Blog of the Textual Records Division at the National Archives
The Text Message
Defendant Jackets, Legal Abbreviations, and Aliases, Oh My!
Today’s post is written by Stephanie Stegman, the special media projects volunteer at the National Archives at Fort Worth.
What exactly is a “defendant jacket”? What does the charge “RLD” stand for? How do you find the records of a defendant if he or she had an alias or was charged with multiple co-defendants?
These are just some of the questions faced by archivists, researchers, and volunteers working with Fort Smith’s criminal case files from the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Arkansas (Record Group 21). Answers to these questions and more are now available on the “Research Guide to the Criminal Case Files of Fort Smith, Arkansas, 1866-1900.”
The court’s busy caseload and unusually large jurisdiction (74,000 square miles) make these records rich in stories from western Arkansas and the Indian Territory, today Oklahoma. The criminal case files from Fort Smith contain over 300,000 pages of court-ordered writs (arrest warrants, subpoenas, indictments, etc.) and other related court documents.
Yet, the court’s original filing system made these Wild West court cases difficult to search. Court papers from a defendant’s case file were stored in a pigeon-hole cabinet together with their co-defendants as well as other defendants with the same last name. Over time, when the pigeon holes became full, court employees transferred the contents to a numbered system of files or “jackets.” Thus, each defendant jacket contains multiple defendants and spans years. The “jacket number” became an important identifier to reference and to locate individual case files.
Two further potential problems for users were legal terminology and abbreviations found in the writs and other papers. Brushing up on your legalese will help you to identify the types of documents in a case file.
For instance, this document below comes from the case file of Bandit Queen Belle Starr and her co-defendant/husband Sam Starr. On the reverse side, the printed Latin word CAPIAS tells us it is an arrest warrant. Issued July 31, 1882, the warrant shows Deputy Marshal L.W. Marks found the pair two months later near Bird Creek in the Cherokee Nation and arrested them on September 21, 1882. [Online catalog identifier 7064406 ]
Legal abbreviations like “RLD” often appear in sentencing records. RLD stands for “retail liquor distributor.” Selling liquor in the Indian Territory was illegal, and this plus other liquor-related crimes were frequent at the Fort Smith federal district court. [Online catalog identifier 7064465 ]
Charges that came before the court’s long-serving “Hanging” Judge Isaac Parker ranged from illicit liquor distilling, which came with a fine and a six-month stay in the federal jail in the courthouse’s basement, to capital crimes like murder and rape. Regardless or the crime or the date of the trial, the first stop for researchers looking at cases from the Fort Smith court is the criminal case files on Ancestry.
Search for Eliza Alexander OR Mary Young, and you will get defendant jacket #214, which shows Eliza Alexander (alias Mary Young) indicted for adultery in 1889. Interestingly, charged with her, William J. Cooper, is not listed as a co-defendant; he has a separate file (defendant jacket #216). During their trials, both were found guilty. Eliza received four months in the Fort Smith federal jail (later reduced to 93 days). William was sent to the state penitentiary in Little Rock, AR for a longer term of eighteen months. [Online catalog identifiers 7063615 and 7063616 ]
However, since co-defendants share a case file, usually searching under the name of one defendant will yield documents with the names of their co-defendants. A good example is the infamous Dalton Gang, which consisted of brothers Grat, Bob, and Emmett Dalton and their friends. They appear multiple times in Fort Smith court records before the shoot-out in Coffeyville, Kansas in 1892, which left only Emmett alive and headed to the penitentiary. [Online catalog identifier 7064463 ]
Obviously, this process is a little confusing. In a pre-digital age, volunteers and staff at the National Archives at Fort Worth created several helpful guides to make searching for information easier: a defendant name index (with aliases), a victim name index, and a list of deputy marshal oaths. They compiled related records, like the court’s Sentence Record Books, to help give a more complete picture of the case files, which can contain just a single page or 60 plus pages. Thanks to a collaborative effort years in the making, the digitized images from the case files now can be used alongside these older resources.
Links to all records and indices can be found on the National Archives at Fort Worth’s new research guide website .
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Understanding the Different Styles of Hardcover Books
For many years, the hardback has been seen as a mark of quality, showing readers, reviewers, and booksellers that your book is worthy of attention. Hardcover books are also more durable, larger, and easier to display on shelves.
If you’re interested in printing your book in hardback, we at Palmetto Publishing are here to help. We offer book layout, book design, printing, marketing, and more.
