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U.S. Embassy & Consulates in Germany

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Please note: The Department of State assumes no responsibility or liability for the professional ability or reputation of, or the quality of services provided by, the entities or individuals whose names appear on the following lists. Inclusion on this list is in no way an endorsement by the Department or the U.S. government. Names are listed alphabetically, and the order in which they appear has no other significance. The information on the list is provided directly by the local service providers; the Department is not in a position to vouch for such information.

An American’s first impression of Germany may be one of, “well, the street signs are in a different language, and the downtowns look like something out of the Epcot Center Global Village, but this is pretty much like home.”

In a lot of ways it is, but if you are aware of certain customs you will not only avoid embarrassment, but you will also make a positive impression on your new neighbors and acquaintances.

The people I have met in Germany have been extremely tolerant of my “American-ness”. But there are still three main areas in which I continue to annoy my friends and neighbors. Just to let them know that I do know what is socially acceptable, even if I don’t actually do it, I’d like to briefly explain about time, telephoning, and recycling in Germany.

Whether the event is social or business, punctuality in Germany is very important. An invitation for dinner at eight usually means anywhere between 7:59 and 8:00, (between 1959 and 2000 in Germany*). If you are planning a party, tell your German friends the time you actually want and expect them to arrive – don’t plan to have that 15 minute American buffer zone to put the finishing touches on your hors d’ouveres. There are reports of a strange “Akademisches Viertel” (Academic Quarter-hour) clause which gets you off the hook if you are less than 15 minutes late. This is not a foolproof excuse and does not apply to dinner invitations.

If you have a meeting or are invited to a social function, and you find yourself running late, do call to announce your late arrival (preferably before the time you were expected).

*Remember that in Germany, time is told on the twenty four hour scale, not the twelve hour one: the rule is to subtract 12 from any number over twelve. So 17:00 becomes 5 pm and 2:00 remains 2 am. Sometimes when speaking, Germans will use the 12 hour calendar. Usually, this does not cause confusion. Very few people in Germany eat dinner at 8 in the morning.


In Germany, even local calls are charged. By using call-by-call numbers you can save on local and long-distance calls. Germans appreciate knowing if they have reached the correct number RIGHT AWAY. Simply answering the phone with “hello” will most likely annoy your callers. The good news is that Germans don’t see the phone as a toy or a marketing tool, so it is unlikely that you will receive crank calls or phone solicitations. It is expected that you answer your phone with your last name, (“Smith.”), and identify yourself when you call (“Hier ist Smith”). If you are at someone else’s house and you answer the phone, the correct procedure is to identify yourself first, followed by the name of your host, (“Smith bei Schmidt”).

The German household garbage recycling system is most impressive. A sure-fire way to annoy your new neighbors is to blatantly disregard the recycling rules. Recycling policies and regulations vary slightly from town to town. Brochures are available from your local authority explaining the recycling rules in your town. In general, you can go by the following:

  • Most plastic wrappings and containers have a “Grüne Punkt” – kind of like a little green Ying and Yang. These items belong in the yellow trash can (“Gelbe Tonne”).
  • Paper and cardboard go in the blue trash can (Blaue Tonne or “Papiermüll”) or in special paper recycling containers in your neighbourhood.
  • Glass goes in a specially marked glass trash cans or in special glass recycling containers in your neighborhood (only during working hours, please!). Sometimes bottles are also separated by color, e.g. green bottles = “Grünglas” and white bottles =”Weissglas”
  • Old clothes and shoes are picked up at your curb by various charity organizations on a regular basis (they will announce a few days before). Alternatively, there are containers for old clothes and shoes set up by commercial companies around the city.
  • Compostable kitchen waste goes in the (green or brown) Bio-container (Biotonne).
  • Garden cuttings go in the Bio-container or into a special compost container (Kompost-Container) to be found somewhere in your area.
  • Old batteries are collected in special boxes in many stores. All stores selling batteries must acccept used batteries!
  • Broken televisions, old refrigerators, old furniture, ironing boards, etc. are picked up in some cities 3-4 times during the year at heavy trash pickup “Sperrmüll” day. Alternatively, cities set up special recycling grounds where citizens can deliver things they need to get rid of (“Recyclinghof”). Fees will be charged for some items. Locations can be found out from your local authorities or the white pages. Sometimes you can also arrange with the city to pick up heavy things like televisions and refrigerators at a certain date.
  • There is even a special Christmas tree pickup day “Abholung der Weihnachtsbäume”. Dates will be announced in the newspapers, usually early or mid-January.
  • If you have anything left, put it in the dark grey trash can for unrecycable trash “Restmüll” (no hot ashes, please!).

Residence and Work Permit

US citizens in possession of a valid US passport do  not need a visa  for airport transit, tourist or business trips  for stays up to 90 days.

This does not necessarily apply to US residents who hold an Alien Registration Card (green card). They need to check the relevant visa requirements with the authorities of the country of their nationality.

All persons who wish to stay in Germany for more than 90 days are required to obtain a residence permit.

If you intend to stay longer than 90 days, you are required to register at the local Meldebehoerde or Einwohnermeldeamt (Registration Office) within one week of arrival.

Citizens of the United States of America may apply for their residence permit after entering Germany without a visa. Alternatively they can apply for a residence permit prior to entry at the German Embassy in Washington or at a German Consulate (currently located in Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New York or San Francisco). Inquiries may be made at the German Embassy at www.germany.info/.

Employment in Germany

All persons who wish to  seek gainful employment  in Germany are required to obtain a residence permit in the form of a visa. The residence permit (“Aufenthaltserlaubnis”) only allows you to take up gainful employment (employee or self-employment) if the residence permit  expressly  entitles you to do this. Alternatively they can apply for a residence permit prior to entry at the German Embassy in Washington or at a German Consulate (currently located in Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New York or San Francisco). Inquiries may be made at the German Embassy at www.germany.info/.

Once in Germany, the following procedure generally applies for job seekers:

Once you have an offer of employment and have registered your residence,

  • Check with your local Einwohnermeldeamt or Rathaus for the exact address and office hours of the Ausländerbehörde in your city.
  • the immigration authorities request approval from the “Bundesagentur für Arbeit” (Federal Employment Agency) for taking up employment in a particular job for which you are applying.
  • Approval is only given if the job cannot be filled by a German, EU citizen or other applicants given preferential treatment (e.g. third-country nationals who have been living in Germany for a longer period of time). This is known as the Priority Principle (“Vorrangprinzip”). After a specific period of time has lapsed, it is possible for the U.S. citizen applicant to have the same access to the labor market as German and EU citizens.

Detailed information on the various residence categories is available at Bundesministerium des Innern under:  Residence Permits

Studying in Germany

All persons who wish to study at a high school, college or university in Germany are required to obtain a residence permit. Citizens of the United States of America may apply for their residence permit after entering Germany without a visa. Alternatively they can apply for a residence permit prior to entry at the German Embassy in Washington or at a German Consulate (currently located in Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New York or San Francisco). Inquiries may be made at the German Embassy at www.germany.info/.

Please call: (030)8305-0

Outside of Office Hours, contact: (030)8305-0

Outside of Germany: 01149(30)8305-0

For people coming from other countries

Learning german.

Start your German language course. Find important information on integration courses.

Get online, get started and find your next job in our career portal - the Job Board.

Recognition of Qualifications

Have your foreign qualifications recognised.

Consultation and Job Placement

We’ll answer all your questions on how to start a job in Germany.

Come to Germany as a skilled worker

We provide lots of informatione about living and working in Germany.

Admission to the German labour market

Get information on the requirements for entering the German labour market.

Seasonal work in Germany

Learn more about your rights as a seasonal worker regarding your employment contract, vacation or social security.

Financial Support

Claiming Child Benefit, Child Allowance or Unemployment Benefit.

Education in Germany

Unlock your potential – get an insight into German schools, training and higher education.

Social Insurance

Be covered - your information on health and pension insurance as well as insurance for old-age care.

Starting a Business

We’ll explain what you need to know before setting up your own business.

Learn more about our organisation and areas of work.

Stay up to date: Press Releases and Annual Reports

Get in touch – let us advise you on schooling, training and jobs.

Related Links

  • "Arrive App": A guide for your first weeks in Germany
  • Federal Office for Migration and Refugees
  • Make it in Germany
  • EURES - The European Job Mobility Portal
  • Open your Heart!
  • Statistics and labour market reporting

Leaflets and Forms

  • Leaflet on the Employment of Foreign Workers in Germany
  • Skilled Workers for Germany - Interim Balance and Forward Projection
  • Lifelong guidance offered by the Federal Employment Agency
  • Careers and Work

How to apply for a job in Germany

You’d like to work in Germany and you’ve seen an interesting job advertisement. What do you do next? Here are some tips for your application.

The first impression of your application counts.

You can send your application by email as a PDF file or by post printed out in a folder. Job advertisements usually state which format the employer prefers.

Which documents belong in your application?

A complete application should include a covering letter, a CV and certificates. Testimonials or references from former employers and diplomas or records of further training programmes or courses (for example, a German course) enhance an application – but only if they are relevant and meaningful for the respective vacancy.

Your covering letter must be convincing. Show the employer why you are applying and why you are the best person for the job. Do you have specialist knowledge? Do you speak several languages? If so, this information belongs in the covering letter. Emphasise your strengths. Make the covering letter reader-friendly – with paragraphs, highlighting and short sentences.

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How do you structure your CV?

The curriculum vitae (CV) presents an overview of your personal and professional development. It is usual to list this information in a clear tabular format. An application photo is not mandatory, but still widely used.

Your CV begins with your personal data, followed by your work experience – with your current position first, then earlier jobs, training or higher education, school education, further training and language and IT skills.

Tip: The Europass website explains how to put together a CV according to European standards. You will also find templates there.

What kinds of references or certificates do employers need?

If you have just completed a university degree course or a vocational training programme the company will be interested in your university diploma or the certificate from the training organisation as well as your school-leaving certificate. If you already have several years of work experience, meaningful employer references or testimonials are expected.

Send copies, not originals. Your documents will rarely be returned. They do not normally need to be officially certified, unless the company asks for that in the job advertisement.

Must I write the application in German?

You should write applications in German – unless the job advertisement was formulated in English. Definitely have your documents checked by a native speaker. A covering letter with mistakes makes a bad impression and is usually rejected.

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The platform for your professional success in germany, i help you getting started in germany.

My name is Johannes and I support international professionals who want to work in Germany.  I believe that all people, no matter where they come from, should have equal chances in competing for the best jobs . 

Therefore, I share my recruiting experiences on apply-in-germany.de and provide you with useful resources to successfully enter the job market. 

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I want to apply for a job in germany, i want to learn more about life in germany, i need support for applying in germany, useful guides, tips & ressoures for expats.

You want to apply in Germany? Check out my  Expat-Toolbox  for an overview of useful guides, tips and ressources for expats in Germany:


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How can Workwise help me to find a job?

How should my application documents look like for an application in germany, how does a german cv look like, i have no or basic german language skills – can i still apply for a job, how does the application process work in germany, what is an "arbeitszeugnis", do i need a visa or work permit to work in germany.

Workwise Hilfe-Center für Jobsuchende Pfeil Symbol nach rechts Workwise for International Candidates Pfeil Symbol nach rechts Job Application in Germany

Job Application in Germany

Workwise is a career platform for job seekers that undertakes recruiting for different companies. We made it our mission to get you an exciting job and support you throughout the whole application process. Get to know your benefits with Workwise and how we personally support you during your job search.

Brief summary

With Workwise you are supported by a personal contact person during your application process. If you have any questions regarding the status of your application, we are here to help. You can apply to as many positions as you’d like with just one profile.

An application in Germany usually consists of 3 parts: Cover letter, Curriculum vitae and attachments. However, for job vacancies on Workwise you only have to answer 3 questions posed by the company to complete the application. This procedure saves you time and effort and allows you to apply more efficiently.

