Worksheets For Teachers

  • English Language Arts
  • Graphic Organizers
  • Social Studies
  • Teacher Printables
  • Foreign Language

Home > English Language Arts Worksheets > Paraphrasing

When we do research, we will often find value in the work of others. By sharing this information or ideas with our audience we can immediately establish trust from them. We can achieve this by rewriting these thoughts in our own words. When we are paraphrasing in our work it is important to keep the original meaning and facts intact. In many cases the sheer volume of the original work is reduced in form when being paraphrased. In some cases, you will only need to paraphrase a sentence, in other situations an entire paragraph will be your target. Being able to paraphrase properly is a key research communication skill. It displays that we have a good command on our sources. This also serves as a potent substitute for a direct quote, which in certain situations can flow much better. Sourcing our arguments is helpful because it adds a level of validation to what we are saying. Otherwise it may come across as an opinion. It also displays that you have control over and a high level of understanding of the source because you were able to write it in your own words. When you are about to paraphrase something make certain you fully understand what is being said, if anything is unclear ask someone who is knowledge of it.

The best way to approach paraphrasing is to start by reading the work a few times. Now write an original thought based on what you have read. Make sure what you write keeps the nature and tone the author was originally trying to create. When you complete your paraphrase make sure to include a citation of where the original source is given credit. These worksheets will help you learn how to use paraphrasing in your work.

Get Free Worksheets In Your Inbox!

Printable paraphrasing worksheets, click the buttons to print each worksheet and answer key..

paraphrase activity pdf

The Paragraph

Paraphrasing means restating an author’s words in your own words without changing the meaning of the passage or including any interpretation of your own. When you paraphrase something, you only relay the idea expressed, not the entire quoted passage.


From Sources

Read each passage. On a separate page, paraphrase each passage. Try not to look back at the original while you are paraphrasing.

paraphrase activity pdf

Susan B. Anthony

Read Susan B. Anthony's speech below. Then paraphrase the speech.

paraphrase activity pdf

Highlight the portion of the text that you would like to focus on. Then paraphrase the ideas on the notecard below.

paraphrase activity pdf

Paraphrasing Practice

Paraphrase each passage.

paraphrase activity pdf

Read and Paraphrase

An onomatopoeia is a word that sounds like the sound it is trying to describe.

paraphrase activity pdf

Paraphrasing with Synonyms

Rewrite each sentence below, replacing each underlined word with a synonym.

paraphrase activity pdf

Paraphrasing Worksheet

Read the assigned passage. Then answer the questions below.

paraphrase activity pdf

Using Synonyms When Paraphrasing

paraphrase activity pdf

Rafael Palma

Paraphrase Palma's speech for use in your article. Then complete the worksheet below.

paraphrase activity pdf

Paraphrasing means restating what an author has said in your own words without changing the meaning of the passage or including any interpretation of your own. When you paraphrase something, you only relay the idea expressed, not the entire quoted passage.

paraphrase activity pdf

As you conduct your research, fill out the questionnaire below for each of your sources.

paraphrase activity pdf

Paraphrase It

A citizen is someone who is able to legally participate in a political community such as a state, country, or local government.

paraphrase activity pdf

This American Government

I Used My Own Words! Paraphrasing Informational Texts

I Used My Own Words! Paraphrasing Informational Texts

  • Resources & Preparation
  • Instructional Plan
  • Related Resources

Paraphrasing helps students make connections with prior knowledge, demonstrate comprehension, and remember what they have read. Through careful explanation and thorough modeling by the teacher in this lesson, students learn to use paraphrasing to monitor their comprehension and acquire new information. They also realize that if they cannot paraphrase after reading, they need to go back and reread to clarify information. In pairs, students engage in guided practice so that they can learn to use the strategy independently. Students will need prompting and encouragement to use this strategy after the initial instruction is completed. The lesson can be extended to help students prepare to write reports about particular topics.

Featured Resources

  • San Diego Zoo: Animal Bytes  
  • National Geographic Kids: Creature Features  
  • Australia Zoo: Amazing Animals

From Theory to Practice

  • Paraphrasing helps readers monitor their comprehension.  
  • Paraphrasing encourages readers to make connections with prior knowledge.  
  • Paraphrasing helps readers remember what they have read.
  • In effective strategy instruction, the teacher explains the purpose of the strategy, how to use it, and when and where to use it  
  • In effective strategy instruction, the teacher models strategy use for students and provides guided practice before expecting students to use the strategy independently.

Common Core Standards

This resource has been aligned to the Common Core State Standards for states in which they have been adopted. If a state does not appear in the drop-down, CCSS alignments are forthcoming.

State Standards

This lesson has been aligned to standards in the following states. If a state does not appear in the drop-down, standard alignments are not currently available for that state.

NCTE/IRA National Standards for the English Language Arts

  • 1. Students read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world; to acquire new information; to respond to the needs and demands of society and the workplace; and for personal fulfillment. Among these texts are fiction and nonfiction, classic and contemporary works.
  • 3. Students apply a wide range of strategies to comprehend, interpret, evaluate, and appreciate texts. They draw on their prior experience, their interactions with other readers and writers, their knowledge of word meaning and of other texts, their word identification strategies, and their understanding of textual features (e.g., sound-letter correspondence, sentence structure, context, graphics).