However, before you print your hardcover book, you need to understand the different hardcover and binding styles available. Read on to learn about the pros and cons of each type. By the end of this article, you’ll have a clear idea of which hardcover style is best for your book.
Types of Hardcovers
Let’s begin by taking a look at the different kinds of hardcovers.
What is Case Laminate?
Case laminate books are hardcovers that don’t have dust jackets. Instead, the art and text are directly printed onto the cover. Pages of case laminate books are glued to the hardcover at the ends.
- Fully customizable
- Not as unique as some of the other choices on this list
What is a Dust Jacket?
Also known as a dust wrapper or book jacket, a dust jacket is a printed protective cover that wraps around a hardcover book. Like covers, they contain information about the book, including additional promotional information such as:
- A summary of the book’s content
- A short bio of the author
- Snippets of glowing reviews
The purpose of a dust jacket is to keep dust off your book cover. It also protects your hardback from spills, scratches, and grime.
Dust jackets aren’t permanently attached to their books — they’re held in place by flaps that fold around the back and front covers of your book. As such, they can easily be removed or attached to a book.
- Keeps the cover fresh and clean
- Great for collectors
- Great for literary and collector’s edition books
- Dust jacket flaps can be used as bookmarks
- Covers can easily fall off, rip, and get lost
- More expensive to create than other types of hardcover books
What is a Jacketed Case Laminate?
As its name suggests, a jacketed case laminate book is a case laminate with a dust jacket.
Traditionally, Palmetto only offered single-color book cloth cover options for jacketed hardcovers. But now, you can upload cover art for the interior cover. This way, your book will still have an eye-catching cover even without the jacket.
- Jackets can make your book feel more distinguished
- A great pick for literary books (i.e., think Philip Roth or Don DeLillo) since that’s what readers generally expect
- You can choose to print your cover on the book as well as on the jacket
- You can use your own font for the spine
- Jackets may easily get damaged
- More expensive than case laminate hardcover
What is a Digital Cloth™ Cover?
Palmetto’s printing partner also offers Digital Cloth™ covers with linen-textured lamination . These covers use digital images to mirror the look of a book cloth.
Digital Cloth™ books are available with or without dust jackets. They’re a good pick for literary or collector’s edition books.
- Subtle, cloth-like look
- Available for hardcovers with or without dust jackets
- Great for literary or collector’s edition books
- Looks relatively non-descript
- Only available for hardcover books printed in the U.S. and U.K.
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Now let’s take a look at the binding styles we offer.
What is Adhesive Case Binding?
When looking up options for your hardcover book, you’ve probably come across the phrase “adhesive case binding.” Although it sounds like a hardcover style, adhesive case binding actually refers to a binding option for your book.
Adhesive case binding is the hardcover version of perfect binding. It’s a common technique for books, magazines, catalogs, and journals throughout the publishing world.
As in case laminate books, pages in adhesive case bound books are attached with PUR glue. However, the pages aren’t glued to the hardcover at the ends; instead, they’re glued at the spine. The spine is also a part of the front cover — printers bend the front cover to create the spine. Because there’s no seam between the spine and the front cover, adhesive case binding is a great choice for wrap-around covers.
- Extremely customizable
- Durable, since PUR glue strengths the bonding of the pages to the spine
- An excellent fit for wrap-around covers
- Cost-effective hardcover book printing costs
- Stiff spine
- Binding doesn’t allow books to lay flat
In this binding method, bundles of pages called signatures are sewn together. The signatures are then sewn together using binder thread.
- Great for frequently used books
- Less stiff binding
- More expensive
An alternative to adhesive casebound, layflat books lay completely flat. As such, images can be printed across both halves of the spread with only a subtle fold down the middle.
- Great for landscape books that display panoramas
- Much easier to flip through than adhesive casebound books, since they lay flat and won’t spring back closed
- Takes a longer time to print
- More expensive, since layflat books require special equipment to print
Finally, we offer Wire-O binding. Also known as Double-O, Twin Loop, and Duo-Wire, Wire-O is a popular way to bind pages of documents.
Wire-O binding looks a lot like spiral coil binding but is more sophisticated and durable. It can accommodate inserts and pages of various thicknesses, including plastic and heavy cardstock index tabs and dividers.
- Pages turn easily and lay flat
- Excellent choice for cookbooks, directories, travel guides, calendars, instructional books, and music books
- Accommodates high or low page counts
- Faster to create
- Pages have holes in them
- Wires will crush under pressure
- Can’t re-use wires if the book is unbound
Which is the Best Hardcover Type for your Book?