Register to profit from many benefits like:

  • A personal contact person to support your application process.
  • Although cover letters are common in Germany, you don’t need one on our platform. Just answer 3 questions that help the company to get to know you better.
  • You can apply to multiple jobs in a short time and avoid the hassle of creating profiles on different platforms to apply to several jobs.
  • In comparison to conventional recruiting, our companies reply faster to your application. If they do take more time to reply, we will contact the responsible recruiter to find out the status of your application.
  • You receive job proposals that are based on your personal search profile. Therefore, you only receive jobs that are interesting for you.
  • Manage all your applications in one place and check their statuses.
  • We notify you about important updates on your application, for example, if a company requests more documents or sends you an invitation for a job interview.
  • Of course this is completely free of charge for you as an applicant.

Almost every application in Germany can be divided into 3 parts:

  • Cover letter (Anschreiben)
  • Curriculum vitae, CV (Lebenslauf)
  • Attachments (Anlagen)

Cover letter

The cover letter is all about drawing interest and convincing the reader to continue reading. Here you present your motivation and your qualifications using suitable examples from your professional practice.

We know that a cover letter can be the most challenging part of an application. That’s why you won’t need one for the jobs on Workwise. Instead, simply answer a few questions which help the company to get a better picture of you.

The CV provides a quick overview of the most important stages in your life: These include information about your education, work experience, additional qualifications and periods of time spent abroad.

You should also upload attachments to prove your skills and experiences. Typical attachments are diplomas and references, certificates and personal projects. If you have graduated from a university, please upload a transcript of records as many recruiters request them. Some recruiters might request a school report/report card from your high school.

Your CV should be as convincing as possible and needs a clear structure as many recruiters often reject applications with unstructured CVs. German CVs may have a different structure than in your country. Our career guide gives an example how a German CV could look like: Den perfekten Lebenslauf schreiben .

The classic CV is a tabular document. It represents your education and career path and also includes some personal information. You can use this structure as a guide:

  • Date of birth, birthplace (optional)
  • Nationality (optional, but helpful if you are an international applicant)
  • Postal address
  • (Mobile) phone number
  • Email address
  • A picture of yourself usually taken by a professional photographer that you include in your CV.
  • It is not mandatory to include a picture but it is rather common in German CVs.
  • If you want to include a picture, don’t use selfies or pictures from your latest vacation.
  • You can also take the picture by yourself or with the help of a friend. If you need advice on how to do that, you can use this article as a guidance.
  • Education (Bildungsweg), e.g. high school, university
  • Practical experiences (Berufserfahrung), e.g. employments, internships
  • Always put your latest degree or experience on top so that recruiters know at first sight your position in career terms  
  • If you have any references like portfolios or personal projects, include them in your CV. This helps recruiters to get a better understanding of your work.
  • In this section you can also include further proof of your experience, e.g. languages, programming languages, software, soft skills.
  • If you’d like to you can include interesting hobbies at the end of your CV. However, be prepared to answer questions about extraordinary hobbies during a job interview.
  • It is also helpful to include hobbies that are related to the job you are applying to (e.g. web development for a job in this field).

Templates for your CV can be found here . If you're looking for a more modern design, you can have a look at these examples .

Yes, that is possible. There are also open vacancies on our platform where no German skills are required. Please check the job description before your application to find out if German is a necessity.

If that’s the case, the required level of German is at least C1 based on the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) .

You can choose between four different levels in your profile:

  • A1, A2 – Basic language skills
  • B1, B2 – Intermediate language skills
  • C1 – Advanced language skills
  • C2 – Proficient language skills

There are multiple free tests on the Internet if you are unsure about your skill level – one of them is from Goethe Institut . These questions will test your knowledge of German grammar and vocabulary.

If you don’t speak any German at all, you can set a filter to exclude unsuitable jobs. Go to job search and click on the button "Weitere Filter". List all languages you can speak in the box "Sprachen" (Languages).

The application process in Germany generally takes several weeks from your application receipt to the acceptance or rejection of your application. The process varies from company to company.

After recruiters have reviewed your application, you will either be invited for a job interview or directly rejected. An interview will take place in person or via video chat/telephone. The first interview is often followed by a second one to further assess your qualifications for the vacancy.

An "Arbeitszeugnis" is a letter of reference which states the quality of your performance in a (previous) job position based on the evaluation from your (previous) employer. In Germany, you are entitled to receive a reference when you resign from your job.

Should a company request a letter of reference but you are unable to provide one – maybe because it is rather uncommon in your country – please click the button „Nicht vorhanden“ (Not existent) when you are asked to upload the document.

As an EU citizen you generally don’t need a work permit to work anywhere in the European Union.

If you are a Non-EU citizen and want to work in Germany:

  • You can check which visa you need with the Visa Navigator offered by the German Foreign Office. Just answer a few questions and you will be informed about the type of visa you need an how you can apply for it.
  • Specific information on Visa regulations in Germany can be found on the website of the German Foreign Office .
  • You may want to acquire language skills when moving to Germany. German courses are offered by the Goethe Institut and other organizations, for example Volkshochschule .

This website is available in different languages and lets you check, whether it is possible for you to work in Germany or not.

Please read the following article if you are interested in working in the European Union: Work permits .

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  • Apply for a Job with Workwise
  • Job Invitations with Workwise
  • FAQ Workwise – Our New Brand

Veröffentlicht am 15.11.2021, aktualisiert am 30.08.2023

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Kündigung in der Probezeit: Das ist jetzt wichtig

Regelungen zur Kündigungsfrist und Muster für deine Kündigung

Federal government

  • Job listings

A multitude of job advertisements and offers for vocational training are waiting for you in our job exchange. Find the job that suits you the most.

  • Working in Germany

Find the job that suits you

  • Baden-Württemberg (5,308)
  • Bavaria (5,458)
  • Berlin (801)
  • Brandenburg (1,135)
  • Bremen (423)
  • Hamburg (548)
  • Hesse (2,131)
  • Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (540)
  • Lower Saxony (2,162)
  • North Rhine-Westphalia (4,759)
  • Rhineland-Palatinate (1,399)
  • the Saarland (368)
  • Saxony (1,896)
  • Saxony-Anhalt (698)
  • Schleswig-Holstein (954)
  • Thuringia (875)
  • All federal states (27,363)
  • Occupations in health care, the social sector, teaching and education (6,057)
  • Occupations in construction, architecture, surveying and technical building services (2,619)
  • Occupations in traffic, logistics, safety and security (1,769)
  • Occupations in agriculture, forestry, farming, and gardening (359)
  • Occupations in business organisation, accounting, law and administration (2,525)
  • Occupations in commercial services, trading, sales, the hotel business and tourism (4,482)
  • Occupations in production of raw materials and goods, and manufacturing (7,753)
  • Occupations in philology, literature, humanities, social sciences, economics, media, art, culture, and design (539)
  • Occupations in natural sciences, geography and informatics (1,260)

Important informations

Depending on your country of origin, different requirements may apply to you for taking up employment in Germany. Our Quick-Check allows you to find out about available options in Germany. If you happen to meet the requirements, you may look for employment on our job listings..

Where do the jobs on Make it in Germany come from?

The vacancies are from the job board (Jobsuche) of the Federal Employment Agency ( Bundesagentur für Arbeit – BA). Employers whose vacancies can be found on Make it in Germany have agreed to them being published on the website. Hence, they gladly accept applications by skilled workers from abroad.

Please note that the job vacancies are listed in the language in which employers originally submitted them to the BA. Currently,  majority  of the  job vacancies  are listed in  German .

Our job listings include jobs for which you generally need an academic or professional qualification, i. e. a university degree or vocational training certificate. Work that does not require qualifications, such as helping activities or seasonal workers, as well as temporary work are excluded here.

How to use our job listings

You have different options to look for vacancies according to your profession.

  • Search bar:  You can enter the most accurate term into the search bar (e. g. “engineer” or “nurse”). The search engine is currently optimised for search queries in German . Queries in other languages (English, French, Spanish) will currently only work to a limited extend . Please enter the German job title into the search bar and click on the “Find jobs” button. A list of all vacancies matching your query will be shown. You can also filter your search by federal state and sector by using the categories on the right-hand side to focus on a specific region or industry.
  • Professions in demand: “Professions in demand“ are professions in which skilled workers are particularly needed in Germany (e. g. engineers, physicians, etc.). Please click on the respective profession to launch a query for that specific profession it. For example, if you clicked on “IT specialist” you will get search results with current vacancies for IT specialists.
  • Job search via professional fields (sectors) : You can also submit your query filtered by professional fields (sectors). To do so, please select the box with the professional field that suits you the most. For example, you may select “ Occupations in health care, the social sector, teaching and education ” to look for vacancies in the nursing sector.

You can refine your search results by further specifying the professional field you are looking for. Please use the options on the left-hand side (e.g. select the subcategory “ Medical and health care occupations” ) for that.

Filter options for your search results:

You can filter and further specify the search results by using the “ Type of employment contract “, “ Working time model ”, “ Type of job offer ” and “ Qualifications ” filters. For example, the “Type of job offer” filter allows you to choose between “Salaried employment”, “Self-employed activity”, “Internship/Traineeship” or “Apprenticeship”.

Moreover, the search results can be sorted by publication date (immediacy of vacancies) and relevance (relevance of search term within the job advertisement).

If you wish to know more about a vacancy, please click on the “ View details ” button to see the full job description. The “Back to the overview of open job listings“ button takes you back to the initial overview of your search results.

Save, share and print vacancies:

You can save individual vacancies by clicking on the heart symbol on the right-hand side of each vacancy. Each vacancy will be saved in a list for you. For this purpose, a cookie is set in your browser.  When accessing the website at a later point in time, you can re-access your saved vacancies under “ Saved jobs ”.

After accessing the full job description, you can print it out by clicking on the “ Print “ button. The “ Share ” button allows you to share the vacancy either on your Facebook or Twitter feed or via WhatsApp or e-mail .

Do you have any questions concerning your job search?

Please use our advisory service specially tailored to professionals from abroad. The advisors will answer your personal questions relating to working and your career in Germany and help you on your professional way to Germany. Contact us via the chat or send an e-mail to [email protected] . Additionally, you can get advice in German and English via the “Working and Living in Germany” hotline . Please call +49 30 1815-1111.

We wish you the best of luck for your job search!

Professions in demand:

  • Nursing professionals
  • IT specialist
  • Craftspeople

Occupations in health care, the social sector, teaching and education

Occupations in construction, architecture, surveying and technical building services

Occupations in traffic, logistics, safety and security

Occupations in agriculture, forestry, farming, and gardening

Occupations in business organisation, accounting, law and administration

Occupations in commercial services, trading, sales, the hotel business and tourism

Occupations in production of raw materials and goods, and manufacturing

Occupations in philology, literature, humanities, social sciences, economics, media, art, culture, and design

Occupations in natural sciences, geography and informatics

Current jobs in Germany


Praxis für Ergotherapie Inh. Julia Wethmar

  • Essen, Ruhr (North Rhine-Westphalia)
  • Nov 12, 2023
  • Occupations in non-medical therapy and alternative medicine

View details


  • Rastatt (Baden-Württemberg)
  • Nov 11, 2023
  • Technical occupations in energy technologies

Claire's Germany GmbH

  • Dresden (Saxony)
  • Sales occupations in retail trade (without product specialisation)

Computer scientist (university)

MeJuvante GmbH

  • Eschborn, Taunus (Hesse)
  • Occupations in computer science

Warehouse logistics specialist

Daniel Diaz

  • Gronau (Westfalen) (North Rhine-Westphalia)
  • Occupations in warehousing and logistics, in postal and other delivery services, and in cargo handling

Specialist nurse - hygiene

Johanniter GmbH

  • Bonn (North Rhine-Westphalia)
  • Occupations in occupational health and safety administration, public health authority, and disinfection


  • Kassel, Hessen (Hesse)
  • Occupations in advertising and marketing

Master motor vehicle technician

Unternehmensberatung Masur e.K.