Materials and Technology

  • Computers with Internet access  
  • Whiteboard (or overhead) for projection of text and shared writing  
  • Print or digital texts on instructional levels of students in the class  
  • Individual copies of texts (if computers are not available)


Student objectives.

Students will

  • Demonstrate comprehension by paraphrasing facts from informational texts  
  • Gain knowledge and apply what they have learned about paraphrasing by reading information about three unusual animals

Session 1: Introduction of Paraphrasing

Session 2: review and guided practice with paraphrasing, session 3: review and guided practice with paraphrasing, session 4: review and independent practice with paraphrasing.

Paraphrasing is a good way to prepare students to write written reports. When students put information into their own words, they are not copying directly from a text. After the previous four sessions, a possible extension would be to identify another topic (such as countries, planets, plants), have students brainstorm what kind of questions would be interesting to answer about these, assign print materials or websites for students to read and paraphrase, take notes to answer the questions, and prepare written reports. These would be more formal than the quick writes that were done in the paraphrasing sessions.

Student Assessment / Reflections

  • Throughout the sessions, when students are working in pairs or independently, make note of whether or not they are using their own words in paraphrasing. Be ready to intervene with additional modeling and practice if students are having difficulty paraphrasing.  
  • The quick writes at the end of the sessions should be collected to see whether students are using their own words, whether they have understood the text they read, and what information they have learned about the animals. Compare the prior knowledge that you assessed at the beginning of each session with the information included in the quick writes to see what new information has been learned.

Add new comment

  • Print this resource

Explore Resources by Grade

  • Kindergarten K
  • List of All Subjects
  • Worksheets by Subject
  • Language Arts
  • Paraphrasing

Paraphrasing Worksheets

Language arts categories, free weekly worksheets, worksheets by email, what is paraphrasing.

People love to discuss something new every day. They gossip television shows, heard stories, news with the other persons. This talk further proceeds in the curiosity of what, how, and why the incident occurred? It happened between friends, family, and colleagues to refresh their minds. Whatever theme the discussion has included storyline, events, main characters, crucial points, considerations, etc. The author uses his or her own words or informal writing (under rules and regulations). All of such a structure of writing something or explaining something will be in your own words. During all of this process, you convey someone's message or express someone's ideas. Don't forget to maintain your ideas and source meaning while paraphrasing. You will use the main idea at the time of specific needs in your own words. How can you paraphrase a source? Give two or three times to read the original paragraph until and unless you understand it. After a thorough understanding, start writing the main idea by using your own words. Avoid generating the order of emphasis and ideas. Go through all unknown words. Observe each word that makes a clear sense of your writing. Check the tone of each paragraph, and it must be intuitive with a correct flow of understanding. Change as per the requirement, such as appropriate tone, meaning variation, and words or phrases related to the original words.

paraphrase activity pdf

When you paraphrase, you restate an author’s words in your own words without changing the meaning of the passage or including any of your own thoughts or ideas about it. When you paraphrase something, you only relay the main idea, not the entire passage.

paraphrase activity pdf

Paraphrasing from Sources

Read each passage. On a separate page, paraphrase each passage. Try not to look back at the original while you are paraphrasing.

paraphrase activity pdf

: The passage below is from The Practice and Science of Drawing by Harold Speed. Read the passage. Then paraphrase what you have read.

paraphrase activity pdf

Where Is It?

Highlight the portion of the text that you would like to focus on. Then paraphrase the ideas on the notecard below.

paraphrase activity pdf

In Your Own Words

Paraphrase each passage.

paraphrase activity pdf

Paraphrasing Practice

Read the passage. Highlight what you think is most important. Then paraphrase the highlighted information below.

paraphrase activity pdf

Paraphrasing and Synonyms

One strategy for paraphrasing is to use synonyms. Rewrite each sentence below, replacing each underlined word or phrase with a synonymous word or phrase.

paraphrase activity pdf

What are the author’s main supporting points?

paraphrase activity pdf

Use Synonyms

Rewrite each sentence below, replacing each underlined word with a synonym.

paraphrase activity pdf

The Manifesto

The passage below is taken from The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Paraphrase the passage.

paraphrase activity pdf

50 million people in the U.S. eat fast food daily, which equates to about one in every seven people. It’s not surprising, then, the fast food restaurants have a combined revenue in the U.S. of $110 billion dollars every year.

paraphrase activity pdf

What does the main character(s) decide to do about their problem?

paraphrase activity pdf

Paraphrasing for Research

paraphrase activity pdf

When You Do It!

When you paraphrase, you convey the main ideas of a passage in your own words. A paraphrase should contain all the most important information in a brief format. Use the organizer below to identify what you want to make sure that you include when you paraphrase the passage. Write your paraphrase below.

paraphrase activity pdf

Minds in Bloom

By Rachel Lynette

Teaching Kids to Paraphrase, Step by Step

Teaching kids to paraphrase is often just as challenging as paraphrasing is on its own. Rachel Lynette shares some of her top tips for teaching students how to paraphrase, step by step, in this blog post. You can also learn more about two sets of paraphrasing task cards that are available in her Teachers Pay Teachers store!

Start by Talking

Paraphrase together.

  • Reword – Replace words and phrases with synonyms whenever you can.
  • Rearrange – Rearrange words within sentences to make new sentences. You can even rearrange the ideas presented within the paragraph.
  • Realize that some words and phrases cannot be changed – names, dates, titles, etc. cannot be replaced, but you can present them differently in your paraphrase.
  • Recheck – Make sure that your paraphrase conveys the same meaning as the original text.
At just 8.5 square miles, the Pacific island country of Nauru is one of the smallest countries in the world. The island was once rich in phosphate, but most of the resource has been mined, leaving damage to the environment behind. Nauru has a population of about 10,000 people.