To determine which hardcover and binding type are best for your book, you need to ask yourself:
- What your budget is: If you have a limited budget for printing books, consider getting a case laminate or a jacket-less Digital Cloth™ book. Books with jackets tend to be more expensive than “bare” hardcover books.
- How you’d like your book to look like: If you’re not too picky about your book’s cover or you prefer a more minimalistic feel, consider printing your book in Digital Cloth™. However, if you’ve already commissioned or created the cover art for your book, case laminate or jacketed case laminate would be better choices.
- Your target audience: Finally, you should consider who will buy your book . If you’re creating one-of-a-kind books for collectors, consider printing a layflat or smyth-sewn book with a dust jacket or as a Digital Cloth™ book. Digital Cloth™ and dust covers are also great picks for literary books.
- On the other hand, if you’re writing highly descriptive genre fiction — such as fantasy, Young Adult (YA), or sci-fi — jacketed case laminate or case laminate covers are probably your best options. These genres are highly visual, so jacketed case laminate or case laminate covers are a great way to attract audiences.
You also need to keep in mind that not all hardcover and binding styles are available on demand. For instance, only adhesive casebound, smyth-sewn, and lay flat books have the following options:
- Printed Laminated case (with or without dustjacket)
- Matte, gloss, and soft-touch matte lamination options on the cover and dust jacket
- Spot UV treatment
- Cloth (with or without dustjacket and with or without gold/silver or other foil stamps)
- Matte, gloss, or soft-touch matte lamination options on the cover and dustjacket (spot UV is also possible)
- Embossed dust jacket
- Digital Cloth™
- Three-piece cover, which is a case cover made from three different material types
Start Publishing With Palmetto
There’s a lot to consider when publishing your book in hardback. Besides determining your budget and how you’d like your book to look, you also need to think about your target audience. This can be a lot of work, especially when you’re already up to your nose in manuscripts.
Luckily, Palmetto can offer book help from start to finish. As a top-tier publisher , we can help you design your book. We also provide self-publishing help, cover design , interior formatting , illustration , editing , printing , and marketing services.
Contact us today to learn more about how we can help you print and market your book. Prices will depend on the paperweight, page count, trim size, hardcover type, dust jackets, and quantity ordered.
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Definition of jacket
(Entry 1 of 2)
Definition of jacket (Entry 2 of 2)
Examples of jacket in a Sentence
These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'jacket.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.
Middle English jaket , from Anglo-French jackés , plural, diminutive of Middle French jaque short jacket, from jacques peasant, from the name Jacques James
15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a
1856, in the meaning defined above
Phrases Containing jacket
- bomber jacket
- mess jacket
- Norfolk jacket
- Eton jacket
- monkey jacket
- flak jacket
- dust jacket
- donkey jacket
- bush jacket
- water jacket
- shell jacket
- smoking jacket
- sport jacket
- yellow jacket
- safari jacket
- shirt jacket
- dinner jacket
- life jacket
- sports jacket
Dictionary Entries Near jacket
Cite this entry.
“Jacket.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary , Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/jacket. Accessed 30 Oct. 2023.
Kids definition of jacket, medical definition, medical definition of jacket, legal definition, legal definition of jacket, more from merriam-webster on jacket.
Nglish: Translation of jacket for Spanish Speakers
Britannica English: Translation of jacket for Arabic Speakers
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Men's Snowmobile Jackets
Getting ready for the snowmobile season means that you should equip yourself with the right gear. Check out our selection of men snowmobile jackets featuring dry vents systems and insultation to keep your warm at all times when braving the cold weather. Here you'll find quality jackets with a variety of features to keep you comfortable the whole way through.
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Why is it better to use a snowmobile jacket rather than a normal winter jacket?
Some would argue that the most important piece of gear to get when it comes to snowmobile riding is a jacket. Snowmobile jackets are different from regular winter jackets because they’ve been developed and refined each year to make sure your torso stays warm and comfortable in the coldest of temperatures. There are now specific jacket styles for the type of riding you enjoy the most. So picking a snowmobile jacket is a great way to enhance your experience on the trail.
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- Travel Products
The 9 Best Packable Jackets of 2023, Tested and Reviewed
We tested jackets that can fit in luggage without taking up too much space.
Anna Popp is a Commerce Writer at Travel + Leisure where she tests, researches, and writes about travel products. Since living overseas in 2018, Anna has been a travel writer and began reviewing products in 2021.