  • Aschaffenburg (Bavaria)
  • Technical occupations in the automotive, aeronautic, aerospace and ship building industries

Automotive salesman / woman

  • Bamberg (Bavaria)
  • Sales occupations (retail trade) selling clothing, electronic devices, furniture, motor vehicles and other durables

Brillen-Galerie Armin Hampel

  • Münster, Westfalen (North Rhine-Westphalia)
  • Technical occupations in medicine, orthopaedic and rehabilitation

Business economist (technical school/training) - general business administration

  • Linden, Hessen (Hesse)
  • Occupations in business organisation and strategy

Do you have questions about job application and job search? It is recommended to send your CV directly with the application. The Federal Employment Agency (BA) will provide you with personal support on all topics relating to working in Germany.

Fitness trainer.

Peter und Manuela Maruhn GbR Sportstudio Allgäu

  • Marktoberdorf (Bavaria)
  • Driving, flying and sports instructors at educational institutions other than schools

Business economist (technical college) - project management

Structural draughtsman.

  • Aachen (North Rhine-Westphalia), Erkelenz (North Rhine-Westphalia), Düren, Rheinland (North Rhine-Westphalia)
  • Draftspersons, technical designers, and model makers

Patient manager/in

  • Dortmund (North Rhine-Westphalia)
  • Doctors’ receptionists and assistants

Industrial mechanic

  • Hückelhoven (North Rhine-Westphalia), Bedburg, Erft (North Rhine-Westphalia), Niederzier (North Rhine-Westphalia), Jülich (North Rhine-Westphalia), Düren, Rheinland (North Rhine-Westphalia)
  • Occupations in machine-building and -operating

Motor vehicle mechatronics technician - passenger vehicle technology


Personalbüro U. Herrmann

  • Osnabrück (Lower Saxony)

Employer preparing for the arrival of international skilled workers

How to write a good application

Have you found an exciting job? Then now is the time to apply! We explain which documents are required for an application in Germany and how you can write a successful application.

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Do you have questions about job application and job search?

It is recommended to send your CV directly with the application. The Federal Employment Agency (BA) will provide you with personal support on all topics relating to working in Germany.

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Would you like to find out what your chances are of working and living in Germany? Then learn more about your possibilities with our Quick-Check!

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How to Find a Job in Germany as a Foreigner? Here’s a Quick Guide

  • Kaja Jurcisinova , 
  • May 12, 2021 9 min read

Updated May 5, 2023

Known for its beautiful castles, sausages, beer, dirndl, and Volkswagen, you may also fancy joining Germany's powerhouse of an economy and enjoy a life of comfort and social security.

But for a foreigner, especially one who doesn't speak fluent German, finding a job in Germany can be challenging. No worries though, in this article you can learn how to apply for a job in Germany and get it.

Shall we begin?

  • Is it easy to get a job in Germany?
  • It depends on your area of expertise . Jobs such as doctors, nurses, engineers, or IT specialists are always in high demand. If you want to see how easy it is to find a job in Germany in your industry, fill in the "Quick Check" form at the Make it in Germany webpage . In a few simple clicks you can see what are your chances of finding a job in Germany based on your professional background as well as your country of origin.
  • Sprechen Sie Deutsch?  Although it's possible to find a job in Germany with only speaking English, knowing German will skyrocket your chances. Of course, there are plenty of international job positions that only require the English language, but these tend to be more competitive, so speaking at least some German is a huge asset. If you're looking to learn, there are plenty of online German lessons for all levels available to get you started.
  • If you're having a hard time finding something suitable, you can always contact “Hotline Living and Working in Germany” . This free-of-charge service is there to listen and provide personalized advice regarding your job search. Do not hesitate to reach out to them via phone, chat, or email if you feel like you could use personalized help.

Table of Contents

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How to apply for a job in Germany?

Work visa in germany, german-specific resume and cover letter tips, german job search engines, volunteer jobs in germany for foreigners, summer jobs in germany for foreigners, popular cities to work in germany, american companies hiring in germany, salaries in germany, coronavirus-related information for foreigners looking for a job in germany.

  • Get a visa. Research the rules regarding visa requirements properly and make sure you meet all the requirements for entry and work stay.
  • Get health insurance. Don't forget about this one! This is mandatory from the day you cross the German border.
  • Look at the official job center or one of the job portals.   Take a look at the official Federal Employment Agency . Otherwise, you can always browse numerous job portals, there are over 1,000 of them. The most popular ones include  Stepstone and Indeed , just to name a few.

Once you have these basics covered, create your resume and cover letter, hit send, and hold your breath.

The first thing you need to do when searching for a new job in a foreign country is to find out what kind of visa and other residence permits you need. Oh, and don't forget to research if your school degrees and other qualifications are officially recognized in Germany, too.

Are you from:

  • European Union, Lichtenstein, Switzerland, Norway, or Iceland? It's easy then. You don't need any kind of work visa or residence permit, and you're free to come and stay as long as you wish.
  • USA, Canada, Japan, South Korea, Israel, Australia, or New Zealand? You're allowed to come to Germany and stay there visa-free for up to 90 days (as a tourist). If you also want to work there, you'll also need to apply for a residence permit.
  • Other than the countries listed above? You'll need to apply for a work visa. That means you have to get a signed work contract before entering Germany.

When applying for a visa, contact your country's German embassy. Always make sure to give yourself enough time as it may take a while before the work visa is finalized.

However, there is an exception to this rule: having a university degree. People with officially recognized higher education diplomas can apply for a contract-free six-month visa and look for their new job in Germany in person.

For more info, check out Germany's visa regulations and also what kind of residence permit you need to stay in Germany. The process of receiving a residence permit in Germany is quite complicated, so make sure that you follow the rules to avoid getting into legal trouble.

New place? New resume!

Create a killer resume and impress internationally.

If you want to find a job in any country, first, you'll need to create a resume (and potentially a cover letter) to apply for it. Fortunately, good resumes look alike no matter the country. Thanks to that, your German resume only needs to account for a few regional specifics. 

(Mostly) German-specific resume tips

  • Keep it clear and simple. Germany's work culture is based on efficiency. Don't overdo it with fancy designs, and keep the visuals sleek. Also, the standard resume length is 1–2 A4 pages.
  • Keep it factual.  Unsurprisingly, your typical German resume is down to earth and packed with hard data. The text should be clear and economical but, at the same time, highly informative. No fancy sentences or elaborate statements. 
  • Describe your previous jobs. Your new potential German employer may have no idea just how important is the company that you worked for in your home country. Describe your past work experience and list the most impressive things that you've accomplished in your previous job. Make sure the description matches the requirements for the job you're applying for.
  • In other words, provide context. The same applies to your other accomplishments. For instance, if you attended a highly-ranked university in your home country, don't forget to mention it.
  • List your previous international experience if you can. Show employers that you have no problem adapting to life and working in new cultures.
  • Make your resume chronological.  Describe your work experience, then your education — both in a reverse chronological order (starting from your most recent job).
  • Include personal info. In Germany, it's common to include your address, date of birth, nationality, or marital status.
  • Add a photo. Put your professional passport-style photograph in the top right corner of your resume.
  • Attach other documents. It's common to enclose copies of supporting documents with your resume such as diploma certificate, references, or certificates.

If you feel like you need more inspiration, check out our resume samples (you can even filter them using the keyword “ Germany ”).

(Mostly) German-specific cover letter tips

Again, make sure you're being direct, clear, and informative. Stress your experience and willingness to work — Germans are known for their hard work and efficiency.

Don't waste words, but be clear about your ambitions and passion for the job you do. Also, try to avoid emphasizing how much you want to live in Germany or Europe . Rather focus on the work position you want and the specific reasons why.

For some examples, take a look at these cover letter samples.

Christy's word of advice

As a progressive, globally-focused country, there are lots of opportunities for English speakers in Germany. Teaching and call centres are popular options. An English language resume in Germany is very similar to the international standard (2 pages, reverse chronological order). Do include your full contact details, as well as a photo. Germans often include nationality, date of birth, and marital status, too. You can use the Europass format for your resume, but I only recommend this for junior professionals, as Europass is a bit clunky when you have a lot of detail to add.

Christy Morgan, Resident HR Expert

  • As already mentioned, look at the official job center Federal Employment Agency  first.
  • Otherwise, the most popular job portal that's used by 39% of all job seekers is Indeed . It's followed by Monster , Stepstone , Jobbörse , and Xing .
  • If you're looking for English-speaking jobs only, take a look at ExpatJobseeker.de , English Jobs Germany , Germany Startup Jobs , or The Local .
  • Don't underestimate the power of LinkedIn . This platform is widely used in Germany, too.
  • Finally, the EURES portal may serve you well if you're a young European looking for a job in another European country. Not only does it come with a list of various job offers, but if you are willing to go through all the paperwork hassle, you can receive a relocation fund and monthly additional payment from the respective EU initiative. I myself have found a great temporary job via this portal, and apart from the complicated bureaucracy, the experience with it has been great.

Volunteering is always a great way to enhance your CV. It shows that you like to engage with your local community and shows your future boss that you have the motivation to improve both yourself and the world around you.

When it comes to volunteering in Germany, your English may come as the biggest advantage. Check out the  Go Overseas  portal, as it offers a number of volunteering opportunities. These usually include teaching or community service work.

Again, make sure to get your visa and residence permit sorted out before you attempt to enter the country.

Are you tired of lazy holidays and prefer to spend your summers gaining extra experience? If you do, there are plenty of offers for summer jobs in Germany listed at Glassdoor. If you're coming from an EU country, consider looking at Erasmus Intern where you can find summer internships for students or fresh graduates.

Of course, if you're not a student, you can always try to look for seasonal jobs. The most popular seasonal jobs in Germany include: waiter, field worker, builder, miller, mechanic, and animal farmer.

  • Berlin , of course. This cool international place is a hub for expats in Germany. With more than three million citizens, there are plenty of jobs in Berlin , ranging from flourishing startups, to jobs in the creative sector, or branches of various international companies.
  • Frankfurt , the economic capital of Germany, is full of skyscrapers and banks. If you're looking for a job in finance or banking and live in a comfortable city that is not too big, Frankfurt is the place for you!
  • Munich, with a population of over a million and a half, is a great place for an international job seeker because of the nearby headquarters of Siemens and BMW, which are located here. And don't forget the Oktoberfest that attracts millions of people from all around the world each year!
  • Hamburg is the second-largest city in Germany, located in the North. It not only has the third biggest port in Europe but also a flourishing start-up scene. If you're thinking about finding a job in banking and finance and prefer a city with a chill vibe, this may be the ideal place for you!

The German economy depends heavily on its car production. Because of that, it's home to regional branches of Ford and Opel that employ hundreds of thousands of people.

Other than that, Amazon , Apple , Exxon , Google , Starbucks , all of these world-famous companies, have large offices located in some of Germany's biggest cities.

In Germany, you'll earn the most as a doctor (92 000 euros gross annual salary). It's closely followed by jobs in finance, law, consulting, IT, or HR.

At the same time, German salary averages 42,400 Euros per year, with the minimum wage being 19,368 euros per year.

Generally speaking, life in Germany comes with a comfortable salary (in exchange for hard work), as well as plenty of vacation days, extensive maternity leave, affordable health care, and overall good quality of life thanks to its tax system and the government’s emphasis on social well-being.

Need a Lebenslauf?

Create your resume in any language.

We all know what COVID has done to the job market. The job availability during the COVID-19 pandemic depends again on your specialization. Positions such as waiting tables are no longer as in demand as they used to be, but doctors, engineers, or IT specialists shouldn't have a problem finding a job in Germany, even during the pandemic.