Paraphrased Text:

Nauru is a Pacific island country that is only 8.5  square miles in area. It is one of the smallest  countries on the planet and only about 10,000 people  live there. Nauru has mined its once plentiful  supply of phosphate. This has damaged the  environment on the island.

Independent Practice

Paraphrase It Task Cards for Grades 4-8

Pulling It All Together

  • paraphrasing from notes you have taken from the original text, rather than from the text itself.
  • including quotes in your paraphrased writings.
  • paraphrasing some parts and summarizing other parts.
  • paraphrasing, summarizing, and including quotes all in one piece.
  • using more than one source to paraphrase, summarize, and include quotes. (Throw in a bibliography, and what do you know? You’ve written an actual report!)

I apologize, but I had to remove all comments and disable commenting on this post because the topic attracts scores of  bottom-feeders trying to drum up business for their unethical term paper writing services.

Paraphrase It Task Cards for Grades 2-4

Related posts:

Paraphrasing & Summarizing Freebie

Join our Amazing Group of Teachers!

Subscribe to get weekly freebies, teacher care, and more!

[…] example, when children are learning about gravity, it’s unlikely that the best way to teach them would be through […]

[…] and Cassi at Minds in Bloom offer this advice when paraphrasing – think about the 4 […]

paraphrase activity pdf

Purdue OWL® Exercises Purdue OWL® College of Liberal Arts

Paraphrase and Summary Exercises

OWL logo

Welcome to the Purdue OWL

This page is brought to you by the OWL at Purdue University. When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice.

Copyright ©1995-2018 by The Writing Lab & The OWL at Purdue and Purdue University. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use.

The exercises in this section provide opportunities for second language writers (ESL) of various proficiency levels to practice with paraphrase and summary writing.

Exercises in this section were developed by Kamal Belmihoub. Last Update May 29, 2014.

Basic-level Paraphrase and Summary Writing


Paraphrasing refers to rewriting a given sentence using your own words. When we need to use a sentence in our writing that someone else wrote, we paraphrase it. That is, we use the same idea(s) in that sentence and write it differently. In addition to using different words, we use different grammar. The main purpose of paraphrasing has to do with being able to use someone else’s ideas while we write our own texts. Of course, it is required that any writer acknowledges the original source using the proper citation format.

This paraphrase has too many words, such as “PayLess is closed because of” are repeated. It is important to use different words and grammatical structure, while keeping the same meaning of the original sentence.

As can be seen in the above example, in addition to using different words, the grammatical structure of the sentence was changed by starting with the second part (dependent clause) of the original sentence.


A summary should be a short version of a longer original source. Its main goal is to present a large amount of information in a short and concise text that includes only the most important ideas of the original text.

Intermediate-level Paraphrase Exercises

Source Material

Inappropriate paraphrase

The inappropriate paraphrase is too close to the original sentence. Several words are the same and the complex structure of the sentence is the same. Deleting some words from the original sentence is not enough to write an appropriate paraphrase.

Appropriate paraphrase

The appropriate paraphrase uses a different structure for the sentence, and most words are different from the original.

Paraphrase Summary Exercises List of Works Consulted

List of works consulted.

“American History Series: The United States Turns Inward After World War One.” Voice of America, 24 Nov. 2010. Web. 1 April 2013.

“Budgets Slash English Classes for Immigrants.” 8 Apr.. 2013. Web. 1 May 2013.

“Bullying.” Science Daily, n.d. Web. 30 May 2013.

“Business English Speakers Can Still be Divided by a Common Language.” Voice of America, 1 Mar. 2011. Web. 1 Apr. 2013.

“Camaraderie of sports Teams May Deter Bullying.” Science Daily, 5 May 2013. Web. 30 May 2013.

“Childhood Bullying Increases the Propensity to Self-Harm During Adolescence.” Science Daily, 28 May 2013. Web. 30 May 2013.

“Exposure to Two Languages Can Have Far-Reaching Benefits.” Northwestern, 20 May 2009. Web. 1 May 2013.

“Global Economic Forum Rates Global Risks for 2013.” Voice of America, 11 Jan. 2013. Web. 30 May 2013.

“Let it Snow, Let it Snow, Let it Snow!” Voice of America, 25 Jan. 2013. Web. 1 Apr. 2013.

“Lifestyle Habits Lower Heart Failure Risk.” Science Daily, 13 Sep. 2011. Web. 30 May 2013.

“More Wins for TEA Party Activists, but Will They Win in November?” Voice of America, 17 Sep. 2010. Web. 1 Apr. 2013.

“Movies Become Big Business in the 1920s.” Voice of America, 7 Dec. 2010. Web. 1 Apr. 2013.

“New Anti-Cancer Components of Extra-Virgin Olive Oil Revealed.” Science Daily, 27 Dec. 2008. Web. 30 May 2013.

“New Hampshire Chinese Language School Attracts non-Chinese Students.” 30 Oct. 2009. Web. 1 May 2013.

“Quitting Smoking: Licensed Medications are Effective.” Science Daily, 30 May 2013. Web. 30 May 2013.

