report? What should be included in a report? 20+ SAMPLE Job Report Job Accident Report Form download now Job Creation Compliance Report download now Job Creation & Retention Report download now Job Development Monthly Report Form download now Job End Report download now

  17. How to Report a Job

    Using the report job button. Search for and navigate to the job that you would like to report. Open the job description of the job you would like to report. Scroll to the bottom of the job post. Select the Report job button and fill out the form. Important: This tool is not used to ask general questions about Indeed, technical issues, Company ...

  18. Create a form in Word that users can complete or print

    Show the Developer tab. If the developer tab isn't displayed in the ribbon, see Show the Developer tab.. Open a template or use a blank document. To create a form in Word that others can fill out, start with a template or document and add content controls.

  19. Senior Associate, State Budget Policy, State Fiscal Health

    Job Overview. The senior associate plays an important role in helping policymakers enact data-driven reforms that deliver lasting results for state budgets. Reporting to the associate manager, state fiscal health, the senior associate will provide strategic guidance and support on the project's lines of work by performing research and analysis ...

  20. Report Writing Skills: Definition and Examples

    Updated March 10, 2023 Several careers require employees to write reports to summarize a test, company performance or a task. Having report writing skills can help you create high-quality reports that can impress your employer. If writing reports is part of your career, then it might help you to learn more about report writing skills.

  21. Over There, Then

    A few days after war was declared in September 1939, Winston Churchill sat listening with interest to the much-traveled American journalist John Gunther. Hitler was on the march and Churchill must have had a lot on his mind, but Gunther's book Inside Europe, first published in 1936, had made him an instant authority on European affairs.Since he had been in Moscow on the very day the Nazi ...

  22. Generate SSRS Report On Demand with PowerShell and a Web Service

    Solution. SSRS provides functionality through an XML web service with a SOAP API. As such, if we can make a program send a correct web service request with the right parameter values, we should be able to get the SSRS to render a report with the needed format.

  23. Never written a trip report before

    Log In. Sign Up ...

  24. PDF Using Microsoft Excel for Constructing Graphs

    Making a simple XY graph. We are going to make an XY graph (often called a Scatterplot) showing the relationship between Total Length (TL) and Standard Length (SL) of a sample of fish. To do so, start a new spreadsheet. In the first row, enter your name and a title, e.g., "John Smith - Simple XY Graph".

  25. How A Real Estate Crisis Could Hurt The Job Market

    The report reveals there is currently a 10% to 20% default rate on commercial real estate loans, equivalent to between $80 billion and $160 billion in bank losses.

  26. BLS Jobs Report: Clear As Mud

    The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reported a huge 'blowout number' of 353k jobs created in January. The Household Survey, released at the same time, showed a loss of 31k jobs for January.

  27. AI Can Increase Job Satisfaction: 5 Strategies For Success

    1. Set Yourself Apart. By using AI and building your expertise in analytics and tech, you can set yourself apart for finding a new job, increasing your credibility and growing your career.Fully 50 ...

  28. Biden on Hur: 'How the hell dare he'

    A fiery President Joe Biden on Thursday night defended his mental capacity for the job and angrily questioned why the special counsel would write in his report that he couldn't recall when his ...

  29. Think you know what the top scam of 2023 was? Take a guess

    Every day people report to the FTC the scams they spot. Every year, the FTC shares the information we collect in a data book which tells a story about the top scams people tell us about - so we can all spot and avoid them. ... Unexpected life events, like a job loss or drop in income, may affect your ability to pay your bills, including car ...