In This Article
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- Our top picks
- Others We Liked
Our Testing Process
- Tips for Buying
- Why Trust T+L
We independently evaluate all recommended products and services. If you click on links we provide, we may receive compensation. Learn more .
Travel + Leisure / Jhett Thompson
Packing for a cold weather getaway can be difficult since bulky clothes take up a lot of space. To eliminate the stress of trying to fit warm clothing in a suitcase, invest in a packable jacket as the ultimate hack.
Travel editors already double as packing experts so we researched and tried out 19 portable jackets for various activities. From hiking and biking to sightseeing and air travel, the coats came with us on short and long trips so we could gauge the usefulness, quality, fit, and overall design to endorse the top-scoring packable jackets from our tests.
Columbia women's switchback iii jacket.
- Ease of Use 5 /5
- Comfort 5 /5
- Design 5 /5
It folds down to a fraction of the original size and comes with a stowaway hood.
It has a slim fit so we recommend sizing up if you like to layer.
Columbia is one of the most trusted brands on the market for outdoor gear so it’s no surprise to us that this jacket earned a perfect score in testing. Of course, our favorite feature of this jacket is the ability to fold it into itself to save space in a suitcase. This lightweight coat is also equipped with other helpful features to ward off rain, wind, and other inclement weather while traveling. It comes with a stowaway hood that hides in the collar of your jacket and can easily be pulled out or tucked in as needed. We’re also big fans of the adjustable velcro wrist cuffs and bungee cord hem to tighten or loosen the jacket for a more customized fit. We found that the jacket runs true to size, but if you want to layer clothing under the jacket (which we recommend for cold weather because the material is relatively thin), then you may want to size up.
Price at time of publish: $75
The Details: XS to 3XL | Polyester, nylon
Travel + Leisure / Jhett Thompson
Travel + Leisure / Joy Kim
Cotopaxi women's teca half-zip windbreaker.
- Comfort 4.5 /5
The jacket is ideal for transitional seasons like spring and fall.
It’s not the most breathable jacket.
This Cotopaxi anorak is the best lightweight layer we tested that is protective against breezy outings. It’s made with a water- and wind-resistant, repurposed polyester taffeta material with a DWR finish to repel light rain for all types of activities. Lightweight and durable don’t always go hand in hand, but after using this jacket for rigorous outdoor adventures like biking and hiking, the jacket hasn’t wavered in quality even the slightest. It has a slightly oversized fit so we were able to fit a sweatshirt underneath, but the thinner jacket can also layer underneath a larger coat as needed. One slight inconvenience is that the anorak style means it can’t be fully unzipped to cool off a bit in warmer weather, and there aren’t any vents, so it’s not the most breathable jacket.
Price at time of publish: $80
The Details: XXS to XXL | Repurposed polyester taffeta
Du/er weightless reversible jacket.
- Design 4.5 /5
The jacket has both a versatile cotton fabric and a puffer jacket side.
The sleeves are a bit short and the boxy fit can be a little awkward to wear.
Versatility is key when it comes to investing a capsule wardrobe for travel so we recommend this reversible jacket from DU/ER. While some reversible jackets might only change the pattern or color, this jacket actually has two different materials on each side. One features a brown cotton fabric and the other is a blue puffer material so you really get two looks in one. It does have a boxy fit and we thought the sleeves could have been a bit longer, but it can also be cinched at the waist and adjusted for even more versatility. The midweight coat doesn’t come with a packable bag but it’s compact enough to fit in a carry-on without taking up much space as well.
Price at time of publish: $169
The Details: XS to XL | Cotton, nylon, spandex
Best Long Jacket
Everlane the renew long liner.
- Ease of Use 4.5 /5
It has split zippers to increase range of motion when needed.
We recommend sizing down due to the oversized fit.
For cold-weather travel, you’ll need a cozy and warm jacket that won’t take up an entire suitcase so we recommend this quilted jacket from Everlane. The longer length means the hem sits below the knees for more coverage than a regular puffer jacket. Although this jacket has more material than other jackets we tested, it still packs down small enough to fit in a small carry-on or backpack. Made with recycled polyester, the coat has a slightly puffed, quilted design and it provides plenty of warmth in the colder temperatures. For transitional weather, the split zippers were super helpful for breathability and mobility since we could unzip from both the top and bottom. The jacket is designed to be oversized but even when we sized down, it was still roomy which is something to consider for style and fit.
Price at time of publish: $198
The Details: XXS to XL | Recycled polyester
Girlfriend collective packable puffer.