Most importantly, make sure you have the right to enter the country. Recently, Germany has been through a number of harsh lockdowns, but the rules vary from Bundesland to Bundesland (Germany’s federal states), so don't forget to research the rules for the region you've chosen properly.

You can take a look at all the limitations, regulations, and rules that are linked to entering Germany from different countries at the  Federal Ministry of Health  website.

And that’s it! Good luck with the job search!

However, if you feel like this European country is not right for you, on your blog, you can find out how to find a job as a foreigner in Japan, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, or the UK .

Kaja Jurcisinova is a junior copywriter at Kickresume. Kaja completed her undergraduate degree in Art History at the University of St Andrews in 2018 and graduated with a Master’s in Arts and Culture from the University of Groningen in 2021. She was an intern at multiple cultural institutions across Europe, including the Dutch Museum Association in Amsterdam, the Matter of Art Biennale in Prague, and the European Cultural Centre in Venice. At the moment, she resides in Visby on the Swedish island of Gotland.

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How to apply for a job in Germany

You are a foreigner (not from an EU country) and you would like to work in Germany? You do not know yet for which job you would like to apply? No problem: Here comes our free guide on everything you need to know on how to apply for a job in Germany.

Embarking on a Career Journey in Germany: An Overview

Germany, with its robust economy and diverse job market, presents a plethora of opportunities for job seekers worldwide. Whether you’re a recent graduate or an experienced professional, understanding the nuances of the German job market and application process is crucial to landing your dream job.

The German job market is characterized by its wide array of industries, ranging from automotive and engineering to IT, healthcare, and renewable energy. Each sector offers unique opportunities and challenges, making it essential for job seekers to familiarize themselves with the landscape of their chosen field.

Moreover, the job application process in Germany might differ significantly from what you’re accustomed to in your home country. From the style of your CV and cover letter to the interview process and work culture, each aspect requires careful attention and preparation.

When you wonder how to apply for a job in Germany then this guide is for you. In it, we will walk you through the essential steps of applying for a job in Germany, providing you with practical tips and insights to enhance your job search. Our aim is to equip you with the knowledge and confidence needed to navigate the German job market successfully. So, let’s embark on this exciting career journey in Germany together!

Decoding the German Job Market: Key Industries and Opportunities

The German job market is a dynamic and diverse landscape, offering a wide range of opportunities across various sectors. Whether you’re an engineer, a healthcare professional, an IT specialist, or a creative artist, Germany has a place for you.

One of the key strengths of the German job market lies in its strong manufacturing sector. Renowned for its precision and quality, German engineering is highly respected worldwide. The automotive industry, led by giants like BMW, Mercedes-Benz, and Volkswagen, is particularly prominent, offering numerous opportunities for engineers and technicians.

applying for a job in germany

The IT sector in Germany is also thriving. With the rise of digitalization and Industry 4.0, there is a growing demand for IT professionals skilled in areas such as cybersecurity, data analysis, and software development. Berlin, in particular, has emerged as a hub for tech startups, attracting talent from around the globe.

Healthcare is another significant sector in the German job market. With an aging population and a highly developed healthcare system, Germany offers a wide range of opportunities for doctors, nurses, and other healthcare professionals.

Moreover, Germany’s commitment to sustainability and renewable energy has led to a boom in the green energy sector. This industry offers exciting opportunities for those interested in contributing to a more sustainable future.

In the following sections, we will delve deeper into the strategies of how to apply for a job for job in Germany. This embarks how to effectively present your qualifications, and the intricacies of the German job application process. Stay tuned to learn more about how you can successfully navigate the German job market.

Strategizing Your Job Hunt in Germany: Online Portals, Networking, and More

In the digital age, job hunting has become more streamlined and accessible. Germany is no exception, with a multitude of online job portals and professional networks at your disposal. However, a successful job hunt in Germany requires more than just a casual browse through job listings.

Online job portals are a great starting point. Websites such as StepStone, Indeed, and Monster offer a vast array of job listings across various industries. For more specialized fields, there are industry-specific job portals. For instance, IT professionals might find IT-Treff and Honeypot useful, while academics and researchers can turn to Academics or ResearchGate.

LinkedIn is another valuable tool for job seekers in Germany. Not only can you find job listings, but you can also connect with professionals in your field, join industry-specific groups, and gain insights into companies you’re interested in.

However, don’t underestimate the power of networking. Many job vacancies in Germany are filled through personal connections. Attend industry events, join professional associations, and don’t hesitate to reach out to people in your field. Remember, networking is not just about taking – it’s about building mutually beneficial relationships.

Lastly, consider the value of a targeted job search. Rather than applying for every job that matches your qualifications, focus on roles and companies that align with your career goals and values. Tailor your application to each specific job, highlighting how your skills and experiences make you a good fit.

Questions and answers on how to apply for a job in Germany

Can i get a job in germany without speaking german.

Yes. You may start in IT or any other highly qualified position with an EU Blue Card. If you are a career starter you may start as an Au pair, in an FSJ program or with a temporary student job (work and travel). You may also start to study an English-run subject in Germany, work besides your studies and take over a full position as soon as you have finished your studies. Your individual opportunities depend from several factors however.

How to prepare a CV for a job in Germany?

When you apply for a job in Germany we recommend to use the Europass format: a standardized format developed by the European Union. This free template helps you to fill in all the required data. The challenge of using your own format is the risk of missing information (e.g. country of birth, day of birth, education etc.) which could be disadvantageous in the application process. By our experience German employers first of all want to get all required information about an applicant in the first row. Outstanding individually prepared CVs are also okay, but only if they include all information about a candidate.

Should I use a photo in a CV when I apply for a job in Germany?

When you apply for a job in Germany you may wonder whether to use a photo on the CV. Photos are not legally required nor can they be demanded. However in Germany there is still the tradition to use photos: Employers just want to get a personal impression of applicants often.

Which documents are required when applying in Germany?

Besides your CV in Europass format employers usually want to see: A German language certificate (indicating the Common reference levels), final certificate of your school exams (school leaving certificate). If you already have finished an apprenticeship or studies employers also need to see your vocational training school certificate and/or a document providing information about your university grade, subject of studies and your achieved marks. When you apply for a job in Germany it is recommended to send all documents together — and not piece by piece.

In which language should I send an application for a job in Germany?

When you apply for a job in Germany your CV and the cover letter should be in German. English is also an option, but all other languages are clearly not recommended. Any additional documents can be in original language. For the most central documents (e.g. your university degree) there should be a translation. In a first step simple translations are fully sufficient. At a later stage your employer might request official certified translations of your documents.

Does a German employer pay for visa costs, translations, and travels?

This depends very much from the vacant position. The more skills and qualifications a job requires, the more likely is a takeover of costs by the employer. If you apply for a entry-level position like apprenticeship, au pair, internship it is highly unlikely that your employer reimburses you for these costs.

Do German employers pay for accommodation in Germany?

In general German employers do not pay for the accommodation of their employees since they also do not provide these or similar payments to their German staff. However more and more employers help new staff in finding an affordable flat

Is Germany a great place to live at?

Germany not only offers a high standard of living but is also one of the safest and cleanest country in the world. Families have perfect living conditions due to a high quality and free schooling and education system and several benefits provided by the state.

Which jobs are in demand in Germany?

Highly in demand are IT professionals, medical doctors, nurses, craftsmen of all areas, drivers, warehouse pickers, and service staff. Since Germany is very close to full employment there are usually plenty of available positions for all professions. However applicants from non-EU countries should keep in mind that in most cases reliable German language skills are mandatory.

How to Apply for a Job: Understanding and Presenting Your Qualifications in Germany

When applying for jobs in Germany, it’s crucial to understand how to effectively present your qualifications to potential employers. The German job market highly values formal qualifications, so knowing how to translate your skills and experiences into the German context can give you a significant advantage.

Firstly, it’s important to recognize the German system of qualifications. In Germany, vocational training and academic degrees are highly respected. If you have completed an apprenticeship, a Bachelor’s, Master’s, or a PhD, be sure to highlight this in your application.

how to apply for a job

When crafting your CV and cover letter, remember that German employers value precision and clarity. List your qualifications in reverse chronological order, and provide details about your responsibilities and achievements in each role. If you have non-academic qualifications, such as language skills or IT competencies, include these as well.

However, qualifications aren’t just about formal degrees and skills. Soft skills, such as communication, teamwork, and problem-solving, are highly valued in the German job market. Use your cover letter and job interview to demonstrate these skills, providing concrete examples from your past experiences.

In the next section, we’ll delve into the specifics of crafting a German-style CV and cover letter. Stay tuned for practical tips and insights to help you stand out in the German job market.

Mastering the Art of Application: Crafting a German-Style CV and Cover Letter

The key to making a good first impression on German employers lies in your application documents. A well-crafted CV and cover letter can set you apart from other candidates and increase your chances of landing an interview.

In Germany, the CV, or ‘Lebenslauf’, is a factual and succinct document that outlines your qualifications, skills, and experiences. Unlike in some countries, a German CV should be strictly chronological, starting with your most recent position. It should include your personal details, education, work experience, skills, and references. Remember to include dates for each position or qualification, and avoid any unexplained gaps.

person writing Apprenticeship glass bfdb

One unique feature of a German CV is the ‘personal profile’ or ‘objective’ section at the beginning. This should be a brief statement outlining your career goals and why you’re a good fit for the position. It’s your chance to grab the employer’s attention, so make it compelling and tailored to the job you’re applying for.

The cover letter, or ‘Anschreiben’, is equally important. This is your opportunity to tell your story, explain your interest in the position, and highlight your most relevant skills and experiences. A good cover letter is tailored to the job and the company, demonstrating that you’ve done your research and understand what the role entails.

In the next section, we’ll explore what to expect in a German job interview and how to prepare effectively. Stay tuned for more insights into the German job application process.

How to Apply for a Job: The German Job Interview

Congratulations, you’ve landed a job interview in Germany! This is a significant milestone in your job application journey. However, it’s also a stage that requires careful preparation and understanding of the German business culture.

German job interviews are typically formal and structured. You can expect a series of questions about your qualifications, work experience, and motivation for applying to the role and the company. It’s also common for German employers to ask about your strengths and weaknesses, so be prepared to answer these questions with concrete examples from your past experiences.

In addition to the standard interview questions, you might also face a few scenario-based or problem-solving questions. These are designed to assess your practical skills and how you handle real-life situations in the workplace. Take your time to understand the question, and don’t be afraid to ask for clarification if needed.

 How to apply for a job in Germany.

Understanding German business etiquette can also give you an edge in the job interview. Punctuality is highly valued in Germany, so make sure to arrive on time. Dress appropriately for the interview – when in doubt, it’s better to be overdressed than underdressed. Remember to address your interviewers formally using ‘Herr’ (Mr.) or ‘Frau’ (Ms.) followed by their surname, unless they invite you to use their first name.

Finally, remember that a job interview is a two-way street. It’s not only an opportunity for the employer to assess your fit for the role, but also for you to evaluate if the company and the role are a good fit for you. Prepare a few questions to ask at the end of the interview – this shows your interest in the role and helps you gather more information about the company and the job.

In the next section, we’ll guide you through the process of obtaining a work visa in Germany. Stay tuned for practical tips and insights to help you navigate this crucial step.

Ausbildung path for success

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  • Select an application strategy
  • Find an employer for this apprenticeship
  • Apply for the apprenticeship at this employer
  • Wait for the results or start again with 1

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How to Get a Job in Germany

How to get a job in germany as a foreigner: a step-by-step guide.

In this article, we will provide a step-by-step guide on how to find a job in Germany as a foreigner.  

The German job market is a thriving hub for international professionals looking for job opportunities and career progression. From understanding the German job market and working culture, to obtaining an employment visa, finding resources and navigating the job application process, we will cover all the important aspects of finding a career . 