“Soccer Training Improves Heart Health of Men with Type 2 Diabetes.” Science Daily, 30 May 2013. Web. 30 May 2013.

“Tornado Season Returns, Voice of America.” Voice of America. 30 Apr. 2012. Web. 1 Apr. 2013.

“What is the Human Relations Commission?” City of West Lafayette Indiana, 6 Mar. 2012. Web. 1 Apr. 2013.

“Women Edge Past Men in Getting Doctorates, Voice of America.” Voice of America, 5 Oct. 2010. Web. 1 Apr. 2013.

“World’s Population Reaches 7 Billion Voice of America. 4 Jan. 2012. Web. 1 Apr. 2013.

Online PDF paraphrasing

Automatically reword and paraphrase PDF documents online. No software installation required.

Powered by and

or drag it in this box

PDF documents longer than 10,000 characters will not be processed.

Other rewriter, summarization and paraphrasing detection apps

We've already processed files with total size of Kilobytes

In today's world, unique content is becoming a valuable and rare resource. PDF is the de facto standard for content distribution between businesses, organizations, scientists and individuals. It is designed to look the same on any device, including the structure and styles. It is the most popular text format on the web after HTML. Most search engines can detect and significantly lower the ranking of plagiarism, resulting in lower positions in search results. However, creating professional content takes a lot of time and effort, which will certainly cost you pace and a competitive advantage in addition to direct costs. That is where automatic content rewriting tools comes to the rescue. A powerful neural network reads and understands the text and then paraphrases it with different wording, producing a plagiarism-free result without losing the original message.

GroupDocs Rewriter is an easy-to-use and versatile online service for rephrasing documents in a large number of formats with full preservation of their meaning. Its advanced AI algorithms can paraphrase and rephrase individual sentences, paragraphs and entire articles, creating unique content in seconds. The API not only rewrites content, but also converts documents to different formats to enhance editing options and offer the familiar experience to different audiences.

This free online application based on the GroupDocs Rewriter API can automatically paraphrase PDF documents in Arabic, English, Russian, and Ukrainian with the quality of a professional copywriter. The result can be converted to multiple formats, sent via email or URL, and saved to your device. The application can also paraphrase PDF files hosted on websites without downloading them to your computer. The application works on any device, including smartphones.

How to rewrite a PDF document

Provide a file

Upload a PDF document or simply enter the file’s web address.

Specify the language

Select the language in which the document is written.

Start rewriting

Click Rewrite button. You can optionally specify the output format which may differ from the original document.

Wait for the processing to complete. Download the rewritten document, share it via email and URL, view and fix the resulting content.

You would like

More than rewording

The application tries to understand the meaning of the entire PDF document, rather than just replacing individual words with synonyms.

Process PDF documents from the Internet

There is no need to download a PDF file to your local device for rewriting. Just paste the web address of the file and get the result.

Convert PDF document into any compatible format

You are not limited to the PDF format. You can get back the rephrased document as Microsoft Word, HTML, PDF, SVG, and other formats.

Edit the paraphrased PDF directly from your browser

Correct the rephrased document right after the rewriting is finished without leaving the application. Adjust terminology, fix errors, and more. No software installation required.

Zero system load

The processing is carried out by high-performance cloud servers. You can use the application on any system – from entry-level netbooks to smartphones.

The application can rewrite any number of documents for free, for as long as you need.

  • Free Support
  • Free Consulting
  • Paid Consulting

© Aspose Pty Ltd 2001-2023. All Rights Reserved.

Enjoying this App?

Tell us about your experience

  • Reading Comprehension Worksheets
  • Inferences Worksheets
  • Context Clues Worksheets
  • Theme Worksheets
  • Main Idea Worksheets
  • Reading Games
  • Summary Worksheets
  • Online Tests
  • Figurative Language Worksheets
  • Short Stories with Questions
  • Nonfiction Passages
  • Genre Worksheets

Summarizing Worksheets & Activities

Summarizing is one of those skills that may seem very easy to a teacher but can be difficult for students who have not been properly taught how to summarize. For many years I did not even teach my seventh and eighth grade students how to summarize. I would just ask them to summarize texts and then get mad at them when they failed to produce quality summaries. I was wrong in doing this. Now I always teach my students how to write summaries.

Additionally, as per the Common Core State Standards, summaries should not contain opinions, background knowledge, or personal information; rather, a summary should be entirely text based. After years of learning to make connections between the text and themselves, students must be retrained to keep themselves out of their writing in regards to summaries. Teaching this skill surely warrants some of your class time.

Here are some resources that I used in my classroom to teach my students how to summarize. I hope that you find this page useful:

This is a preview image of Summarizing Lesson. Click on it to enlarge it or view the source file.

Summarizing Common Core State Standards


I want to express my gratitude for the work you have put into this site.

I have used your site for students for almost a decade now and they have not disappointed once.

Thank you for coming back!

I really appreciate these worksheets and all the worksheets you have published. I work as a volunteer for a literacy group, and we don’t have many resources at this level. I was an SLP so I have had no professional experience as a language arts teacher. These resources allow me to teach better and not have to create items from scratch.

thank you it was informative.

Alphonsa Anis

Thanks it was extremely helpful.

Absolutely fabulous. I’m using them for two employees who are struggling to summarise information. Very, very helpful – thank you.

Hello, can these great worksheets be linked to Google Classroom? Also, how can I have my students access the online assessments? Thank you.