- Ease of Use 4 /5
The jacket comes in several stunning colorways and 10 size options.
It was difficult to get the jacket into the carrying pouch.
Girlfriend Collective constantly wows us with flattering, size-inclusive, and stylish clothing for travel and the Crystal Packable Puffer is no exception. And the cherry on top is that the brand has an excellent sustainability mission so this jacket is made entirely of recycled water bottles. We love that the jacket comes in six earth-tone colors and there are 10 sizes ranging from XXS to 6XL. In testing, the lightweight puffer was warm enough for cooler fall days and there’s enough room to layer underneath for the winter. The material is water- and wind-resistant so it can serve as an outer layer in inclement weather while still being thin enough to be worn underneath a bigger jacket. We had some difficulty getting the puffer to fit inside the stuff sack pocket, but we had no issues folding up the jacket to fit in a suitcase as is, so we still think it’s great for travel.
Price at time of publish: $148
The Details: XXS to 6XL | Recycled polyester
Best for Hiking
L.l. bean women’s primaloft packaway jacket.
- Comfort 4 /5
It’s warm and breathable for hiking in cold climates.
The petite size was oversized so you may want to size down.
Since the weather can change drastically in the great outdoors, it’s important to bring layers when you’re on a trek. Space can be limited in a hiking backpack so this L.L. Bean packable jacket is the best option for staying warm and saving space. It can be tucked away in its own pocket and the packed jacket measures 6 x 11 inches so it can easily fit in a daypack or even a fanny pack. Besides its packability, the jacket is water- and wind-resistant, and each jacket has 60 grams of PrimaLoft Gold insulation to keep you plenty warm in cold weather. We love that the outer layer comes in six sizes in regular, petite, and plus cuts but we felt like even the petite size was slightly oversized so you might want to size down for a slimmer fit.
Price at time of publish: $179
The Details: XXS to XL | Recycled ripstop polyester
Patagonia women's nano puff jacket.
- Design 3.5 /5
- Value 4.5 /5
The featherlight material is flexible and doesn’t feel restrictive.
We wish it had a hood.
If you’re in search of a jacket to toss on for pretty much any activity, then Patagonia’s Nano Puff Jacket is the one for you. This nearly weightless jacket is made with recycled polyester filled with 60 grams of the 100 percent recycled PrimaLoft Gold Insulation Eco, which makes this an excellent option for those looking to reduce their ecological footprint with a consciously-made coat. The most-loved aspect of the Nano Puff is that, although it’s technically a puffer, the materials are so lightweight that it doesn’t feel bulky or too hot for a range of activities. It’s warm but breathable and there’s plenty of stretch for a full range of motion. Plus, the thinner materials make it easy to fold the jacket into its own pocket for excellent portability. We do wish it had a hood and waterproofness for outdoor activities but the shell is still water resistant.
Price at time of publish: $239
The Details: XXS to XXL | Recycled polyester
Lululemon pack it down jacket.
- Comfort 4.9 /5
The goose down fill jacket is so cozy and toasty.
It might be too warm to wear for rigorous exercise.
For ski trips or any other winter travel, this goose down fill jacket from Lululemon is your best bet for staying warm in cold weather. It’s made with 100 percent goose feather down fill packed between the brand’s DiamondStretch fabric that boasts resistance against water, wind, and offers plenty of stretch for mobility. While this jacket is quite puffy, it effortlessly fits inside the included stuff sack and we love that the coat doesn’t wrinkle even the slightest when it comes out of the pouch. This is a seriously warm and cozy puffer so we think it’s best for leisurely activities rather than hiking since we got fairly sweaty and had to take it off during a trek. Our other favorite features include the removable hood, fleece-lined pockets, and hidden phone or passport sleeve for safekeeping.
The Details: 0 to 14 | DiamondStretch fabric
Travel + Leisure / Elena Garcia
Best Budget Down
Uniqlo women's ultra light down jacket.
It comes with a sleeping-bag-like stuff sack to compress the puffer jacket down.
The quality seems a bit lower compared to other jackets we tried.
This packable puffer from Uniqlo comes with a stuff sack similar to a sleeping bag, but much easier to pack. We love that the stuff sack comes with a drawstring cord so you can really compress the jacket to a size that easily fits in a carry-on without taking up much space. The jacket is quite puffy but not in a bulky way so we’re big fans of the lightweight nylon shell filled with 90 percent down fill. It has the perfect balance of warmth and breathability for various activities and, although it doesn’t have a hood, it does have a cozy puffed collar for extra warmth around the neck. The only downside is that the stitching and materials feel slightly lower quality compared to pricier coats we tested, but we didn’t notice any damage to the jacket during testing so we think the price matches the quality of the coat.