Overview of the German Job Market

The German job market is renowned for its stability and low unemployment rate , which makes it an attractive place for individuals seeking to start or advance their careers.  

The key industries in Germany include management, computer science, and finance, with leading companies such as Siemens, BMW, and Deutsche Bank setting the pace in these sectors. 

Additionally, Germany is known to be a popular destination for international job seekers, as the country has a well-established immigration process and supports integration initiatives for immigrants to help them settle into the country and its job market smoothly. 

Understanding the Working Culture in Germany

The working culture in Germany is renowned for its strong emphasis on punctuality, efficiency, and high-quality work.  

Employees are expected to adhere to set schedules and deadlines, and to take their job responsibilities seriously.  

A hierarchical structure is often present in the workplace, with clear lines of authority and communication.  

In terms of work-life balance, Germans tend to value their leisure time and prioritise it over long work hours.  

However, the culture is shifting towards a more flexible approach , with many companies now offering flexible working hours and remote work options.  

Additionally, the country has a strong focus on continuing education and professional development, with employees encouraged to upskill and progress in their careers.  

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Salaries and Benefits for Employees in Germany

Salary and benefits packages.

The salary and benefits packages for employees in Germany are generally considered to be comprehensive and competitive.  

The minimum wage in Germany is €1614 per month, or €19,368 annually [ 2 ] for most industries, and many companies offer salaries above this level, often based on the employee's qualifications, experience, and job responsibilities.  

Mandatory employee benefits in Germany include retirement, unemployment insurance, healthcare, long-term nursing care and workers’ compensation [ 3 ].  

Meanwhile, common supplementary employee benefits include retirement, life insurance, and disability. Perks may also include company cars, job bikes, transportation allowances, childcare, gym memberships, and lunch vouchers.  

Additionally, Germany is known for its generous statutory holiday entitlements, with workers typically receiving around 24 paid holidays per year .  

Tech and startup scene

The German tech and startup scene is thriving, and salaries and benefits in these industries reflect this. Companies in the tech industry offer competitive salaries and benefits packages, with a focus on attracting and retaining highly skilled workers.  

In the startup scene, salaries may be lower, but employees are often offered a range of benefits, such as equity in the company, flexible working hours, and a dynamic and fast-paced work environment. The salary and benefits packages in these industries are designed to support and encourage innovation and growth.  

Overall, the salary and benefits packages in Germany, including those in the tech and startup scenes, are designed to provide employees with a good standard of living and security. For international students planning to study and work in Germany, it's important to understand the costs involved in living and studying in the country. Check out our ultimate guide for international students to get a comprehensive overview of the cost of studying in Germany.

How to Get Work Visa for Germany

There are specific steps you need to follow to get an employment visa for Germany: [ 1 ]

First things first, find a job offer in Germany.  

This is your ticket to getting a work visa, so make sure you secure a job offer from a German employer before applying for an employment visa. 

Next, determine whether you need a visa for long stays in Germany.  

If you're a citizen of the European Union (EU) or European Economic Area (EEA), you're in luck as you do not need a German work visa. However, if you're not from the EU or EEA, you’ll need an employment visa

Once you've sorted that out, it's time to determine where to submit your visa application.  

This can vary depending on your location, so be sure to check whether you need to submit your visa application to the German Embassy or Consulate. 

Now comes the time to collect all the necessary documents.  

Before applying for an employment visa, you'll need to gather all the relevant documents , including your passport, CV, job offer letter, and other certificates . 

Finally, attend a visa interview to submit your documents and answer questions related to your application.  

Be sure to schedule an appointment and prepare for your interview in advance. 

How to Get Job Seeker Visa for Germany

If you're a non-EU citizen and wish to search for employment opportunities in Germany, you can apply for a Job Seeker visa.  

Here are the general steps to follow to obtain a Job Seeker visa for Germany: 

  • First, you should check if you meet the eligibility requirements, which include providing proof of vocational or academic training and having qualifications recognised in Germany or equivalent to a German degree or diploma. If you are seeking employment in a regulated profession like healthcare, a professional practice permit is mandatory [ 3 ].  
  • To apply for a job seeker visa for Germany, you need to find out where in your country to submit your application.  It's likely you'll submit your application to an embassy or consulate where a fee is required [ 1 ][ 2 ]. 
  • Once you have completed all necessary steps and submitted your application, you can retrieve your job seeker visa upon entering Germany [ 1 ][ 2 ] and if you find a job within the six-month period, you can then apply for a work visa to stay and work in Germany. 

As an international student learning on-campus at IU International University of Applied Sciences, you can change your residence permit into an 18-month post-study job seeker’s visa as soon as you finish, allowing you to stay in Germany and find work.   

Resources for Finding Jobs in Germany

Making a career in Germany can be a challenging process, but there are many resources available to help job seekers. The following are some of the most useful resources for finding jobs in Germany: 

Popular online job portals such as Monster.de, Stepstone.de, and Indeed.de can be a great starting point for job seekers. These websites host job postings from employers across various industries and allow you to create a profile with the option of uploading your resume. 

Networking is a key component of the job search process in Germany. Attend career fairs, industry events, and connect with people in your field through professional organisations and social media.

Recruitment agencies specialise in finding job candidates for employers. Many job seekers find success by working with a recruitment agency that understands their skills and qualifications. 

Directly applying to companies through their websites can be a good way to find job opportunities . Many companies post job openings on their websites, and you can also use the company’s website to learn about the company culture and see if the company aligns with your values and career goals. 

Internships can be a great way to gain experience and make connections in your desired industry. Many companies offer internships to students or recent graduates, and these opportunities can lead to full-time employment. 

How to get job in Germany FAQs:

How easy is it to get a job in germany.

The ease of getting career opportunities in Germany can vary based on factors like industry, experience, and language skills. Generally, the job market in Germany is competitive, and it may take time to find a suitable job opportunity. However, there are various resources available, such as job search websites and recruitment agencies, to help individuals find job openings. 

How to get a job seeker visa in Germany?

To be eligible for a job seeker visa, applicants must have a recognized university degree and proof of sufficient funds to support themselves during their stay. The process of obtaining a job seeker visa includes submitting a visa application to the German embassy or consulate in their home country and attending an interview. 

How can a foreigner get a job in Germany?

Foreigners can get a job in Germany by searching for job openings, networking, and applying through various resources such as job search websites, recruitment agencies, and LinkedIn. It is also helpful to have a good understanding of the German language and cultural expectations in the workplace. 

How to get a job in Germany without speaking German?

There are job opportunities available in Germany for non-German speakers, particularly in international companies or in industries such as IT and finance. However, it is recommended to learn some basic German as it can increase job opportunities and help with daily life in Germany. 

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Work in Germany: Guide for Foreign Job Seekers

Last updated on  March 30, 2023

If you are seeking information on how to find work in Germany, you have come to the right place and at the right time. Germany is with a labour force of 45.5 million, including 3.5 million foreign employees, and with nearly two million job vacancies the largest job market in Europe and one that is among the most open to foreign job seekers. To sustain the growth of the German economy the country needs foreign specialists of certain professions. In addition, due to ageing of the population and retirement of the “baby boomer” generation Germany is hiring thousands of healthcare specialists and other skilled personnel from foreign countries. For foreigners with specific in-demand qualifications finding a well-paid job in Germany is now more real than ever.

  • German Economy and Employment
  • Working Conditions in Germany
  • Personal Income Tax
  • Who Can Get a Job in Germany?
  • EU/EEA Citizens
  • Citizens of Third Countries
  • Jobseeker’s Visa for Germany
  • Existing Projects Aimed at Recruiting Foreign Skilled Labour
  • Recognition of Occupational Qualifications
  • Self-Employment in Germany
  • Public Employment Agencies
  • Independent Job Portals
  • Newspaper Job Portals
  • How to Apply for a Job in Germany
  • How to Behave at a Job Interview in Germany

1. German Economy and Employment

Germany is the largest European economy and the fourth largest economy in the world, accounting for 4.4% of the global GDP. The growth of the Germany’s technology-driven economy largely depends on exports as Germany is the world’s third biggest exporter, having the largest nominal trade surplus in the world. The total German labour force is about 45.5 million while the unemployment rate is extremely low at 2.8%. There is virtually no unemployment in large German cities. The only regions affected by some unemployment are the rural areas, mainly in the north-east. Hence, it is not surprising that Germany is also one of the world’s largest importers of foreign workforce as 3.5 million foreigners already work in Germany.

There appears to be just one major weakness in the German economy and that is the German demographics. It is estimated that by 2030, one third of the German population will be over the age of 67, that is, in retirement age. To keep the German economy afloat, an estimated net inflow of 400,000 foreign workers a year will be needed. To achieve this goal, Germany has further simplified its immigration rules in 2020 and again in 2022 so that skilled foreign workers can help fill the gaps in the German labor market.

2. German Job Market for Foreigners

The German job market currently has nearly two million job vacancies (as of December 2022 according to the EUROSTAT). This alone presents tremendous work opportunities for foreigners. Yet, due to the large size, stable growth and undergoing structural changes in the German economy, hundreds of thousands of new jobs are created each year. The German labour market lacks skilled professionals in several important areas and German government and employers are welcoming foreigners to fill this gap. Moreover, Germany is known for its aging population. It is estimated that between 2022 and 2036, 12.9 million economically active persons will reach the retirement age, which is more than 28% of the current German workforce. This will create further opportunities for foreigners wishing to live and work in Germany.

2.1. Working Conditions in Germany

German Labour Code (which is actually a set of employment laws) provides a high level of protection to all employees. With a five-day working week, the maximum working hours are defined at 48 hours per week while most employees work 38.5 hours a week. All employees are entitled to a minimum of 20 days of holiday per year. However, most employers offer their employees 25-30 days of holiday. In addition, there are nine bank holidays in Germany that are celebrated in all federal states alongside regional holidays celebrated in certain federal states. Hence, the national average is 11 bank holidays a year. The minimum wage in Germany is 12 Euros per hour (as of October 1st, 2022), that is 2,080 Euros per month for 40-hour work week.

2.2. Personal Income Tax

Germany has a relatively complicated taxation system. The personal income tax rate starts at zero and rises progressively to a maximum of 45% for high-income individuals (earning more than 277,825 Euros a year). In addition, there is a 5.5% solidarity surcharge (individuals who earn between 74K and 110K Euros annually pay less while those earning below 74K Euros annually are excluded altogether) and an 8-9% church tax for registered church members that are levied as a percentage of income tax. Social security contributions (amounting to ca 20% of income until a certain ceiling is reached) are deducted from personal income before calculating income tax. Generous tax allowances are provided to families with children (read this article for more information on personal income tax calculation).

3. Job Vacancies in the German Economy

In the German labour market there is a continuously high demand for people with certain special skills. These include highly skilled individuals with university education such as physicians, engineers, teachers, natural scientists, mathematicians and IT specialists as well as qualified specialists with vocational education such as nurses, caregivers and skilled trades workers of different professions. Moreover, millions of Germans will retire over the coming years which will create demand also in areas where there are no shortages yet. Many experts believe that these gaps can only be plugged with foreign professionals enticed to work in Germany.

3.1 Which Professions Are Needed Most in Germany?

3.1.1. healthcare.

A lack of healthcare professionals, especially doctors and nurses, is a chronic problem of the German health sector. It is estimated that the German healthcare system currently needs about 5,000 physicians to fill the gap. The minimum starting salary of a medical graduate in Germany is over 57,000 Euros a year, the highest among all university graduates. A doctor who has completed a medical training in any country (also outside the European Economic Area) that is equivalent to the medical training in Germany is eligible for a medical licence in Germany.

Worse yet for Germany, it is estimated that additional 500,000 nursing personnel, who are already in short supply, will be needed over the next ten years in German hospitals and nursing homes. Although not all nurses and other healthcare personnel may have their qualifications immediately recognized in Germany, the Federal Employment Agency (Bundesagentur für Arbeit) encourages foreigners to complete vocational training courses in Germany to become eligible for jobs in the German healthcare industry.