There is a Google Classroom button on the title slide of each online assignment. Press this button to assign it. Google Classroom integration is pretty thin right now, but I’m hoping that they open up their platform more sometime soon!

Thank you, Mr. Morton, for sharing your tips and worksheets for summary teaching and writing practices. Very useful!

Some great activities, really helpful. One thing I want to point out is that shinobi-no-mono is NOT Chinese – this is Japanese. And in the text the characters given are Japanese, NOT Chinese. This is quite a big oversight. As language teachers we need to be aware of different languages.

Thank you. I appreciate the insight.

I want summary and practice sheets for grade 6

Please send me an answer key for the summarizing test.

Acutually 忍の者 isnt chinese the word の is japanses, while in chinese and japanese they call ninja , 忍者. Other than that this is some really good stuff to study my summary from

great material. I´ve been looking for this type of easy to read/ understand material for a long time.

Would it be possible to have the solutions to the test?

Thanks in advance.

Diane Thomas

These are wonderful!Thank you so much!

Thanks a lot .



Mrs. Robinson

Hello, I’m looking for the answer guide for the Summarizing test, please advise if it is available?

Loan Nguyen

Thanks for your sharing. Invaluable resources for teachers. It would be highly appreciated if you can send me the key for the summary test.

Is there an answer sheet for the summarizing test?

EXCELLENT worksheets!

Like many of the above comments, I was hoping that there was an answer key for the summarizing test.

I’m pleased that today is the day that I can finally say, “ Here you go .”

Thank you so much!!

Thank you very much. Bless you!

Thank you, Mr. Morton, for sharing these materials. Indeed this is of great help in my class.

The materials are awesome!! I’d like to separate them to two levels of my students. I’m teaching international students, the comparasion of the good and bad summary really works a lot. I really appriciate for your sharing. However, could you share the summarising answer keys as well? That would help me a lot. Thank you!

Would you consider making something for the 4th & 5th grade level? The examples were all very helpful, but many of my students read below grade level. Thank you again! Jill C.

Thanks from Toronto! Great help for ESL classes here.

Thanks so much from Istanbul! Kids loved it and saved me so much precious precious time

saida merad

Thank you for your valuable help!

Thank you for putting all the material together.

I couldn’t find the answers for the Summarizing Test. They will surely save me some time. Please send them to me, or let me know where I can find them. Thank you so much,

Did you get the answer sheet?

Thank you for all the great materials to use, they will prove to be a great resource!

I was wondering if you would mind pointing out the source from which you pulled the information about ninjas for your worksheet on them. I just wanted to make sure I had the right information because from the bit of research that I pulled up, I see that both in history (concept / existence) and etymology, ninjas are Japanese. The Japanese use kanji, which are essentially Chinese characters, and is only one of the three different “alphabet” sets they use for written communication. So words like “shinobi” and “shinobi no mono” are all Japanese in origin, but written using Chinese characters and not really associated with Chinese culture. This is especially true because “no mono” is a Japanese phrase. Please let me know if there is a source that does say otherwise, so that I can have all the information. Thank you again!

Hello. I pulled that content from a Wikipedia page a long time ago. I’m no expert on the subject. I was just writing a worksheet that I hope would interest students.

These worksheets are helpful but the commenter above is correct, none of these words are or have ever been Chinese. “Shinobi” was in Japanese poems in the 8th century, not Chinese. Shinobi was the Chinese reading of the characters, but it was always a Japanese word. It might be helpful to fix this worksheet to avoid presenting incorrect information to students.

What is the answer key for summary test please?

Thanks a million for this Mr. Morton. This lesson will help me and my students understand summarizing better. God bless your sir!

Thank you so much for helpful material

Brian Samson

What a phenomenal effort you’ve done in putting together all these. Appreciate your ideas. Fabulous!

How amazing to come across your Summarising resouces with explicit instructions. Your comments about teaching the students how to effectively summarise was the most important fact. This in turn forced me to reflect on my own teaching. Thank you for the step by step instructions, they were very valuable. Have you posted any other reading strategy hints?

Sure, I’ve posted them all around this site. Feel free to explore a bit.

What’s the reading level for summary worksheet 3?

Can I get answers for summarizing test about Gutenberg

It is an awesome sight.I got to now today from where the school gives us topics in worksheets.Very useful,but one problems that we don’t get the answers of the questions so that we can check and correct our answers

Mary Jane Dela Cerna

Good day Mr. Morton 😀 what is the answer keys for the summary test? I am not sure in my answer 😀

Wow, just wanted to thank you for your hard work and generosity to publish them for everybody. Thank you so much.

I was studying for an exam and couldn’t find enough information on summarizing. I was very excited when I found your site. It was very helpful.Thanks a million!

A terrific resource. Thank you so much for sharing. I came across your site as I was looking for help with teaching summarising – no need to look any further! Powerpoint and practice sheets, examples …. awesome.

Gracie Alexander

Is there an answer key for the Test?

Kristen Moore

What an incredible site! Thank you for sharing your resources and ideas. Especially the Summary power point. I’ve been struggling to get my students to differentiate between a summary and a list of details. This will help so much!

Amy Gartland

I just discovered this site today. I teach high school ELL and was looking for good nonfiction texts that were accessible for my students. I will definitely be looking around some more and plan on using material in my lessons this week!

This was VERY helpful. Even for a university student who needed a refresher!