The Details: XXS to XXL | Nylon
Other Packable Jackets We Liked
The jackets below still earned high scores during testing, but we ran into a few issues that prevented us from adding them to our winner’s list.
Decathlon Forclaz Women's MT100 Hooded Down Puffer Jacket : This down-filled puffer jacket is super cozy and warm but it takes some serious elbow grease to get it to fit inside the stuff sack.
Orvis Pack-And-Go Jacket : It’s not the warmest jacket (so you’ll definitely want layers underneath), but it is a very compact and lightweight jacket that packs down easily into a pouch.
Packable jackets are essential for traveling in cooler climates so we researched all the best options and selected 19 jackets from trusted outerwear brands like Patagonia, Everlane, Cotopaxi, and more to test out. We made sure to pick packable jackets that range in style, material, size, and color to find ones that fit the needs for all types of travelers.
We tasked 19 travel editors and product testing experts to wear the jackets for over two weeks to get a feel for the fit, quality, comfort, and design of the coat. And, of course, the most important aspect of these outerwear pieces was the packability so we made sure to use the stuff sacks (if included) to pack and unpack the jackets many times. If the jacket didn’t come with a case, we still packed them in carry-ons, backpacks, and purses to see how much space they would take up.
Tips for Buying a Packable Jacket
Consider your activities.
Before you start shopping for a packable jacket, ask yourself what its main use will be. Is it for outdoor activities? Or more leisurely or style purposes? The answer to this question will greatly impact the traits to look for in a packable jacket. Nature enthusiasts should opt for sporty coats that feature water and wind resistance with breathable and lightweight materials. Longer packable jackets with down fill or thicker outer materials will be best for casual wear rather than rigorous activities.
Look for thoughtful features for travel
Most of the jackets we loved most came with stuff sacks for superior portability. While that didn’t necessarily mean they were better than jackets that didn’t come with a case, it’s certainly something to consider for personal preference. Other helpful features to look out for include removable hoods, hidden pockets for valuables, and customizable features like bungee cords at the hem and adjustable wrist cuffs.
There isn’t a right or wrong way to fold a jacket and it depends on the size of the jacket and stuff sack. Some jackets are easier to fold up than others, so whichever way you can get the jacket into the bag gets the job done. The jacket might come out looking wrinkly whether you shove it in the sack or fold it up nicely and it ultimately depends on how prone to wrinkling the material is.
Packable jackets come in various styles, which means it depends on the material and intended use of the jacket. Down-filled options will be the warmest and rain jackets will likely be the least warm, but the intended use for each item is different.
Not all packable jackets are waterproof so if you’re looking for a truly waterproof jacket, it’s important to read the specifications section on the website. Most rain jackets will be waterproof but others could just be water-resistant instead.
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A warning and 3 advisories in effect for 7 regions in the area
Federal judge reimposes limited gag order in donald trump’s 2020 election interference case.
Alanna Durkin Richer And Eric Tucker
WASHINGTON – The federal judge overseeing Donald Trump’s 2020 election interference case in Washington on Sunday reimposed a narrow gag order barring him from making public comments targeting prosecutors, court staff and potential witnesses.
The reinstatement of the gag order was revealed in a brief notation on the online case docket Sunday night, but the order itself was not immediately available, making it impossible to see the judge’s rationale or the precise contours of the restrictions.
U.S. District Judge Tanya Chutkan, who is presiding over the federal case charging Trump with plotting to overturn the results of the 2020 election, had temporarily lifted the gag order as she considered the former president's request to keep it on hold while he challenges the restrictions on his speech in higher courts.
But Chutkan agreed to reinstate the order after prosecutors cited Trump's recent social media comments about his former chief of staff they said represented an attempt to influence and intimidate a likely witness in the case.
The order is a fresh reminder that Trump's penchant for incendiary and bitter rants about the four criminal cases that he's facing, though politically beneficial in rallying his supporters as he seeks to reclaim the White House, carry practical consequences in court. Two separate judges have now imposed orders mandating that he rein in his speech, with the jurist presiding over a civil fraud trial in New York issuing a monetary fine last week.
A request for comment was sent Sunday to a Trump attorney, Todd Blanche. Trump in a social media post late Sunday acknowledged that the gag order was back in place, calling it “NOT CONSITUTIONAL!”