To help German employers deal with the shortage of healthcare personnel and other skilled professionals, the German Government launched several recruitment initiatives targeted at foreign workers from third countries. Information on the current projects for recruiting foreign nursing staff can be found below under the heading “Existing Projects Aimed at Recruiting Foreign Skilled Labour”. For complete guide on the opportunities for foreign nursing personnel in the German healthcare sector (incl. salaries) read the article “ Nursing jobs in Germany “.

3.1.2. Technology

Germany is one of the world leaders in technology and innovation. Its export intensive industry has a growing demand for highly skilled professionals in certain technical areas. These mainly include specialists in the fields of automotive, mechanical and electrical engineering as well telecommunications and information technology specialists (e.g., programmers). In addition to these professions sought after by the industry, many technology research institutes are looking for the so-called STEM graduates (STEM is an acronym for science, technology, engineering and mathematics also known as MINT professions in Germany). They include not only the aforementioned engineers and IT specialists but also mathematicians and specialists in different fields of science such as biotechnology or nanotechnology.

The starting salary of a graduate of mechanical or electrical engineering or a STEM graduate in general is in the range of 46,000 – 51,000 Euros a year and it is not uncommon for people with 15 years of experience in the field to earn over 75,000 Euros a year.

4. Who Can Get a Job in Germany?

Citizen of any country can apply for a job in Germany but some nationals will have it more difficult than others to get it. This has to do with German foreign labour regulations.

5. Who Needs a Work Permit in Germany?

In general, citizens of countries from outside of the European Economic Area (EU and EFTA) need a work permit (that is a residence permit for gainful employment) to be allowed to work in Germany. Thus, as you may assume, there are two categories of foreign job seekers in Germany, those from the EEA and those from outside the EEA, usually described as third countries:

5.1. EU/EEA Citizens

Nationals of the European Economic Area (EEA), which includes the EU and EFTA countries, have an unrestricted access to the German labour market and will be treated the same way as any German national when applying for a job in Germany. They do not need a work or residence permit and their employers do not have to prove to the German labour authorities that the position could not have been filled by a German citizen.

5.2. Citizens of Third Countries

Foreigners coming from countries outside of the EEA need a residence permit for work purposes (also called residence permit for gainful employment) whereas in order to get this permit their employer must usually prove that there were no suitable candidates for the job amongst applicants from the EEA countries. This applies to all non-EEA nationals, irrespective of whether they need a visa to enter Germany or not (more information is available at the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees ).

However, exceptions do exist when it is not necessary to prove that there are no suitable candidates from within the EEA. Examples are listed below.

  • Fresh graduates of German universities : Citizens of third countries who have earned their university degree in Germany can stay in the country for another 18 months and work part-time while looking for a job in their field of study. But, to be allowed to stay, they must apply for the post-study work visa before their student’s visa expires. Once they have found a job that corresponds to their qualifications, they can convert their residence permit for study purposes into a residence permit for gainful employment and start working full time. In addition, foreign graduates of German universities who left home after completing their studies can still return to Germany for job hunting (see the Jobseeker’s visa below).
  • Fresh graduates of German vocational training programmes : Likewise, foreigners from third countries who have completed a vocational training in Germany can have their residence permit extended for another 12 months to find a job that suits their qualifications. During this 12 month period they can take up any job to help cover their living costs in Germany until they find a work they were originally trained for. Should they leave Germany for home having no job offer, they are eligible for the German jobseeker’s visa, just like the above mentioned university graduates.
  • Academics eligible for the EU Blue Card : Another exception are university graduates having a binding offer for any specialist job that pays them at least 58,400 Euros a year (applies to 2023). Moreover, for certain specialist professions where there is a chronic lack of suitable candidates from within the EEA, there is a reduced minimum annual salary limit of 45,552 Euros. These jobs include doctors of medicine as well as the so-called MINT professions (mathematics, informatics, natural sciences and technology/engineering). All those mentioned in this paragraph are eligible for the EU Blue Card (temporary residence title) in Germany.
  • Foreign professionals with vocational skills : In addition, in its new “ Skilled Immigration Act ” Germany made it easier for non-academics from outside the EEA to access the German labor market, including occupations where there is no shortage of skills within Germany. That is, the so-called qualified professionals from third countries have an opportunity to obtain a work visa for Germany if 1) they have a binding offer for a job in Germany for which they are qualified and 2) they have received higher education or vocational training in Germany or elsewhere that is equivalent to German professional standards. However, if the candidate is over 45 years old, they must be offered a minimum salary of 48,180 Euros per year (as of 2023), or must have an adequate pension provision.

6. Jobseeker’s Visa for Germany

University graduates and professionals with vocational skills from countries that do not have a visa-free regime with Germany may apply for a visa for jobseekers at the nearest German consulate or embassy . This visa is issued for six months. Besides a valid passport, other required documents for issuing a visa for jobseekers include a university degree or a vocational training certificate recognized in Germany, a German language certificate (minimum B1), CV, letter of motivation and a travel insurance policy. Applicants must also prove that they can support themselves financially for six months as they will not be allowed to take up any employment in Germany during their stay on a jobseeker’s visa other than trial employment of up to 10 hours a week. This type of visa cannot be extended. Therefore, the job seeker must leave Germany once the visa expired and wait for at least as long as they have stayed in Germany (usually six months) before they can apply for another jobseeker’s visa.

7. Existing Projects Aimed at Recruiting Foreign Skilled Labour

  • Hand in Hand for International Talents – The aim of this project organized by DIHK Service GmbH, the Ministry of Economy and the Employment Agency is to help German companies in selected regions recruit skilled and experienced professionals from Brazil, India and Vietnam. The sought-after professions include electrical engineers, IT and telecommunications experts, software developers as well as cooks, hotel personnel and workers for catering services.
  • Skilled Trades Offer a Future or Handwerk bietet Zukunft (HabiZu) in German – is a project funded by the Ministry of Economy and implemented by the German Confederation of Skilled Trades, the Employment Agency and sequa gGmbH. The objective is to help medium-sized companies in several German regions find electronics trades workers, construction metal workers and plant mechanics for sanitary, heating & air conditioning technology. Recruitment takes place in Bosnia and Herzegovina. However, the project is currently on hold, not accepting new applications.
  • Triple Win Project – organized jointly by the Employment Agency and the German Society for International Cooperation has the goal to recruit qualified foreign nursing and caregiving personnel for the German healthcare industry. At the moment, recruitment takes place in India, Philippines, Vietnam, Indonesia, Tunisia, and Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  • Fair Recruitment of Nurses Germany or Faire Anwerbung Pflege Deutschland in German – is a project sponsored by the Ministry of Health and implemented by the German Agency for International Healthcare Professions to support fair recruitment of foreign nursing personnel from Brazil, India, Indonesia, Mexico and the Philippines for German hospitals and homes for the elderly.
  • Nursing Professionals for Germany – is a program carried out by the Employment Agency in cooperation with German clinics to ensure fair and professional recruitment of nursing staff from Latin America, especially from Brazil and Mexico. This project is an expansion of the existing “Triple Win Project” mentioned above.
  • Project THAMM (Trainees and qualified professionals from North Africa) – the focus of this project is to help German companies find skilled workers and trainees in North Africa. It is a joint project of the German Society for International Cooperation and the Employment Agency. The goal is sustainable recruitment and successful integration of immigrant workers in Germany.
  • UBAconnect – the motto of this project is “finding qualified professionals through adaptation programmes”. Hence, the task is to identify German companies ready to employ skilled trades workers from abroad whose qualifications are not fully recognized in Germany while supporting these individuals towards achieving required qualifications through adaptation programmes. Hiring of foreign personnel for this project is just beginning in 2023.
  • Westbalkan-Regelung – Nationals of Albania, Kosovo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia enjoy a preferential access to the German job market and vocational training courses. The project called “Arbeiten und Leben in Deutschland” started at the beginning of 2016 and should have ended in December 2020 but it was extended till the end of 2023. Under this programme, citizens of participating countries can also apply for non-specialist jobs that are normally not available to citizens of third countries. Additional information can be found in this PDF .

8. Recognition of Occupational Qualifications

It is very likely that foreign job applicants will at some point need to have their professional qualifications obtained outside of Germany compared with the German equivalents in order to be recognized in Germany. That is, they will be issued a “ Statement of Comparability “. Some professions in Germany, such as medical specialists or lawyers, are regulated and recognition is necessary. For many others it is not required but generally helpful when applying for a job or needed for issuing a visa. Smooth recognition of school certificates and university degrees can be expected if these were issued in another EU/EEA country or a country that is a signatory of the Bologna Process . In any case, expect to pay several hundred Euros for this process. For more information check out the information portal of the German government for recognition of foreign professional qualifications and the Anabin database .

9. Self-Employment in Germany

Besides taking up employment, the nationals of third countries can set up their own business in Germany. The new initiative seeks to recruit business-minded foreigners from third countries who will create new innovative jobs in Germany. They will, however, need to prove that there is a demand for their products or services in the German market, that their business will benefit the German economy and that they have secured financing for their project either through their own capital or already pre-approved bank loan. Successful candidates are eligible for a residence permit for self-employment. Likewise, talented foreign freelancers can apply for a residence permit for freelance work. This website should help you answer some questions regarding setting-up your own business in Germany.

10. Searching for a Job in Germany

Whether you are in Germany or not, there are several steps you can take to start a job search. For executive or specialist positions you can hire a reputable international executive search firm or a local recruitment agency (Personalagentur). But, while waiting for the headhunters to call you with their job offers, you can explore the existing opportunities on your own, especially if you are not in the six digit bracket. The easiest option is to check the German job websites. Your first point of reference should be those that are operated by the government agencies but there are also many others, mostly privately owned job portals that are worth a try. Here is quite a comprehensive list to begin with:

10.1. Public Employment Agencies

  • Jobbörse der Bundesagentur für Arbeit (Job Board of the Federal Employment Agency) – you will not only find there thousands of job offerings but also advice from the most competent people in the industry when it comes to helping foreigners find work in Germany. Registered users can set up their individual profile so that they can be contacted by potential employers.
  • EURES (European Employment Services) is a project of the European Commission, also called the European Job Mobility Portal. It enables you to search for vacancies in all of its member states. To narrow your search, select Germany at the top of the left-hand sidebar.
  • Job Listings of the Portal – Make It in Germany . This is a joint project of the Federal Ministry of Economy, the Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, and the Federal Employment Agency designed to help foreigners seeking careers in Germany answer all their questions. This web portal is a key component of the campaign aimed at attracting skilled professionals from abroad to fill the gaps in the German labour market.
  • EURAXESS (Researchers in Motion) is a project supported by the European Commission and the Federal Ministry of Education and Research to promote the exchange of European scientists among its 30 member states. Universities and research institutes are encouraged to post their vacancies to the network to make them available to researchers from other countries. Researchers can also post their CVs to the Euraxess network.

10.2. Independent Job Portals

The most obvious choices for any foreign job seeker looking for work in Germany include JobStairs, Monster, JobWare, Staufenbiel, The Local, LinkedIn, StepStone Germany and Indeed Germany but there are also job portals that specialize in a certain geographic area or type of professions that you should check out such as:

  • EnglishJobs – English-speaking jobs in Germany
  • JOBSinMUNICH – local job search for Munich for English-speaking foreign professionals where you can find links to other similar local job portals like JobsinBerlin or JobsinHamburg, etc.
  • Medi Jobs – medical professions (doctors, nurses, medical assistants)
  • Mein Pflegejob – job portal for nursing and caregiving occupations
  • GermanTechJobs – an IT job board created with the focus on transparency
  • Absolventa – jobs for university students and fresh graduates
  • Academics – jobs in research and higher education
  • Praktikum – student internships

(For more resources, type “Jobbörse” or “jobs in Germany” into Google.)