An answer key for the Summary would be helpful if provided. And also a whole passage summary, not just the summary for each paragraph.

Leave a Reply Cancel reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

  • Author's Purpose Worksheets
  • Characterization Worksheets
  • Conflict Worksheets
  • Fact and Opinion Worksheets
  • Figurative Language Activities
  • Figurative Language Poems with Questions
  • Genre Activities
  • Irony Worksheets
  • Making Predictions
  • Mood Worksheets
  • Nonfiction Passages and Functional Texts
  • Parts of Speech Worksheets
  • Poetic Devices
  • Point of View Worksheets
  • School Project Ideas
  • Setting Worksheets
  • Simile and Metaphor Worksheets
  • Story Structure Worksheets
  • Text Structure Worksheets
  • Tone Worksheets
  • Paraphrase Online

Paraphrasing and Summarizing Exercises with Answers

Paraphrasing and Summarizing Exercises with Answers

Paraphrasing and Summarizing are two skills that are highly useful for writers. With these two techniques, writers can get help creating their content and providing it to their readers in an easy-to-peruse way.

However, if you happen to be new to the field of writing, you could be a little unaware and untrained in both these skills. But don’t worry. Everyone starts out as a beginner.

In this post, we’re going to be looking at some  paraphrasing and summarizing  exercises along with their answers and explanations. By following along, you’ll get a good idea about how you can use these techniques in your own capacity.

Let’s begin!

What is Paraphrasing and Summarizing?

Before we get to the exercises, let’s digress a little and understand what paraphrasing and summarization actually are.

Let’s start with paraphrasing.

Paraphrasing  is the process in which a particular piece of content is reworded and rephrased in such a way that it looks different from its original version but it has the same meaning and context.

A simple example of paraphrasing would be to change “John likes his cat” to “John adores his feline pet”. Paraphrasing can be as slight as merely changing some words in the text, or it can be as drastic as fully changing the tone, structure, order, and words of the content.

On the other hand,  Summarizing  is the process in which a piece of content is shrunk and shortened to about one-tenth of its original size. In this shortened version, the main idea and concept of the content is provided.

Summarization is usually used by authors and writers when they want to give a brief outline of a book or article to their readers.

Now that we’ve looked at the definitions of both, let’s move ahead to look at some exercises.

Paraphrasing Exercises (with Answers)

The main purpose of providing these exercises along with their answers is to help you understand what these techniques look like when they are implemented. Since we have explained their core definition above, you can try and work along the exercises to improve your skills a little as well.

Related:  Difference Between Paraphrasing And Rephrasing

Paraphrasing Exercise # 1:

Here is a sample paragraph that we will be paraphrasing as an exercise. We’ll write the paragraph alone first, and then provide the answer after a brief explanation.

Sample Paragraph:

"John could not find the butter in his fridge. He went to buy some from the store. On coming back, he saw his cat sitting on the floor, smacking its lips. There was some yellow stuff smeared all around its face. Thus, John solved the mystery of the missing butter."

So, as we mentioned earlier, paraphrasing can be done simply and sparingly, or it can be done drastically.

One of the primary and basic ways of paraphrasing is to simply change some words in the provided content with their synonyms. This is, we reiterate, a very basic level of paraphrasing, and it is often very easy to see through it.

So, for this first exercise, we are going to be doing only that level of paraphrasing as a way to illustrate how it looks like.

Here is what the above paragraph looks like when paraphrased:

Paraphrased Paragraph:

"John could not locate the butter in the refrigerator. He went to purchase some from the shop. On coming back, he observed his cat sitting on the ground, licking its lips. There was some yellow material smeared all around its face. Hence, John solved the mystery of the missing butter."

While we are on this discussion, it will also be salubrious to understand that when changing words with their synonyms for the purpose of paraphrasing, you have to be careful that you pick those that don’t mess up the context and intent of the lines.

Paraphrasing Exercise # 2:

Moving on, let’s look at another paraphrasing exercise. Here is the paragraph that we will be using for this one:

"John’s cat got lost in the forest. He went looking for it in the night time. He heard some movement in one of the bushes. He put his hand in and felt the fur. He pulled the thing out, thinking it to be his cat. After coming home, he realized it was an angry raccoon."

We mentioned in the last exercise that the basic level of paraphrasing is to change some of the words in the given text with their synonyms. And we also mentioned how that sort of paraphrasing can be easily detected.

So, for writers who want to paraphrase something in such a way that it does not resemble its original form a lot, there’s a step further that they can go, and that is to change the sentence structures + phrases.

Essentially, by changing the phrases used in the content as well as the arrangement of the sentences, the overall look of the paraphrased piece looks very different. If someone wants to go even ahead of that, they can shuffle the sentence  order  as well.

Considering this type of ‘extensive’ paraphrasing, here is the answer to the paragraph given above:

"John’s cat went missing in the forest. He went to search for it when it was dark. He discerned some movement in the hedge. After putting his hand inside it, he felt some fur. Thinking that it was his cat, he pulled the animal out. It was only after coming home that he realized that it was a frustrated raccoon."

Summarizing Exercises (with Answers)

Now that we have looked at the paraphrasing exercises, let’s move on to look at some for summarizing.

Just as we’ve looked at two types of paraphrasing above, we’ll also look at two different types of summarizing.

Actually, it’ll be better if we explain those two types before getting to the exercises.