Trump's lawyers have said they will seek an emergency stay of the order from the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit. The defense has said Trump is entitled to criticize prosecutors and “speak truth to oppression."
Trump has denied any wrongdoing in the case. He has made a central part of his 2024 campaign for president vilifying special counsel Jack Smith and others involved the criminal cases against him, casting himself as the victim of a politicized justice system.
Prosecutors have said Trump's verbal attacks threaten to undermine the integrity of the case and risk inspiring his supporters to violence.
Smith's team said Trump took advantage of the recent lifting of the gag order to “send an unmistakable and threatening message” to his former chief of staff, Mark Meadows, who was reported by ABC News to have received immunity to testify before a grand jury.
The former president mused on social media about the possibility that Meadows would give testimony to Smith in exchange for immunity. One part of the post said: “Some people would make that deal, but they are weaklings and cowards, and so bad for the future our Failing Nation. I don’t think that Mark Meadows is one of them but who really knows?”
In a separate case, Trump was fined last week $10,000 after the judge in his civil fraud trial in New York said the former president had violated a gag order.
Richer reported from Boston.
Copyright 2023 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed without permission.
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Voter fraud charges dropped against 69-year-old black woman.
Prosecutors dropped the charges against a 69-year-old Black woman arrested last month on voter fraud charges in Tallahassee, Florida.
Marsha Ervin was on probation after a felony conviction when she voted in the 2020 general and 2022 primary elections.
In a filing on Tuesday, State Attorney Jack Campbell wrote, “There is no witness who can testify to the defendant being told that she was ineligible to vote and some evidence to corroborate her assertions that she believed she could lawfully vote.”
Ervin’s probation officer played a role in Campbell’s decision. She gave the state two documents that reviewed the conditions of Ervin’s probation.
According to the filing, one was signed in October 2022 and explicitly explains that the offender could not legally vote while on probation. The other was signed in November 2018 and does not contain this wording.
“The voting incidents were between these two dates, and there is no indication that she has voted since being provided this information,” Campbell wrote.
Civil rights activists call for voter fraud charges against Black woman to be dropped
The filing also shows prosecutors spoke to the Leon County supervisor of elections, who called Ervin’s voting “an innocent mistake.”
Tallahassee police arrested Ervin, based on information from a Florida Office of Election Crimes and Security investigation, at her home around 3 a.m. on September 29, an arrest affidavit shows.
“I was excited for and happy for Ms. Ervin,” her attorney, Mutaqee Akbar, tells CNN. “I don’t think she deserved to go through this whole process. I am happy that this part of it is all over for her.”
Civil rights and state democratic leadership have noted that Ervin’s case highlights the confusion many people with felony convictions face when trying to navigate voting in Florida.
Akbar hopes it acts as a cautionary tale to investigators with the Election Crimes and Security office. “I’m hoping that it gives them some pause to look for people who are actually committing fraud by voting twice for dead people, as opposed to innocent people like Miss Ervin,” he said.
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Jay-Z Reveals What It'll Take for Him to Get Back in the Studio
Hov hasn't released a solo album since 2017's '4:44.'
In another clip taken from his interview with Gayle King for CBS Mornings , Jay-Z revealed what it would take for him to hop in the studio again.
The multimedia mogul was questioned whether he would ever make new music and admitted that he already used the word "retirement" only to go back on it later. "I'll say I wanna make music, but it has to be something important," he shared. "I don’t wanna just make a bunch of tunes. That’s not gonna serve me. It won’t feed me, first of all. ... I have to be saying something important. It has to mean something, you know? It has to mean something to a larger society."
He highlighted his 2017 album 4:44 , his most recent solo record, as an example of the material that could convince him to make new music. " 4:44 , for example, was a personal story, but the amount of vulnerability in there allowed for a lot of people to explore the space," he said.
View this photo on Instagram
The last full-length project from Jay-Z was the 2018 collaborative album with his wife Beyoncé , Everything Is Love . It's not like he hasn't been dropping verses in the years since, though, as he has shown up on tracks from the likes of Jay Electronica, DJ Khaled, Drake, Kid Cudi, and the artist formerly known as Kanye West.
Hov famously announced his retirement in 2003, but it didn't last long because he released a total of five solo albums in the years that followed. In a 2022 interview with Kevin Hart , he broached the subject of retirement and suggested that it's not on the cards for him.