10.3. Newspaper Job Portals

  • Stellenmarkt – Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (FAZ)
  • Karriere und Jobs – Handelsblatt
  • Stellenmarkt – Süddeutsche Zeitung
  • Der Zeit Stellenmarkt
  • Karriere – Das Job Portal von Handelsblatt und Wirtschaftswoche

(See this article for a more comprehensive list of major German newspapers and magazines.)

The more straightforward way of searching for a job is to check the websites of German companies in your field. Most of them have a page called “Jobs & Karriere” or “Offene Stellen” where you can find open positions that often cannot be seen on the job search aggregators. But, do not focus exclusively on the largest employers. There are thousands of small and medium sized firms in Germany looking to hire people from abroad. You can also try to send them speculative applications (Initiativbewerbung), which is perfectly acceptable in Germany. However, this can be quite time consuming.

11. How to Apply for a Job in Germany

When applying for a job in Germany you will most likely need to provide more than just your CV and reference letters from previous employers. It is still common in Germany to send job applications by post as a folder (Bewerbungsmappe) containing:

  • Cover letter
  • Curriculum Vitae
  • Reference letters
  • Copy of the school leaving certificate
  • Copy of the university diploma
  • Samples of work
  • Passport size photo

Later on, some employers may also ask you to provide a copy of the criminal record but it is typically not part of the application folder. Although traditionally all this correspondence was done by post, many employers now require these documents only in electronic printable format such as PDF. It goes without saying that you should have your documents composed (and translated when applicable) in German or English (if you are applying for an English-speaking job). If your reference letters are in English, it is usually not necessary to have them translated into German.

A quick Internet search will provide you with plenty of examples and guidance on how to compose a catchy and professional cover letter and CV. Just type “Bewerbung” or “Bewerbungsschreiben” or “Lebenslauf Muster” or “Bewerbung Vorlagen kostenlos” into Google. Here are a few good examples:

  • Europass enables you to create a professional cover letter and CV online in German, English or any other European language. Documents are not stored on the server, so you need to download them before leaving the editor.
  • KarriereBibel allows you to download free samples of cover letters and CVs in word format that are easy to use at home.
  • Bewerbung offers a free generator that enables you to compose your motivation letter and CV online. They will be sent to your email. You will also find there lots of helpful tips on writing a perfect resume and to prepare you for a job interview.

12. How to Behave at a Job Interview in Germany

All your hard work has paid off and you have been invited to a job interview. There is no universal advice on how to behave at a job interview in Germany that will guarantee you success as every case is different and a lot depends on the company and a person who will be interviewing you. But in general, when in Germany follow these tips for a successful interview:

  • Be punctual and polite but don’t be boring
  • Dress suitably (better keep your Rolex watch under the sleeve)
  • Keep an eye contact with your interviewer
  • Listen to your interviewer carefully
  • Don’t behave emotionally but don’t be unresponsive
  • Refrain from criticising anyone (especially your former boss or colleagues)
  • Emphasize (and depending on the situation exaggerate) your past achievements
  • Learn something about the company and show it
  • Bring a list of questions to ask
  • Bring multiple copies of your CV and cover letter
  • Take notes (or at least pretend to be taking them)
  • For God’s sake put your mobile device in silent mode

As for Skype or phone interview, do not let anyone to disturb you and make sure you sound as natural as if you were sitting in the company’s meeting room.

We hope you have found this guide helpful and will soon find work in Germany. For further work related information about Germany do not forget to check out the pages “Immigration to Germany”, “Nursing Jobs for Foreigners” and “Salaries and Cost of Living in Germany”.

Work in Germany FAQs

Anyone can get a job in Germany, though nationals of third countries (i.e., countries outside of the European Economic Area – acronym EEA) need a work permit and thus will have to deal with immigration paperwork. They will be allowed to take up certain jobs only if there are no suitable candidates for this position among the nationals of any EEA country.

Get your qualifications recognized in Germany, find suitable job offers corresponding to your qualifications and apply online. If invited to a job interview, ask whether you could be interviewed online. In case it is necessary to travel to Germany for a personal meeting and you are a citizen of a country that does not have a visa-free regime with Germany, apply for a jobseeker’s visa. Once you have a binding job offer, depending on your citizenship, you may start working right away (applies to citizens of the EU and EFTA countries) or you may need to apply for a work visa at the nearest German consulate or embassy (applies to citizens of third countries who need a visa to enter Germany) or you may just need to apply for a residence permit at the local alien’s office in Germany (applies to citizen of third countries who have visa-free entry to Germany and are already present in Germany).

Yes, there are specialist jobs in Germany for foreigners who speak English but have little or no knowledge of German. These include, for example, native-speaking English teachers but also scientists or IT & technology specialists. However, most of these jobs are suitable mainly for citizens of the EEA countries who are not required to speak German to be allowed to live and work in Germany.

No, it isn’t if you meet all the requirements for a German work visa, particularly having a binding job offer from Germany, and there are no suitable candidates for your position from any EEA country (i.e., the EU and EFTA combined). Depending on the country of origin of the applicants, the rejection rate for a German work visa is between 5% and 25%, but usually it is less than 10%.

If you are a citizen of a non-EEA country, you need a residence permit for gainful employment to work in Germany while prior to moving to Germany you may need to have a work visa issued by the German consulate or embassy near you. Unfortunately, you cannot apply for a work visa or a residence permit for gainful employment unless you have a binding job offer from a company or institution in Germany. But, on the other hand, you may be eligible for a jobseeker’s visa. A jobseeker’s visa will allow you to stay in Germany for 6 months looking for a job. However, you will not be allowed to work and earn money, and therefore, you will have to finance your stay from your own pocket.

Yes sure, you can. But, it is recommended to have your foreign qualifications recognized in Germany before you apply for a job in Germany.

Citizens of the EU and EFTA states (commonly known as EEA countries) can stay in Germany without a job for as long as they wish, provided they register with the local resident registration office. For citizens of third countries it depends on the purpose of their stay. Those visiting Germany on a tourist visa can stay a maximum of 90 days. Foreigners staying in Germany on a jobseeker’s visa can stay for 6 months while students and trainees in vocational training programmes can stay for the duration of their residence permit which can be extended after finishing their studies or training for another 18 or 12 months, respectively.

There is no particular minimum salary requirement for a German work permit unless you are applying for a German EU Blue Card. However, the German immigration authorities will examine whether you are going to be employed on fair terms and your salary is within a normal range. For the EU Blue Card Germany, you must be offered an annual salary of over 58,400 euros and for STEM positions (i.e., life sciences, natural sciences, computer science, mechanical and electrical engineering & technology, mathematics, etc.) at least 45,552 euros (applies to 2023).

Germany has a shortage of experts in several areas. The most in-demand occupations include medical doctors, specialists in life sciences, natural scientists, IT & technology specialists, mechanical & electrical engineers, mathematicians and teachers. This list, however, is not exhaustive. In addition to the aforementioned academics, there are also growing shortages in many vocational occupations, most notably in healthcare personnel (particularly nurses, caregivers and nursing & caregiver assistants).

A medical doctor has been for many years the highest paid profession in Germany and considering the continuing lack of doctors in Germany it is going to remain at no. 1 for quite some time. The average salary of a medical doctor in Germany in 2022 was nearly 94,000 euros a year while the minimum starting salary was 57,000 euros a year.

The minimum wage in Germany is defined at 12 euros per hour (since October 1st, 2022), which corresponds to 2,080 euros per month if working 8 hours a day (40 hours per week).

The average gross salary in Germany (including bonuses and overtime hours) was 4,427 euros per month in 2022, which is 53,118 euros annualized. Keep in mind that this number is before taxes and social security contributions. For more information check out the section ‘ Average Salaries and Cost of Living in Germany ‘.

5,000 euros a month or 60,000 euros a year is a good salary in Germany as it is 13% above the national average for 2022 which was 53,118 euros. But, you should also consider regional differences in income and cost of living. While 60,000 euros a year is a good salary in affluent Munich, it is a much better salary, for example, in some small town in the federal state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.

Most Germans work on average 7-8 hours a day, five days a week from Monday till Friday.

In Germany you are allowed to work a maximum of 48 hours a week, which is calculated as a 6 month average (or 24 week average). So, you can work 50 hours on some weeks (and then work correspondingly less on other weeks) but you cannot work 50 hours every week.

No because the maximum daily working hours in Germany are defined at 10 while the daily average over a 6 month period may not exceed 8 hours, i.e. 48 hours per week. Therefore, it is not possible to work 80 hours a week, not even on a single week of the year.

Not yet, though some two hundred German companies have already switched to a 4-day work week and many more are considering it.

Typically between 35-40 hours per week, spread over 5 working days.

A typical part-time job in Germany is for 20 hours per week. This happens to correspond to the maximum working hours allowed to foreign students from third countries (non-EEA). If you were working 20 hours a week and were paid a minimum wage of 12 euros per hour, you would be earning on average 1,040 euros a month gross (you can obviously earn a lot more if paid a higher hourly rate). But, keep in mind that even if you fad no other income, this amount alone exceeds the annual tax exemption threshold and, therefore, you would have to pay taxes and social security contributions.

Most commonly a mini-job in Germany refers to a job with an income limit of 520 euros per month and 6,240 euros per year (since October 1st, 2022) that is exempt from social security contributions. A flat income tax rate of 2% is applied but it is only payable by the employer. That is, mini-jobbers themselves do not have any tax obligations.

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  • Jobs in Germany

I've compiled a list of job opportunities in Germany for the years 2023 and 2024, in both the public and private sectors.

I’ve compiled a list of job opportunities in Germany for the years 2023 and 2024, in both the public and private sectors. All international candidates are now accepting online applications. Thus, it is an excellent opportunity for expatriates who wish to work in Germany.

Germany is one of the best countries to obtain various opportunities, such as in the field of education, where numerous universities offer scholarships and departments offer internships and jobs to international candidates. Now, returning to the original point, jobs in Germany are well-compensated, with a variety of industries offering competitive pay and benefits. In addition, many more opportunities for foreigners in 2022–2023 are being advertised in a variety of locations. There are jobs available for both men and women, making it simple to apply without any gender discrimination. In this post, the specifics of various organizations offering multiple positions are provided. Therefore, immediately search for employment and submit. Below are the specifics regarding employment in Germany in 2023–2024.

Details About Jobs in Germany:

  • Country : Germany
  • Category : Jobs (multiple positions)
  • Salary : €65,000 to €85,000 annually
  • Deadline : Varies

List of Jobs in Germany

1- banking jobs germany.

There are various banking positions available for both national and international candidates. Manager, front desk, office assistant, consultant, and a multitude of other positions are among those advertised. Candidates for banking positions can earn €6,650 per month. The following are some German institutions with their official websites:

  • KFW Bankgruppe
  • Deutsche Bank
  • Commerz Bank
  • HypoVereinsBank

2- Education Field Jobs Germany

In the field of education, candidates can earn up to €2,830 per month on a competitive salary, and positions are available in multiple fields with various benefits. If you speak German, you will benefit more from this opportunity. Here is a list of institutions that offer employment to international candidates.

Check Also: Production Manager Jobs in Germany 2023-Apply Now
  • Berlin Humboldt University
  • International Bilingual School of Kammer
  • International school Acadia Bad Homburg
  • Munich’s Ludwig Maximilian University
  • Phorms School Berlin
  • Joseph Schwarz School

3- Health Sector Jobs in Germany

All overseas job seekers are encouraged to apply. Job opportunities exist in a variety of German medical fields. You can earn a competitive income of €8,960 to €15,000. The following are some potential fields for employment:

  • University Hospital Heidelberg
  • University Hospital Bonn
  • Munster University Hospital
  • University Hospital Friedberg
  • Alfried Krupp Hospital Ruettenscheid

4- IT Jobs Germany

A wide variety of firms, including Microtech Global Limited, AstraZeneca, Ernest Gordon Recruitment, European Recruitment Ltd., and many more, are currently hiring for information technology positions. You can make as much as the average German engineer, which is €55,085.