Basically, there are  two types of summaries . One of them is called  extractive  and the other is called  abstractive .

In extractive summarization, the summary of a piece of content is generated merely by taking out some sentences from it and joining them together. This is usually the type of summaries that you get from automated tools.

When extractive summaries are created, there is no effort to understand the actual meaning and context of the text. Rather, the purpose is only to take some lines from it and join them together in such a way that they make sense.

On the other hand, abstractive summaries are those that are written using a completely new and different set of words, phrases and sentences than the content (that is being summarized). As opposed to extractive summarization, abstractive summarization involves understanding the meaning and context of the text, and then creating a completely new summary that features all those concepts and ideas.

Summarizing Exercise # 1 (Extractive)

In order to demonstrate and explain extractive summarization, we’re going to first write a paragraph here and then provide its summary afterwards:

Sample paragraph:

"John’s car broke down. He stopped by the road side and screamed at people to stop and help him. But no one stopped for him. He continued howling and howling for hours. People kept driving by. After getting tired, he picked up a sheet and wrapped it around himself. Then, he started spinning on his spot. He grew dizzy. He kept spinning and spinning until he fell asleep."

Now, since we have to use the “extractive” summarization technique here, we’ll create the summary using the lines and sentences used in the content itself.

"John’s car broke down. But no one stopped for him. Then, he started spinning on the spot. He kept spinning and spinning until he fell asleep."

Summarizing Exercise # 2 (Abstractive)

For this exercise, we will use the same para that we did above. However, the technique used for the summarization will be different.

Since we will be using the abstractive technique here, the summary will be created using different words and phrases as the original.

"John’s vehicle went phut. But, no one stopped their car to help him. After he was tired, he made himself dizzy by spinning and then went to sleep."

So, that’s about it.

If you were a little confused about paraphrasing and summarization techniques, hopefully you’re a little more confident about them now.

These skills can come in handy for writers in a lot of different situations. If you don’t have the hang of them already, you should try and get it as quick as you can.


  1. Paraphrase Activity 3 Easy Steps to Paraphrasing Non-Fiction

    paraphrase activity pdf

  2. Paraphrasing

    paraphrase activity pdf

  3. Paraphrasing Practice by 5th Grade One Stop Shop

    paraphrase activity pdf

  4. Paraphrase Practice Worksheet

    paraphrase activity pdf

  5. Paraphrasing Practice Worksheets

    paraphrase activity pdf

  6. Paraphrasing interactive activity for INTERMEDIATE. You can do the

    paraphrase activity pdf


  1. Sight words for kindergarten. Vocabulary for kids

  2. Paraphrase

  3. Part 1 Tutor Paraphrase kalimat

  4. How to Paraphrase and Avoid Plagiarism in Academic Writing


  6. [english for beginners] Word start with letter Aa ពាក្យចាប់ផ្ដើមដោយអក្សរAa EP.1



    PARAPHRASING ACTIVITIES ACTIVITY 1 Read the original text below. Highlight the words that you think are specialised words or words that should not be changed when paraphrasing. Underline the words which should be changed.

  2. PDF Test Your Paraphrasing Skills Worksheet

    INSTRUCTIONS Begin each of the five sections by carefully reading the quoted passage, especially the sentence(s) in bold. Using your own words, create a bulleted list of the ideas in the sentence(s) in bold. Looking only at the bulleted list you created, write a paraphrase of the sentence(s) in bold synthesizing the ideas you think are important.

  3. PDF Paraphrasing

    Paraphrasing involves putting a passage from source material into your own words. A paraphrase must also be attributed to the original source. Summarizing involves putting the main idea(s) into your own words. It must attribute summarized ideas to the original source.

  4. PDF Effective Paraphrasing

    Paraphrasing allows you to summarize and synthesize information from one or more sources, focus on significant information, and compare and contrast relevant details."1* "Paraphrase when the...

  5. PDF Paraphrasing and Citation Activities, APA Style 7th Edition

    Instructions Complete the following activities to practice your paraphrasing and citation skills. Then compare your answers with those from the APA Style team (see pages 6 and 7 of this instructional aid) as well as your classmates or colleagues. In completing the activities, you can type your answers directly into the PDF using the text fields.

  6. PDF Principles of Paraphrasing

    Module 1: Defining Correct Paraphrasing Module 2: Rules for Quoting , Summarizing , and Paraphrasing Module 3: Tips and Strategies for Successful Paraphrasing Self Check: Paraphrasing Skills Worksheet (with Texts by HGSE Faculty) and Answer Key Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association

  7. PDF Exercise 5: Paraphrasing EXERCISE 5: PARAPHRASING

    Choosing the best paraphrase of an original sentence Time 15-20 minutes Answer Key 1. b, 2. d, 3. c, 4. a. Answers will vary for items 5 and 6. Related Pages in Textbook Identifying Main Ideas and Understanding Content, pages 2-42 Extension Activities This activity can be repeated with any reading passage. Preparation: The

  8. Paraphrasing Worksheets

    The Paragraph Paraphrasing means restating an author's words in your own words without changing the meaning of the passage or including any interpretation of your own. When you paraphrase something, you only relay the idea expressed, not the entire quoted passage. From Sources Read each passage. On a separate page, paraphrase each passage.

  9. PDF Paraphrasing

    Paraphrasing A paraphrase, or an indirect quotation, is a rewording of an author's text, explanation, ... AnswerKey for Activity 1 Sample 1 is an inappropriate paraphrase because it merely substitutes a few key words for synonyms instead of structurally changing the original source, and it additionally fails to cite the ...