“Nah, I tried that,” Jay said. “I don’t know what happens next. I’m not actively making music or making an album or have plans to make an album, but I never want to say that I’m retired. It’s a gift, so who am I to shut it off? And it may have a different form or interpretation. Maybe it’s not an album, maybe it is. I have no idea, but I’m just going to leave it open.”
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The Western Journal
‘He’s Jim Jordan with a Jacket and a Smile’: MSNBC Reporter Melts Down Over New Speaker
Posted: October 27, 2023 | Last updated: October 27, 2023
The progressives are about as creative as termites mindlessly eating away at the Constitution. It's pretty bad when one of their tired insults sounds more like a compliment.
Take the case of MSNBC reporter Ali Vitali. She looked like she was about to blow a gasket Wednesday while ranting about Louisianan GOP Rep. Mike Johnson being elected as the speaker of the House.
“He’s Jim Jordan with a jacket and a smile,” Vitali told Nicolle Wallace, host of MSNBC's "Deadline: White House."
It sounds like a compliment, right? It wasn't meant to be.
For Democrat lawmakers -- that's who MSNBC hosts and their ilk take orders from -- Johnson is among the worst of the congressional Republicans.
Why? Because in 2020, he "sent an email from a personal email account to every House Republican soliciting signatures for an amicus brief in the longshot Texas lawsuit seeking to invalidate electoral college votes from Georgia, Michigan, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin," CNN reported at the time.
The Supreme Court, saying Texas lacked the standing to file the lawsuit, declined to hear the case.
You can see where this is all headed. It's nothing new. As far as the left is concerned, Johnson is an election denier and therefore must be crucified by the media.
Wallace started the segment Wednesday by declaring the new speaker is "way outside the mainstream" on numerous issues, including "democracy."
“That’s something that when you actually start parsing through the policy comes through very clearly, that this is someone who maybe without the publicity and fanfare is certainly working in lockstep on the same ideological and ethos ideas that people like Jim Jordan and Steve Scalise have been talking about over the course of the last several years,” Vitali fumed.
"He just hasn't been doing it as often on Fox News," she said.
Get it? Johnson might be worse than even Donald Trump as far as the left is concerned. He's soft-spoken, well-dressed, an expert on the Constitution and a decidedly devout Christian . No mean tweets from Mike Johnson. He's SuperTrump in a Clark Kent disguise.
Vitali was working up to the crescendo.
“The conversation that you and I were having was that it’s part and parcel to the Republican conference platform in the House right now to have anti-small-D democratic values, and so it shouldn’t be striking that the person they put up for this job maybe wasn’t cited all over the Jan. 6 report, though there is at least one mention of him in there, but instead, he’s someone who simply provided some of the attempted rationale for how to overturn an election,” she huffed.
And there you have it. Johnson is part of the Jan. 6, 2021, wild bunch who tried to overthrow the government by filing an amicus brief. The horror.
The Louisiana congressman won the speaker roll by a 220-209 vote in the House of Representatives . That means the Republicans are now unified. No more bickering. Get on the floor, take the vote, get off the floor, new speaker. By the numbers. What fiends.
“I know some people might say it’s in the past, but certainly Jan. 6 and 2020 loom so large over this building every single day," Vitali lamented.
"And now you have someone in the presidential line of succession who helped with that rationale in a key way that Republican members of Congress were using his legal bases that were, of course, flimsy and nonconstitutional, but were trying to use them as their rationale for why they voted against certifying the election results -- I think that’s extremely striking and speaks to where the party is right now," she said.
Thanks for the non-lesson on the Constitution, Ms. Viatli. If I remember correctly, Speaker Johnson is the expert in constitutional law , not you.
What makes her and the entire left really afraid is that Johnson is a smart guy with rock-solid Christian values. He's an authentic conservative, and he's now third in line for the presidency.
Even worse -- and Vitiali almost said it out loud -- the Republicans, as a party, are unified behind Johnson.
Will it last? Who knows? Let's pray that it does.
Those on the left will beat their Jan. 6 narrative hype to death just like they did the Russian collusion hoax. They don't know what else to do except wait for the next crisis -- manufactured or not -- to exploit.
Whether it's "Russia, Russia, Russia!" or "Mike Johnson is an insurrectionist!" you can bet mainstream media all will be telling the same story and working themselves into a cowhearted frenzy while doing it.
Any day now, I expect, the left, as a collective, will suffer a simultaneous nervous breakdown.
Until then, they're as dangerous as a colony of ravenous termites in the frame of a wooden house. That's pretty dangerous. If we're not careful the mindless devourers will have us in World War III.
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