5- Insurance Jobs

Insurance jobs are available in various departments for international candidates. Departments are subsequent.

  • GmbH ELA International
  • Neither TREKS Clark Germany GmBH nor Deloitte Consulting GmBH
  • Solera Izumo

6- Aviation Jobs

In Germany, aviation jobs are available to all international candidates. Candidates can find employment as an aircraft mechanic, aircraft electronics technician, aircraft maintenance engineer, avionics technician, or A320-type rated pilot at numerous institutions, including CAE Parc Aviation, Boston Air Group Limited, Connect 4 Aviation, and many others.

7- Engineering Jobs Germany

Numerous companies offer international candidates a variety of field jobs. The following companies are enumerated:

  • Schlumberger, BASF, and HCL Technologies
  • Rapidon Robotics
  • KEWAZO Quest Global

In addition to providing their employees with a competitive salary and numerous benefits, the companies listed above also provide them with a competitive compensation package.

Thus far, we have discussed companies and industries in Germany that offer multiple positions to international candidates. Apply immediately based on their requirements.

Benefits of Jobs in Germany for Foreigners:

  • Strong economy: Germany is one of the largest and strongest economies in Europe, which offers numerous job opportunities in various industries.
  • High Wages: Germany offers competitive salaries, which can lead to a high standard of living and financial security.
  • Job security: Employment laws and regulations in Germany are designed to protect workers, providing a high level of job security.
  • Work-life balance: Germans generally prioritize work-life balance, and many companies offer flexible work hours, generous vacation time, and parental leave benefits.
  • Standard of living: Germany consistently ranks high in terms of standard of living, offering excellent healthcare, education, public services, and access to infrastructure.
  • Career development: Germany has a strong tradition of vocational training and education, and many companies offer opportunities for professional growth and development.
  • Multinational Companies: Germany is home to several multinational corporations, providing opportunities for foreign nationals to work for globally recognized companies.
  • Diverse job opportunities: Germany has a diverse job market with opportunities in various fields, including engineering, healthcare, IT, finance, and manufacturing.
  • Multicultural environment : Large German cities are multicultural, with a diverse and inclusive environment, which can be attractive to immigrants.
  • Learning opportunities: Learning German can be a valuable skill, and working in Germany provides an immersive environment for language acquisition.
  • Social benefits: Employees in Germany have access to social benefits such as health insurance, unemployment benefits, and pension plans, ensuring financial security.
  • Permanent residence: After working in Germany for a few years, foreign nationals may be eligible to apply for permanent residence or citizenship.
  • Travel Opportunities: Germany’s central location in Europe makes it a travel hub, allowing you to easily explore other European countries.
  • Research and innovation: Germany is known for its strong research and innovation sectors, making it an attractive destination for science and technology professionals.
  • High-quality education : If you have children, Germany offers high-quality education and many international schools.

People Also Ask :

Which occupations will be required in Germany in 2023?

This comprises project managers, designers, and research engineers. Healthcare Specialists: Also in high demand in Germany are healthcare professionals like physicians, nurses, and pharmacists. As a result of the nation’s aging population, the demand for healthcare services is rising.

How does one obtain employment in Germany?

All individuals who wish to pursue gainful employment in Germany are required to obtain a visa-based residence permit. When necessary, a work permit will accompany the visa issued for this purpose.

Can I get a job easily in Germany?

Generally, the job market in Germany is competitive, and it may take time to find a suitable job opportunity. However, there are various resources available, such as job search websites and recruitment agencies, to help individuals find job openings.

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About Germany

application for a job position

  • Job Application

After arriving in Germany, finding accommodation, and arranging a health insurance, it's time to start looking for work. And as any job-seeker knows, that means completing as many job applications as it takes until you find the right position.

However, what every job-seeker doesn't know is that a job application in Germany can be a little different to elsewhere. Let's explore the theme a little further and help you land a dream job. 

  • Working in Germany
  • Types of Employment in Germany
  • Factors to Consider When Relocating
  • Average Graduate Starting Salaries
  • Part-time jobs in Germany
  • Starting a Business in Germany

Table of contents

How to apply for a job in germany, the cover letter, the curriculum vitae, the job interview.

Check out our tips

Every position is slightly different, and there may be minor variations in specific sectors of the economy. However, in most cases, the process of applying for a job in Germany will run roughly like this. 

1. Research the best areas to work

Firstly, you'll need to know which jobs are needed in Germany? There are some excellent resources around which aggregate German jobs data, but the government's Make it in Germany portal is probably the best option to start with. So if you're wondering if there are jobs in Germany within your sector it's a great place to begin the journey. 

2. Ensure that your qualifications are recognized

You will also need to ensure that your existing qualifications are officially recognized in Germany . Again, the government runs a handy site to check whether your degree is sufficient, or additional training will be required. And sometimes, the answer to the question "can foreigners work in Germany" is unfortunately no. If your qualifications aren't in demand or recognized, work will be hard to find. 

3. Search job vacancies

Now you can start searching for specific posts, and finding jobs in Germany for foreigners is usually surprisingly easy . Make it in Germany gathers together a lot of jobs that are suitable for foreign applicants. 

If you are looking for jobs in Germany for English speakers, try resources like Englishjobs.de or the German branch of Indeed . And if you are wondering how to apply for a job in Germany from India​, check out MonsterIndia . There should be a wide range of potential openings. Or if you are looking for an IT job, you can search on GermanTechJobs .

4. Complete your application

Next comes the application. This requires an updated resume, a current photograph, and copies of any relevant professional qualifications. See below for information about the CV and cover letter . 

5. Secure a working visa

After being accepted, there's still work to do. When you have secured a contract , you can then apply for a working visa via a local consulate or embassy. If you already have a six month job-seeker visa, in which case you'll be able to convert that into a long-term permit. 

6. Organize health insurance

Every worker in Germany must be insured , and there are plenty of providers to choose from. This is where Expatrio's expertise and contacts help you to secure a coverage that balances healthcare and value for money. 

Different levels of insurance include different benefits. Whichever you choose, don’t forget that health insurance is compulsory for all!

Get your Health Insurance

With our Health Insurance Plus you will benefit not only from excellent healthcare coverage, but also from additional benefits which we have packed for you.

How to nail this important component in the job application process

The cover letter is a key aspect of the job application process, but it's also something that many job-seekers get wrong. So here are some basic do's and don'ts to keep in your mind: 

  • Ensure that you address the correct contact person. If necessary, give the company a call to check that you have the right individual.
  • Be honest about your achievements and abilities, but show your passion and interest in the job you are applying for as well.
  • Stick to the job and its responsibilities, or any qualifications that are relevant to the post. Don't waste time talking about your hobbies or other activities.
  • Add a hand-written signature at the end of the letter. It's a nice human touch and shows that you haven't churned out a form letter for the post in question.
  • Write in large paragraphs without space in between. Use shorter paragraphs where possible, with short sentences that are easy to read.
  • Use slang or informal language. Avoid sounding conversational. Reading the letter back after completion can help to achieve the right balance of personal content and formality.
  • Resort to exaggerations or untruths. Any dishonesty is sure to be exposed, and often jumps out of cover letters as a potential red flag.

Can I get a job in Germany without speaking German?​

The idea of writing a cover letter in German can be out of the question for some people, but as we've seen, there are plenty of English language jobs in Germany . In these cases, cover letters will still be needed, and the same rules apply - just translated into English . 

How to structure a typical cover letter

Most cover letters follow a similar template. The first paragraph states the full name of the position, and may reference the referrer who informed the applicant about the job. 

The second paragraph explains why the applicant is interested, what qualities that have that make them suited to the job, any relevant experience in the field, and discusses how the applicant will contribute to the company in the future. 

The third paragraph lets the company know when the applicant is available for an interview (or phone interview if they cannot be in Germany at that time). And the fourth paragraph states what has been supplied with the letter (such as a CV and photographs), and includes contact details for the applicant. 

Find out more about this vital feature

Your CV sums up your personal history, and forms a core point of reference for German employers, so it's vital to get your CV right when applying . 

There are some important differences between German CVs and the ones that applicants may be familiar with. Most importantly, there's no room for boasting or stressing personal qualities on a German CV . So stick to relevant information, instead. And in Germany, CVs tend to include a passport-sized photo in the top right corner, something that US or UK versions lack. In case you need help translating your CV to German , you can also  book translation services online .

The content of the CV is also slightly different to other countries. German CVs always start with educational information (from high school level to postgraduate), before listing work experience . German employers also tend to be more keen to see supporting documents (such as professional certificates or degrees). These should be supplied along with the CV in either hard or digital formats. 

How to create the perfect German CV

If you want to wow employers, keep in mind these simple tips and you should do fine: 

  • Education first, then work, then anything else
  • Keep it short. Two pages is routine.
  • Remember the photo in the top right corner.
  • Include your address, email address, phone number, date of birth, and full name at the top of the document.
  • Use bullets to list your accomplishments in jobs or academic courses.
  • If you have any gaps, be sure to provide a short explanation.
  • Don't include reference addresses. Instead, you'll need to secure written references to send to your prospective employer.

When applying for your visa

This advice also applies to the one page CV for German visa​ applications, and it's a good idea to write both at the same time. The shorter format doesn't require so much detail - just stick to the length of your stay, what kind of work you are seeking, and your professional qualifications. 

The final step to get your dream job

If your cover letter and CV are successful, you'll be invited for a job interview. And - as with every other stage of the process, it's important to get the interview right if you want to succeed . So, here are some tips: 

  • Make sure you are completely punctual. Any lateness could kill your chances.
  • Dress smartly - even if your work attire is relatively informal. Press your trousers, iron your shirt, and make sure any stains are brushed off before attending.
  • Never criticize past employers or colleagues. Keep things objective and neutral, if possible.
  • Stay engaged, feel free to ask questions, and don't just drone on and on. Employers appreciate applicants who show initiative and can hold a conversation.
  • Be confident about what you have accomplished, and state your achievements clearly - without sounding boastful. And never exaggerate.
  • Do some research about your potential employer. Find out about their leaders, product areas, achievements, and goals.
  • Never overreact. Expect interviewers to be fairly direct, even rude in some cases. They will try to test your initiative and resolve, so don't take their tactics personally.
  • Come prepared with a pen and notepad, preferably with some intelligent questions ready to ask.
  • Eye contact is important, but don't overdo it. When asking questions, be direct and confident, but try to relax as well.

These tips apply to general interviews, but there may be another dimension to the application: tests at an Assessmentcenter . 

You should be notified in advance if written assessments are part of the schedule, allowing you to prepare accordingly. And if team exercises are part of the program, be aware of what is being assessed. 

Employers want to see evidence of effective collaboration and cooperation - not personal dominance. So even if you are super-confident, try to help your team members and work with them, not against them.

In general, the process of applying for work in Germany isn't as daunting as it may seem . So don't worry too much about questions like how do I apply for a job in another country​?

Just use the resources available and come up with a killer cover letter and CV!

About Expatrio

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  • Course Research: Start by exploring the range of courses available and narrow down to those that align with your aspirations.
  • University Selection: Once you’ve picked your course, look into universities that offer it. Consider factors like reputation, faculty, and location.
  • Language Proficiency Test: Depending on the language of instruction (German or English), take the standardized test (like IELTS or TestDAF) to showcase your language skills.
  • Requirements Check: Look into each university’s specific requirements. Gather documents like transcripts, recommendations, and motivation letters.
  • Financial Preparation: Begin saving for your studies and living expenses. Proof of financial resources is crucial for visa application.
  • Application Form: Complete the application form as per each university’s guidelines.
  • Submission: Submit your applications before the deadlines.

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