  10. 28 Paraphrasing English ESL worksheets pdf & doc

    28 Paraphrasing English ESL worksheets pdf & doc SORT BY Most popular TIME PERIOD All-time ag23 PARAPHRASING There are 9 exercises.SS have to rephrase sentences ( simple past-present perfect, passive voice,reported speech,too-enough,conditionals, so-such,rather-pref... 14189 uses helenadimi Paraphrasing

  11. PDF W R I T I N G 1

    C Decide which paraphrase is better. (NB! Remember, your essay should not just be one long paraphrase, even a good paraphrase!) 1. Adverts are a major part of everyday life. Paraphrase 1 Advertising is an important feature of daily life. Paraphrase 2 The influence of adverts can be felt in all aspects of our lives. 2.

  12. PDF A Paraphrasing Game for Intermediate EFL Learners

    classics in PDF or e-book format. It is from there that I took the text of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz by L. Frank Baum, which I used for some of the examples in the tables below. THE "WORD RITE" PARAPHRASING GAME A note on the game name: it's an anagram . of "Reword it," itself a paraphrase of the instruction "Paraphrase it."

  13. I Used My Own Words! Paraphrasing Informational Texts

    Take suggestions from the students, reminding them if necessary that the paraphrase should be in their own words. Write the shared paraphrase on the whiteboard (or overhead). Do the same exercise with the second and third paragraphs, gradually releasing the responsibility for the paraphrasing to students. 6.

  14. PDF Let's Practice how to paraphrase

    STEP 1 - Read the passage several times to fully understand the meaning. STEP 2 - Note down key concepts. STEP 3 - Write your own version without looking at the original. STEP 4 - Compare your paraphrased text with the original one. If you find too similar make changes. STEP 5 - Cite the source

  15. Paraphrasing Worksheets

    Give two or three times to read the original paragraph until and unless you understand it. After a thorough understanding, start writing the main idea by using your own words. Avoid generating the order of emphasis and ideas. Go through all unknown words. Observe each word that makes a clear sense of your writing.

  16. Teaching Kids to Paraphrase, Step by Step

    Start by Talking At its essence, paraphrasing is putting something into your own words, so begin by having student do just that. A fun introductory activity is to split your students into pairs and ask a question such as, "What did you do after school yesterday?" or "Tell where you would like to go on vacation and why you would like to go there."

  17. Exercise : Basic-level Paraphrase and Summary Writing

    Summary. Summarize the following text from the Voice of America website: "Many thousands of Chinese are studying at schools in the United States. And writer Liel Leibovitz says the students are following an example that began in the eighteen seventies. Mr. Leibovitz and writer Matthew Miller joined forces to tell the story of the students in ...

  18. Paraphrase and Summary Exercises

    OWL Exercises Multilingual Exercises Paraphrase and Summary Exercises Paraphrase and Summary Exercises Paraphrase and Summary Exercises Basic-level Paraphrase and Summary Writing Paraphrasing Paraphrasing refers to rewriting a given sentence using your own words.

  19. Paraphrase PDF document

    This free online application based on the can automatically paraphrase PDF documents in Arabic, English, Russian, and Ukrainian with the quality of a professional copywriter. The result can be converted to multiple formats, sent via email or URL, and saved to your device. The application can also paraphrase PDF files hosted on websites without ...

  20. Paraphrasing Exercises With Answers

    1. Reread the original passage until you understand its full meaning. 2. Set the original aside, and write your paraphrase on a note card, pieces of paper, Post-it, or in an electronic manner. (Your rendition should be shorter, but it should contain all the essential elements. Some paraphrases may be as long as the original.) 3.

  21. Summarizing Worksheets & Activities

    Summarizing Worksheet 3. Here's another activity to give your students practice summarzing nonfiction texts. Students read a long passage about the lost colony of Roanoke, highlight or underline important information, and summarize each paragraph. Summarizing Worksheet 3 Links. Preview.

  22. Paraphrasing

    Paraphrasing and Citation Activities (PDF, 357KB) Long paraphrases. A paraphrase may continue for several sentences. In such cases, cite the work being paraphrased on first mention. Once the work has been cited, it is not necessary to repeat the citation as long as the context of the writing makes it clear that the same work continues to be ...

  23. Paraphrasing and Summarizing Exercises with Answers

    Paraphrasing Exercise # 1: Here is a sample paragraph that we will be paraphrasing as an exercise. We'll write the paragraph alone first, and then provide the answer after a brief explanation. Sample Paragraph: "John could not find the butter in his fridge. He went to buy some from the store.

  24. PDF Federal Register /Vol. 88, No. 222/Monday, November 20, 2023/Notices 80771

    simulation activities for space operations that routinely involve underwater diving operations in preparation of upcoming missions. NASA described the NBL as a large, indoor tank of water, where astronauts perform simulated extravehicular activities (EVAs), also known as spacewalks, in preparation for upcoming space missions. The NBL is a

  25. PDF MEPAG VM #17 Draft Findings

    • In the 12 OWL chapters summarizing priority science questions, the return of samples is invoked as a strategic research activity in all but one chapter, from a range of destinations including: Mars (8 chapters), Mercury (1), Venus (4), ... activities. 9 Draft - soliciting community feedback through 16 November 2023.